First posted on December 12th 2012






Literature on the History of West Africa

Relevant Institutions : Digital Libraries :
Digital Public Library of America, Gallica
Memoria d'Africa e d'Oriente, Biblioteca digital

Relevant Institutions : Hemerotheques (Digital Newspaper Archives) :
Bulletin du Comite de l'Afrique française 1891-1908, Gallica
Bulletin officiel du Ministere des colonies 1894-1921, 1925, Gallica

Relevant Institutions : Archives :
National Archives of Burkuna Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Guinee, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal
National Archives of former Colonial Powers : Rigsarkivet (Denmark), Archives Nationales d'Outremer (France), Bundesarchiv (Germany), Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Portugal), Spain, National Archives (UK)
Vatican Secret Archives
Endangered Archives Project : EAP026: Rescuing Liberian history: a pilot study to preserve and enable access to Liberia's Presidential and National Archives, EAP027: Rescuing Liberian history: preserving the personal papers of William V.S. Tubman, Liberia's longest serving President, EAP050: Making Professor Ade Obayemi's life work available to the world , EAP051: Bamum script and archives project: saving Africa's written heritage, EAP052: Rescuing Eastern Nigerian history: preserving the holdings of Enugu and Calabar regional archives, EAP054: Archiving a Cameroonian photographic studio, EAP078: Ritual narratives of Bagr Secret Society, EAP087: Northern Nigeria: precolonial documents preservation scheme, EAP139: Rescuing Liberian history - preserving the photographs of William VS Tubman, Liberia's longest serving President, EAP231: Social history of the Gambia: rescuing an endangered archive, police and court records, EAP256: Preservation of endangered historical records in the Public Records and Archives Administration (PRAAD) in Tamale, Northern Ghana, EAP266: History of Bolama, the first capital of Portuguese Guinea (1879-1941), as reflected in the Guinean National Historical Archives, EAP269: Preliminary survey of Arabic manuscripts in Djenne, Mali, with a view to a major project of preservation, digitisation and cataloguing, EAP284: Before the war, after the war: preserving history in Sierra Leone , EAP327: Guinea's Syliphone Archives, EAP334: Digital preservation of Wolof Ajami manuscripts of Senegal, EAP387: Safeguarding Fulfulde ajami manuscripts of Nigerian Jihad poetry by Usman dan Fodio (1754-1817) and contemporaries, EAP430: History of Bolama, the first capital of Portuguese Guinea (1879-1941), as reflected in the Guinean National Historical Archives - major project, EAP443: Nineteenth century documents of the Sierra Leone Public Archives , EAP449: Social history and cultural heritage of Mali: preserving the archives of professional photographers, EAP462: Preservation of Kaya district colonial archives and assessment of the potential and feasibility of recovering other former district capitals' collections, Burkina Faso, EAP474: Regional Archive at Cape Coast, Ghana: pre-colonial and colonial documents preservation project, EAP485: World War II and the origins of Hausa newspapers: the early years of 'Gaskiya ta fi Kwabo', EAP488: Major project to digitise and preserve the manuscripts of Djenne, Mali, EAP506: A pilot project to survey the Buea Archives and other potentially endangered archives in western Cameroon, EAP532: Recovering the endangered archives of the Benue Valley, central Nigeria, EAP535: Northern Nigeria: Precolonial documents preservation scheme - major project, EAP536: Safeguarding Gambia, Casamance and Guinea-Bissau's oral histories: the Oral History Archive at Fajara, The Gambia, EAP540: Shrines of Accra: Witchcraft trial records at Nai, Korle and Sakumo We, Accra, Ghana, EAP541: Digitisation and preservation of historical archives in the Public Records and Archives Administration (PRAAD) in Tamale, Northern Ghana, EAP542: Cameroon Photo Press Archives. Protection, conservation, access , EAP569: Safeguarding Nzema history: documents on Nzema land in Ghanaian national and local archives, EAP608: Guinea's Syliphone archives - II, EAP626: Tracking the past - the preservation of the railway archives of Sierra Leone, EAP690: Project to digitise and preserve the manuscripts of Djenne and surrounding villages

Relevant Institutions : Academic Journals
Africa South of the Sahara : History : Journals (Stanford)
African Studies Centre, Leiden, List of free, Africa related, e-journals
FULL TEXT
Afrique et Histoire 2003-2009, CAIRN
Clio en Afrique 1997-2004
Bulletin du Comite d'etudes historiques et scientifiques de l'Afrique 1917-1937, Gallica
Revue de l'histoire des colonies françaises 1907-1931, Gallica
Nordic Journal of African Studies 1992-2012
Sudanic Africa. A Journal of Historical Sources 1990-2005
Cahiers d'etudes africaines 1960-2013


Reference Material : Bibliography :
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangeres traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, Gallica
B. Clist, Bibliography of African Archaeology
P. Schrijver, Bibliography on Islam in Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa, Leiden 2006
D.E. Miller et al., Precolonial Metalworking in Africa, A Bibliography 1998
G. Kayser, Bibliographie d'ouvrages ayant trait a l'Afrique en general : dans ses rapports avec l'exploration et la civilisation de ces contrees, depuis le commencement de l'imprimerie jusqu'a nos jours 1887, Gallica
L. Busch, Guinea, Ivory Coast, and Senegal: a bibliography on development 1973, IA
V. Tantet, Catalogue methodique de la bibliotheque du ministere des Colonies, 1905, Gallica
J.O. Hunwick, Timbuktu : a Bibliography

Reference Material : Atlases :
S. Kasule, The History Atlas of Africa, NY : Macmillan 1998 [G]
G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville, A Modern Atlas of African History, London : Rex Collings 1976 [G]
I. LL. Griffiths, An Atlas of African Affairs, London : Routledge 1984 [G]
J. Murray, Cultural Atlas of Africa, NY : Facts on File (1981) 1995 [G]
University of Texas, Perry Castaneda Library, Map Collection Topographical Maps, Africa
Carte des fuseaux horaires de l'A.O.F. 1912, Carte zootechnique de l'a.o.f. 1906, Repartition du betail en A.O.F. 1906, Gallica
Distribution of African Languages, map from Muturzikin
R.P. Duby, Carte de la partie centrale de la mission de Senegambie (du Kayor a la Gambie) 1877, Gallica
H. Frey, Carte du Haut-Senegal et du Haut-Niger 1888, Gallica
d'Anville, Carte de la Cote de Guinee, 1729, Gallica
H. Moll 1729 : West Africa, Urhobo Historical Society
Imago Mundi, Carte de l'Afrique occidentale française, Vidal de la Blache c.1910
West Africa 1914, from Heritage History
Humtec, AOF c. 1930s
AOF 1936
Missions protestantes en A.O.F., 1950, Carte d'implantation des differentes societes de missions protestante, 1952, DEFAP
Carte des fuseaux horaires de l'Afrique occidentale française 1912, Gallica
Carte zootechnique de l'Afrique occidentale française 1906, Gallica
Repartition approximative des peuplements naturels de caoutchouc (AOF) 1906, Gallica
AOF 1936, Wikipedia
Guinea (i.e. most of French West Africa) 1936, Probert Encyclopedia
La zone d'irrigation du Niger (1/1.900.000e environ). - La valle du Niger et ses voies d'acces sur la cote d'Afrique (1.660.000e environ), 1921, Gallica
Carte de Soudan Occidental 1893, 1894, Gallica

Reference Material : Historical Dictionaries :
J.S. Olson, The Peoples of Africa. An Ethnohistorical Dictionary, Westport Ct : Greenwood 1996 [G]
Ken Shillington, Encyclopedia of African History, vol.2 : H-O, NY : Taylor & Francis 2005, vol.3 : P-Z, 2005 [G]
Scarecrow Historical Dictionaries by Country, volumes Benin 1987, Upper Volta 1978, Cameroon 1991, Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire) 1987, Republic of Cape Verde 1988, the Gambia 1975, Republic of Guinea Bissau 1988, Ghana 1985, Guinea 1978, Mali 1977, Mauritania 1981, Niger 1979, Nigeria 1987, Senegal 1981, Sierra Leone 1977, Togo 1996 [G]

Reference Material : Statistical Data :
IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Jan Lahmeyer, Population Statistics : Africa; has tables showing historical data
Annuaire Statistique du Cameroun vol.1 1938-1945, 2012, vol.2 1946-1956, 2012, Epsilon

Reference Material : Lists of Rulers (Archontology) :
Ben Cahoon, World Statesmen
I. Mladjov, Monarchs

Reference Material : Databases :
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database


Primary Sources : surveys
Ch.11 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Africanarum atque Americanarum, pp.263-273 (Africa pp.263-268), in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Annual Departmental Reports relating to Nigeria and British Cameroons, 1887-1960 1979, Sierra Leone 1893-1961 1981, The Gambia 1881-1966 1981, the Gold Coast and British Togoland 1843-1956 n.d.
Government Publications relating to Nigeria, 1862-1960 n.d., Sierra Leone, 1808-1961 1976, The Gambia, 1822-1965 1975, the Gold Coast and Togoland, 1846-1957 1974
N. Ghali et al., Inventaire de la bibliotheque 'Umarienne de Segou : conservee a la Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, 1985, Gallica
Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English Language)
R. Boubrik, Sources d'histoire sociale et religieuse de l'ouest saharien Le cas de la confrerie Fadiliyya (Mauritanie), Clio en Afrique 4
Global Resources Network, Liberian Presidential Documents
S.O. Agolinho, An Assessment of the Contribution of Written Sources to Historical Studies [written sources on precolonial Nigeria] 1999
Les Sources de l'Histoire moderne et contemporaine africaine, DEA 1999
Colonial Film, Moving Images of the British Empire
C.R. DeCorse, Historical Archaeology in West Africa Documents, Oral Histories, and the Material Record 1996
Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English language)

Primary Sources : compilations
E. Hertslet (ed.), The Map of Africa by Treaty, vol.1 1894, vol.2 1887, vol.3 1896, IA
Internet African History Sourcebook
R.O. Collins, Western African History. Texts and Readings, Princeton : Marcus Wiener (1990) 1997, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 966 C712w
J.D. Hargreaves, France and West Africa. An Anthology of Historical Documents, London : Macmillan 1969 [G]
Despatches from United States consuls in Bathurst, 1857-1889 (Banjul, Gambia), Goree-Dakar 1883-1906, Sierra Leone, 1858-1906 1960, Digitized Books from the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Records of the Department of State relating to political relations between the United States and British Africa, 1910-1929 1966, Digitized Books from the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
T. Costa, Primary Reader in African History 1998
L. Machat (ed.), Documents sur les etablissements français de l'Afrique Occidentale au XVIIIe siecle 1906, Gallica
Library of Congress, Islamic Manuscripts from Mali
Tombouctou Manuscripts Project
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents

Primary Sources : explorers' travelogues
15TH CENTURY
Relation des voyages a la cote occidentale d'Afrique d'Alvise de Ca' da Mosto, 1445-1457 1895, Gallica
18TH CENTURY
F. Moore, Travels into the Inland Parts of Africa, 1738, GB
C.F. Damberger, Travels through the interior of Africa: from the Cape of Good Hope to Morocco 1801, GB
S.M.X. Golberry, Travels in Africa: performed during the years 1785, 1786, and 1787 in the Western Part of the Continent, 1803, GB
19TH CENTURY
Mungo Park, Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa vol.1, 1816, GB, vol.2 1816
W. Hutton, A voyage to Africa: including a narrative of an embassy to one of the interior kingdoms, in the year 1820; with remarks on the course and termination of the Niger, and other principal rivers in that country 1821, IA
A.G. Laing, Travels in the Timannee, Kooranko, and Soolima countries 1825, GB
W. Gray, Travels in Western Africa, in the Years 1818, 19, 20, and 21 1825, GB
D. Denham, Narrative of travels in Northern and Central Africa [1822-1824], vol.1 1826, GB; vol.2 1828, GB
H. Clapperton, Journal of a second expedition into the interior of Africa, from the bight of Benin to Soccatoo 1829, IA
R. Caillie, Journal d'un voyage a Tombouctou et a Jenne, dans l'Afrique Centrale, 1830, GB
R. Lander, Journal of an Expedition to Explore the Course and Termination of the Niger 1832, IA
R. Lander, The Travels of Richard and John Lander into the Interior of Africa 1836, GB
J. Fawckner, Narrative of Captain James Fawckner's travels on the coast of Benin, West Africa 1837, IA
G. MacLaird, Narrative of an expedition into the interior of Africa, by the River Niger, in the steam-vessels Quorra and Alburkah, in 1832, 1833 and 1834 vol.1 1837, IA, vol.2 1837, IA
G.T. Mollien, Travels in the Interior of Africa, to the Sources of the Senegal and Gambia 1838, GB
J. Duncan, Travels in Western Africa in 1845 and 1846, vol.1 1847, vol.2 1847, GB
J. Smith, Trade and travels in the Gulph of Guinea, Western Africa, vol.1 1851, GB
J.H. Churi, Sea Nile, the Desert, and Nigritia 1853, GB
S. Crowther, Journal of an Expedition Up the Niger and Tshadda Rivers 1855, IA
W.B. Baikie, Narrative of an exploring voyage up the rivers Kwora and Binue (commonly known as the Niger and Tsadda) in 1854 1856, IA
H. Barth, Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa, 1858, GB
Richard Burton, Abeokuta and the Cameroons Mountain 1863, GB
Richard Burton, Wanderings in West Africa, vol.1 1863, GB, vol.2 1863, GB
Richard Burton, A Mission to Gelele, King of Dahome 1864, GB
A.E. Mage, Voyage dans le Soudan occidental (Senegambie-Niger) 1868, IA
T.E. Boudich [1791-1824], Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, with a descriptive account of that kingdom 1873, IA
J. Zweifel et al., Voyage aux sources du Niger, vol.1 1880, IA
A. Burdo, The Niger and the Benueh; travels in Central Africa 1880, IA
A.O. Sanderval, De l'Atlantique au Niger par le Foutah-Djallon: carnet de voyage 1883, IA
J.S. Gallieni, Voyage au Soudan français (Haut-Niger et pays de Segou) 1879-1881 1885, IA
J. Bayol, Voyage en Senegambie: Haut-Niger, Bambouck, Fouta-Djallon et Grand-Beledougou, 1880-1885 1888, IA
L.G. Binger, Du Niger au Golfe de Guinee par le pays de Kong et le Mossi 1892, IA
E.A.L. Hourst, La mission Hourst: sur le Niger et au pays des Touaregs 1898, IA
20TH CENTURY
G.J. Toutee, Dahome, Niger: Touareg; recit de voyage 1908, IA

Primary Sources : guides
U.S. Army Service Forces, Pocket Guide to West Africa 1943, IA
Guide du commerce et de la colonisation a la Cote d'Ivoire n.d.
Guide de la colonisation au Togo 1924, 1926, Gallica
Guide de la colonisation au Cameroun 1927, Gallica
Guide pratique de l'Europeen dans l'Afrique occidentale 1902, Gallica

Primary Sources : historiography
Documents arabes relatifs a l'histoire du Soudan : Abderrahman ben Abdallah ben 'Imran ben 'Amir es-Sa'di, Tarikh es-Soudan, fr. trsl. 1898, Tedzkiret en-nisian fi Akhbar molouk es-Soudan, fr. trsl. 1901, Tarikh el-Fettach ou Chronique du chercheur, fr. trsl. 1913, Gallica
J.O. Hunwick (trsl.), Not yet the Kano Chronicle : King Lists with and without Narrative Elaboration from 19th Century Kano 1993

Primary Sources : yearbooks
GENERAL
Britannica Book of the Year 1913, 1942-1997, 1999, 2002 [G]; KMLA Library has vol. 1998, 2006
Statesman's Yearbook 1878, 1889, 1895, 1898, 1901-1902, 1904-1907, 1910, 1912, 1918, 1919, 1924-1926, 1928-1929, 1932-1933, 1937, 1942-1943, 1961-1962, 1962-1963, 1970-1971, 1973-1974, 1975-1976 to 1976-1977, 1978-1979 to 2011
Statesman's Yearbook 1867 IA, 1868 IA, 1869 IA, 1871 IA, 1872 IA, 1873 IA, 1874 IA, 1875 IA, 1876 IA, 1877 IA, 1878 IA, 1879 IA, 1880 IA, 1881 IA, 1882 IA, 1883 IA, 1884 IA, 1885 IA, 1886 IA, 1887 IA, 1888 IA, 1889 IA, 1890 IA, 1891 IA, 1892 IA, 1894 IA, 1895 IA, 1896 IA, 1899 IA, 1903 IA, 1913 IA, 1919 IA, 1921 IA
Americana Annual 1927-1928, 1930-1941, 1943-1947, 1950-1954, 1957-1981, 1983-1990, 1992-1995, 1997-1998, 2000-2002, 2005-2006, 2008
(New) International Yearbook 1898-1900, 1907-1910, 1913-1914, 1916-1926, 1928-1935, 1937-1946, 1954, 1957, 1959, 1961-1962 [G]; Internet Archive provides links to scans of volumes of 1925-1959
Yearbook on International Communist Affairs 1968, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1989 [G]
NATIONAL (Staatskalender)
Digitized Books from Gambia 1890-1938, Gold Coast 1895-1939, Nigeria 1897-1938 (Lagos, Southern Nigeria, Northern Nigeria), Digitized Books from the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
British Online Archives, Gambia Blue Books 1828-1945, Gold Coast Blue Books 1846-1939, Nigeria Blue Books 1862-1945, Sierra Leone Blue Books 1824-1943
Deutscher Kolonialatlas mit Jahrbuch (German Colonial Atlas with Yearbook), Kamerun section, in English translation 1905 pp.9-11, 1906 pp.9-12, 1907 pp.10-13, 1908 pp.9-12, 1909 pp.13-17, 1910 pp.13-18, 1913 pp.18-23, 1914 pp.21-25, 1918 pp.14-16, Togo section, in English translation 1905 pp.6-9, 1906 pp.7-9, 1907 pp.7-10, 1908 pp.6-9, 1909 pp.9-13, 1910 pp.9-13, 1913 pp.15-18, 1914 pp.16-21, 1918 pp.12-14, posted on psm-data
Annuaire du Senegal et dependances 1861, Gallica
Rapport d'ensemble sur la situation generale de la Guinee francaise en 1901 1901, Gallica
Gouvernement General de l'Afrique Occidentale Française, Situation Generale 1907-1910, Gallica
Gouvernement General de l'Afrique Occidentale Française, Rapport d'Ensemble Annuel 1909-1913, Gallica

Primary Sources : historic commercial directories etc.
W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva; or, The merchant's directory. 1754 ed. IA, Africa pp.522-539, 613-627; 1792 ed. IA, Africa pp.772-789
W. Dickinson, Universal Commerce, 1818, GB; Africa p.2
Knight's cyclopaedia of the industries of all nations 1851, IA; Africa pp.39-43

Primary Sources : laws, ordinances etc.
Ordinances of the Gold Coast Colony in Force June, 1898 vol.1 1898, vol.2 1898, IA
A revised edition of the ordinances of the colony of Sierra Leone vol.2 [1900-1904], 1908 vol.4 [1811-1908], 1908, vol.5 [1909-1913], 1914, index volume 1908, IA
Ordinances and orders and rules thereunder in force in the Colony of Lagos on April 30th, 1901 1902, IA
Ordinances of the settlements on the Gold Coast and of the Gold Coast Colony, in force April 7th, 1887 1887, IA

Primary Sources : residence memoirs
J. Dupuis, Journal of a residence in Ashantee, comprising notes and researches relative to the Gold Coast, and the interior of Western Africa, chiefly collected from Arabic mss. and information communicated by the Moslems of Guinea 1824, IA
B. Cruickshank, Eighteen Years on the Gold Coast of Africa, vol.1 1853, vol.2 1853, IA
T. Conneau, Log-Book of a Slaver, or 20 Years Residence in Africa, 1853, [G]
W. Cole, Life in the Niger : or, the journal of an African trade 1862, IA
F.A. Ramseyer et al., Four Years in Ashantee, 1875, IA

Primary Sources : other
Foreign Relations of the United States, 1861-1960
Archnet Historic Sites; special focus on the Muslim World
E. Morel, Affairs of West Africa, 1902, IA
W. Cadbury, Labour in Portuguese West Africa, 1910, IA
G.W. Ellis, Negro Culture in West Africa 1914, IA
Sacred Texts : West and Central Africa
J. MacQueen, A geographical and commercial view of northern Central Africa: containing a particular account of the course and termination of the great river Niger in the Atlantic ocean 1821, IA
Senegal pp.357-361, Sierra Leone pp.361-364 in : United States Bureau of Foreign Commerce, Labor in America, Asia, Africa, Australasia, and Polynesia 1885, IA


Surveys
W.F. Conton, West Africa in History, 2 vols., London : George Allen & Unwin (1961) 1968 [G]
B. Davidson, A History of West Africa 1000-1800, Harlow : Longman (1965) 1981 [G]
J.F. Ade Adayi et al., A Thousand Years of West African History, Ibadan UP (1965) 1967 [G]

Specific Topics : by period
PREHISTORY TO 600 BCE The Prehistory of West Africa, chapter 24 pp.264-273 in J. Ki-Zerbo, Methodology and African Prehistory, vol.I abridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1989 [G]
B.M. Fagan, People of the Earth. An Introduction to World Prehistory, 2001 [G]; ch.6 : Africans and Australians 45.000 B.P. to Modern Times pp.184-203, ch.11 First Farmers in Egypt and Tropical Africa pp.292-303, ch.16 [Early Civilization] Egypt, Nubia, and Africa pp.412-452
P. Breunig et al., Late Holocene Settlement and Vegetation History of the Sahel in Burkina Faso
O. Ogundele, Settlement Archaeology in Nigeria : a Short Note
600 BCE TO 600 CE
600 CE TO 1450 CE
T. Vernet, Des empires de l'age d'or a la delicate mecanique des societes : histoire et archeologie du Sahel medieval, Afriques 04 2013
J.C. Ducene, Conceptualisation des espaces saheliens chez les auteurs arabes du Moyen Age, Afriques 4 2013
B. Davidson, A History of West Africa 1000-1800 1965
1450 TO 1750 CE
Chapter 10 pp.134-152 : Senegambia from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century : Evolution of the Wolof, Sereer and Tukuloor, chapter 11 pp.153-165 : The end of the Songhay Empire, chapter 12 pp.166-186 : From the Niger to the Volta, chapter 13 pp.187-203 : The states and cultures of the Upper Guinea Coast, chapter 14 pp.204-220 : The states and cultures of the Lower Guinea Coast, chapter 15 pp.221-231 : Fon and Yoruba : the Niger Delta and Cameroon, chapter 16 pp.232-247 : The Hausa states, chapter 17 pp.248-258 : Kanem-Borno, its relations with the Mediterranean Sea, Bagirmi and other states in the Chad Basin, in : B.A. Ogot, Africa from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, vol.V abridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa (1992) 1999 [G]
B. Davidson, A History of West Africa 1000-1800 1965
J.W. Blake, Europeans in West Africa, 1450-1560, 1941, IA
1750 TO 1914 CE
African Initiatives and Resistance in West Africa, chapter 6 pp.55-71; chapter 11 pp.120-131 Liberia and Ethiopia 1880-1914; chapter 25 pp.270-278 Politics and nationbalism in West Africa, in A. Adu Boahen, Africa under Colonial Domination 1880-1935, vol.VII abridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1990 [G]
African Initiatives and Resistance in West Africa, chapter 6 pp.114-148; chapter 11 pp.249-282 Liberia and Ethiopia 1880-1914; chapter 25 pp.624-647 Politics and nationalism in West Africa, in A. Adu Boahen, Africa under Colonial Domination 1880-1935, vol.VII unabridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1990 [G]
M. Fortes et al., African Political Systems [1940] 1950, IA; chapters on the Kede, Kavirondo, Tallensi
R. Dewiere, Le Discours historique de l'estat du royaume de Borno, genese et construction d'une histoire du Borno par un captif de Tripoli au XVIIe siecle, Afriques 04 2013
R. Cornevin, Histoire de l'Afrique, vol.2 : l'Afrique precoloniale 1500-1900, 1966; ch.VII : la bande Sahelo-Soudanaise, pp.216-268, ch.VIII : la bande Guineenne, pp.269-316, Gallica
SINCE 1914
Chapter 7 pp.161-191 : West Africa 1945-1960 in A.A. Mazrui, Africa since 1935, vol.VIII unabridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1999, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 960 M476g
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents 7 : Historical and Socio-cultural Relations between Black Africa and the Arab World since 1935, 1984
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents 10 : Africa and the Second World War, 1985
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents 12 : The Role of African student movements in the political and social evolution of Africa from 1900 to 1975 1994

Specific Topics : Historiography
G. Lydon, Writing Trans-Saharan History: Methods, Sources and Interpretations Across the African Divide, Journal of North African Studies
B. Hall et al., "The Historic 'Core Curriculum,' and the Book Market in Islamic West Africa" 2009
F. Janneh, Marxist Historiography in West Africa
P. Masonen, Histyoriography of Western Africa 1790s-1860s
L. Kapteijns, African historiography written by Africans, 1955-1973 : the Nigerian case 1977

Specific Topics : social history
P.E. Lovejoy, Transformations in Slavery. A History of Slavery in Africa, Cambridge : UP 3rd ed. 2012 KMLA Lib. Call Sign 306.3 L897t
E.D. Morel, The Black Man's Burden 1920, IA
R. Hayashi, Long term population dynamics in Africa: A perspective from the urban structure 2007
L.P. Bowler,
Gold Coast palaver; life on the Gold Coast 1911, IA
Cote occidentale : Congo, Guinee, Senegambie pp.301-379, Interieur : Soudan ou Nigritie pp.379-465 in C. Henricy, Les moeurs et costumes de tous les peuple : Afrique, 1847, Gallica
V. Schoelcher, L'Esclavage au Senegal en 1880 1880, Gallica

Specific Topics : economic history
GENERAL
A.G. Hopkins, An Economic History of West Africa, London : Longman 1973 [G]
FINANCES
Etude sur la situation financiere de l'Afrique occidentale francaise, 1895-1908 1908, Gallica
TRADE
C. Rose, Minerals, Medals, Faith and Slaves: The Trans-Saharan Commodity Trade, 2003
P. Masonen, Trans-Saharan Trade and the West African Discovery of the Mediterranean World
PLANTATIONS
Anti-Slavery International, The Cocoa Industry in West Africa. A History of Exploitation 2004
PODCAST : J. Fenske, 'Rubber Will Not Keep in this Country' - Failed Development in Benin, 1897-1921
Ghana Cocoa Board, The History of Cocoa and its Production in Ghana
S.O. Aghalino, British Colonial Policies and the Oil Palm Industry in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria 1900-1960 2000
MINING, OIL DRILLING
Pengassan, History of Oil and Gas Industry in Nigeria
J.B. Gewald, Gold, the True Motor of West African History 2013
INDUSTRIES
P.H. Williams, The Industrialization of Nigeria 1964
O. Agbu, The Iron and Steel Industry and Nigeria's Industrialization : Exploring Cooperation with Japan 2007
D. Aworawo, Costly Neglect : Technology, Industrialization and the Crisis of Development in Nigeria 2011

Specific Topics : history of religion
T.O. Ranger et al., The Historical Study of African Religion, Berkeley UP 1972 [G]
M. Hill, The Spread of Islam in West Africa 2009
A. Quellion, La Politique musulmane dans l'Afrique occidentale française 1910, Gallica
J. Kenny O.P., The Catholic Church in Tropical Africa 1445-1850, 1982
H. Seddall, The missionary history of Sierra Leone 1874, IA

Specific Topics : cultural history
Languages of Africa, from Ethnologue; click on country
F. Ngom, Ajami Intellectual Heritage of sub-Saharan Africa
F. Ngom, Introducing the Ajami Literatures of Islamic Africa
Heilbrunn Timeline of African History : Central Africa 1400-1600, 1600-1800, 1800-1900, 1900 to present
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thematic Essays : African Rock Art of the Central Zone, African Lost-Wax Casting, African Lost-Wax Casting : Bronze, Copper and Brass, African Lost-Wax Casting : the Tada Figure, The Age of Iron in West Africa, Art and the Fulani/Fulbe People, Art of the Asante Kingdom, Art of Power Associations in West Africa, Asante Royal Funerary Arts, Asante Textile Arts, The Bamana Segou State, Benin Chronology, Divination and Senufo Sculpture in West Africa, The Empires of the Western Sudan, Exchange of Art and Ideas : The Benin, Owo and Ijebu Kingdoms, The Fulani/Fulbe People, Gold in Asante Courtly Arts, Idia : The First Queen Mother of Benin, Ife (from c.350 B.C., Ife Pre-Pavement and Pavement Era (800-1000 AD), Ife Terracottas (1000-1400 AD), Igbo Ukwu, c.9th Century, Inland Niger Delta, Nok Terracottas, 500 B.C.-200 A.D., Origins and Empire : The Benin, Owo and Ijebu Kingdoms, Senufo Arts and Poro Initiation in Northern Cote d'Ivoire, Senufo Sculture from West Africa (1963 exhibition), Trade and Spread of Islam in Africa, Trans-Saharan Gold Trade (7th-14th century)
L. Prussin, The Architecture of Islam in West Africa, African Arts, vol. 1-2, 1968, pp.32-74

Specific Topics : Geographic/Ethnographic Compendia, East Africa coverage
Leo Africanus [c.1492-c.1550], The history and description of Africa vol.1 1896, IA; Countries undescribed by Leo, Benin, Ghinea, Sierra Leona pp.78-84; vol.II 1896, IA; (Maghreb)
A. du Bois, La Geographie moderne, naturelle historique & politique, vol.4 : Afrique etc., 1736, GB; ch.VI La Nigritie pp.748-756, ch.VII Le Guinee pp.756-763
Thomas Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1744-1746 edition vol.3 Guinea pp.38-59, Nigritia etc. pp.59-60
T.G. Smollett, The Present State of all Nations, vol.8 1769, GB; Guinea pp.142-159, Nigritia pp.169-180, Zaara pp.180-182, Biledulgerid pp.182-184
W. Guthrie, A new system of modern geography : or, A geographical, historical, and commercial grammar ; and present state of the several nations of the world ... vol.2 1794, IA; Fezzan, Bornou and Cashna pp.185-189, Of Africa from the Tropic of Cancer to the Cape of Good Hope pp.189-191
T.F. Ehrmann, Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, vol.8, Afrika, 1810, GB
C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, vol.3, 1827, GB; West Africa pp.1-30
H. Murray et al., An Encyclopaedia of Geography 1834, GB; Western Africa pp.1209-1232
Ch. LXXIX Royaume de Bornou pp.406-407, Ch. LXXX Empire de Fellatas p.407, Ch.LXXXI Royaume de Sennaar pp.407-408, Ch.LXXXIV Royaume d'Achanti pp.411-412, Ch.LXXXV Royaume de Darfour pp.412 in X. Heuschling, Manuel de statistique ethnographique universelle 1847, Gallica
E. Reclus, Universal Geography, The Earth and its Inhabitants [1876-1894], vol.11 North and West Africa, n.d., IA
World Geography Encyclopedia, vol.1 : Africa, 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 910.3 P238w v.1

Specific Topics : history of by country
MODERN COUNTRIES
R. West, Back to Africa. A History of Sierra Leone and Liberia, NY : Holt, Rinehart & Winston 1970 [G]
Toyin Falola, The History of Nigeria, Greenwood 1999, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 966.9 F196t
DOCUMENTARIES : Ghana's History, I : The Gold Coast, II : Ghana 1966-2000, III : Ghana 2000-2008
DOCUMENTARIES : An Economic History of Ghana, I, II, III
COLONIES
A.C. Burns, History of Nigeria, London : George Allen & Unwin 1929 [G]
Naval Intelligence Division (UK) : Geographical Handbook Series, French West Africa, 2 vols. 1943/1944 [G]
H.R. Rudin, Germans in the Cameroons 1884-1914, New Haven : Yale UP 1938 [G]
M. Njeuma, Introduction to the History of Cameroon in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, NY : St. Martin's 1989 [G]
R. Cornevin, Histoire du Togo, Paris : Berger-Levrault 1959 [G]
A. Ferryman, British West Africa : Its Rise and Progress 1900, IA
A.B. Ellis, A History of the Gold Coast in West Africa 1893, IA
H.H. Johnston, Britain across the seas : Africa : a history and description of the British Empire in Africa 1910, IA
Notices publiees par le Gouvernement de l'Afrique Occidentale Francaise a l'occasion de l'Exposition coloniale de Marseille 1906 La Cote d'Ivoire, Le Dahomey, Gallica
P. Cultru, Histoire du Senegal du XVe siecle a 1870 1910, Gallica
A.F. Mockler-Ferryman, British Nigeria; a geographical and historical description of the British possessions adjacent to the Niger River, West Africa 1902, IA
H. Casley, Gold Coast Native Institutions 1903, IA
E.G. Inghan, Sierra Leone After a Hundred Years 1894, IA
A. Sabatier, Le Senegal : sa conquete & son organisation (1364-1925) 1925, Gallica
Exposition universelle de 1900. Les Colonies françaises. Le Senegal, organisation politique, administration, finances, travaux publics, 1900, Gallica
HISTORIC AFRICAN STATES
A.H.M. Greene, Adamawa Past and Present, Oxford UP 1958 [G]
H.L. Roth, Great Benin, its Customs, Art, and Horrors 1903, IA
S. Jeppie et al., The Meanings of Timbuctu 2008, IA
A. Schultze, Das Sultanat Bornu mit besonderer Berücksichtigung Deutsch-Bornus, 1910, IA
J. Pinnock, Benin : the surrounding country, inhabitants, customs, and trade 1897, IA
C.C. Reindorf et al., History of the Gold Coast and Asante, based on traditions and historical facts : comprising a period of more than three centuries from about 1500 to 1860 1895, IA
W.W. Claridge et al., A history of the Gold Coast and Ashanti from the earliest times to the commencement of the twentieth century 1915, IA
A. le Herisse, L'ancien royaume du Dahomey, moeurs, religion, histoire 1911, Gallica
DOCUMENTARIES : Kingdoms of Africa, Kingdom of Asante
AFRICAN ETHNICITIES
S. Johnson, The History of the Yorubas, Cambridge : UP (1921) 2010, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 966.9 J66h
A. Afigbo, Igbo History and Society, Trenton NJ : Africa World Press 2005, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 966.9 F196i
A.B. Ellis, The Yoruba-speaking Peoples of the Slave Coast of West Africa 1894, IA
A.B. Ellis, The Tshi-speaking Peoples of the Gold Coast of West Africa, 1887, IA
A.B. Ellis, The E'we-speaking peoples of the Slave Coast of West Africa 1890, IA



WHKMLA Pages
Since Independence, c.1960- : Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

KMLA History Program Papers on West African History
Students' Paper : Chang, HyeJin, Environmental History of West Africa (2012)
Students' Paper : Lee, Yeonhwa, Comparative History of Education in West Africa : (British) Gold Coast / Ghana and (French) Cote d'Ivoire (2009)
Students' Paper : Kim, Ji Yang, Demographic History of West Africa (2009)
Students' Papers : Kim, Jiwan, The European View of West Africa and Colonialism as expressed in Historic Encyclopedias (2009)