History of Tibet 1960-1976 as Reflected in the NYTimes

Korean Minjok Leadership Academy

Table of Contents

December 5th 2008
October 24th 2008
October 24th 2008
October 24th 2008
October 24th 2008
October 24th 2008
October 7th 2008
September 24th 2008
September 23rd 2008
August 29th 2008
May 22nd 2008
April 2nd 2008

December 5th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

Think of subdividing chapters into subchapters.
Please send an updated table of contents.

October 24th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) Chapter looks good, just subdivide. 5.1 Articles which Originated in the U.S., 5.2 Articles which originated in Nepal ...
Areas you did niot examine yet : Articles on political, religious, cultural, economic, social, environmental issues

October 24th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) Organization of your paper : chapters 1-3 are sort of an introduction. You may want to subdivide chapters 4 and 5 into subchapters. Also, if you use tables or graphs, your findings could be more transparent.
(2) Some of the articles were based on the facts provided by Japan, Swiss etc and some were commentaries that covered about the issues related to Tibet.
Japan is a country, does not provide articles; the Japanese government or Japanese news agencies might. Also, list the articles in an endnote.
(3) Also, you may want to comment on the criteria by which you selected the articles.

October 24th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

How many Tibetans participated in the rebellion; how many were killed, how many fled the country

October 24th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) (Blue Book) is supposed to stand in place of a note to be written. If you want to give notes, you have to refer to specific pages.
(2) After the British left Tibet, the Manchus invaded Tibet in 1910 to restore its influence on Tibet but in 1911, by the 13th Dalai Lama, Tibet was again gained independence.
The word "again" poses a problem. Tibet, from 1718/1720 to 1911, had not been fully independent, but a vassall of Qing China. Being a Korean, you may understand that Tibet's situation may be compared to that of Joseon until 1897, a vassall state of Qing China, the vassall status being of a formal nature so that the country was independent in all but in name. (3) This chapter focusses on diplomacy. Did the Chinese collectivize the herds of Tibetans ? Did such collectivization cause Tibetans to resist ? Did Chinese authorities take action against Buddhist monasteries, by confiscating land, arresting monks, closing down individual monasteries ?

October 24th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) The first two paragraphs describe the position of present-day Tibet within the People's Republic of China. You describe it in one word, 'autonomous region', and then go on to mainly describe the constitution of the PR China. I suggest you add a paragraph in which you describe the quality of Tibetan autonomy.
(2) Ever since Tibet reopened itself for tourism in 1981, the numbers of visitors are constantly increasing.
Here you suggest that the opening of Tibet to tourists was decided by authorities in autonomous Tibet, not by authorities in Beijing.
(3) General problem : spelling of names of Chinese places and persons. You use outdated spelling (Peking instead of Beijing etc.) I suggest you discuss the spelling dilemma in your introduction, add a list where you juxtapose old and new spellings, and, in your text, use the modern spelling (Wikipedia).
(4) Also, despite all the efforts to modernize Tibet,
Your paper covers the years until 1976; this introductory chapter describes present Tibet. You might want to be more specific regarding modernization since 1976, perhaps in an endnote.

October 7th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

Chapter V : articles do not have an attitude; writers do. Perhaps : Perspectives inherent in the NYT Articles.

September 24th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) One text, two chapter titles. I assume this text to be on Political History, and the text on economic history still to come. The chapter is supposed to be on the history from 1960 to 1976; the chapter you sent mostly is on the history prior to 1959.
(a) Divide Chapter Title into i. Brief History of Tibet until 1959, ii. .. from 1959 to 1981
(b) I suggest you reorganize the first part (until 1959) into three subchapters : i. Politiocal History until 1958, ii. Economic History until 1958, iii. The Rebellion of 1959.
The rebellion of 1959 is a reaction on what you summarily describe as Chinese oppression. Part of that opression is Chinese disregard for Tibetan tradition (politics); much of it may be Tibetan reaction on the introduction of Chinese Communist economic structures; the economy should be discussed prior to the rebellion.
(2) Spelling of names : Ch'inghai. Modern transcription of the Chinese name : Qinghai. Tibetan name Amdo. By chosing the Chinese name over the Tibetan one, you kind of take sides. Solution : the first time you mention the place, give the alternative spelling in brackets : Qinghai Province (in Tibetan : Amdo). With all Chinese names : when your paper is finished, try find, use the modern transcription (Wikipedia). You may give the spelling you found in your sources in footnotes.
(3) Your solution of giving provisional footnotes : when you finalize your paper and fill in the footnotes, you have to give the precise pages you refer to; do not forget that. It is less work to do that now.
(4) The word "resistance" can under no circumstances be used in plural. "Upraises", better "uprisings", "rebellions". The word "propaganda" can not be used in plural.

September 23rd 2008

Times of London online, all issues since 1785 http://archive.timesonline.co.uk/tol/archive/ annual fee for access L 74,95 - reasonable. Keyword Tibet 1960-1976 threw out 906 results

August 29th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) Create a table in which you show the geographical origin of your sources - Tibet - PR China - India - Nepal - Other Asia - NYT - Other US - Elsewhere - by period.
(2) Replace Exiled Tibetan government by "Tibetan Government in Exile".

May 22nd 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

Your table of contents makes sense. Chapters I-IV serve as an extended introduction, chapters V-VIII make use of the NYT articles, chapter IX critically comments on the source.
Regarding chapter V : your choice of periodization seems rather arbitrary to me. You group the articles in 5-year periods, and come up with a leftover group at the end. Perhaps we reorganize it according to political criteria, such as the Cultural Revolution etc.
Look into Eunsol's Paper. She places more focus on the NY Times than on Kazakhstan itself, comments on her selection of the articles, on the criteria by which the NY Times selected articles on Kazakhstan it published, and on the depth of the published articles, and lastly on the sources of the NY Times articles. You may want to integrate these into your chapter 9.
As you plan to write 4 chapters not based on the NYT, your reference list (references other than the NYT) gains in importance.

April 2nd 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

The list is fine.

Next steps :
Establish a bibliography
Establish a Timeline : what happens (a) in China, (b) in Tibet, (c) Exile Govt.
Sort the articles into categories such as (I) Resistance, (2) Refugees, (3) Religion in Tibet, (4) Economy of Tibet, (5) Administration of Tibet, perhaps more categories