Economic History of Poland 1919-1990


Korean Minjok Leadership Academy
PKW



Table of Contents
November 28th 2008
October 18th 2008
September 26th 2008
September 24th 2008
September 17th 2008
September 17th 2008
September 17th 2008
June 8th 2008
June 8th 2008



November 28th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

You have compiled a lot of information. I would suggest some rearrangement.
(1) What you say about the Extermination of the Jewish Population and the Polish Intelligentsia belongs more into World War II. However, the fact that these groups were greatly decimated had an impact on Poland's society when the natuional economy was to be reconstructed; however, you hardly touch that issue.
(2) In the chapter on the Six Year Plan you go on and on writing about the Three year Plan. Subdivide into chapter on Three Year Plan and one on Six Year Plan.
(3) I sense a gap between the narration of the extermination of Poland's Jews & Intelligentsia and the Three Year Plan. At first, writing ambitious plans did not help, the most basic matters had to be adressed.
Describe the level of physical destruction of railroads, roads, other infrastructure, of factories, housing ... The Yearbooks should have some information.
For the initial reconstruction phase you can not expect statistical data which you like to use in more regular periods of Polish history.
(4) When you write about the extermination of Polish Jews and Intelligentsia, keep in mind that there were individuals qualifying for both categories.
(5) It looks to me as if you have written the main chapters of your paper. Except for minor corrections, what is missing is a conclusion containing a comparative analysis - the main reason why you compiled all this information.
(6) However out of Poland's prewar population of 3,500,000 Jews, only about 50,000 - 120,000 survived the war. give a note



October 18th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) The reorganization of your paper topic made a huge difference. Now it is focussed. What a pity that it took so long to get to this point, as the time you have invested so far seems justified only if you conclude this project - and there are only six weeks left. Time management is of the essence; do not think of this paper only when our class scheduled on Fridays, due to circumstances, occasionally is not cancelled; work on it every day. Send individual chapters / subchapters once you feel you are done with them.
(2) Title : A Comparison of the Destruction and Recovery Process of PolandĄ¯s Economy in the Two World Wars
A Comparison of War-Time Destruction and Post-War Recovery of Poland's Economy in/after WW I and WW II
(3) Chapter Titles V.A Comparison of Destruction V.B Comparison of Recovery Phases
V.2 Comparison of Phases of Destruction
(4) Missing subchapters : IV.1.3 The Movement of Population IV.1.3.1 Exodus of the Germans IV.1.3.2 Exodus of Ukrainians IV.1.3.3 Influx of Poles from Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania
(5) What borders of Poland do you have in Mind ? For chapter I they will include Posen, Galicia, Congress Poland. But you could want to include West Prussia, perhaps some governorates of what was to become Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine. Poland 1921-1939 included large territories which presently form part of Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine. In 1945 these territories were lost, but in exchange Poland got territory where Polish had not been spoken for centuries, from Germany. If you were to include these, you might want to add chapters on the history of the economy of these areas in chapters I, II, III. You need to discuss what area you, for the purpose of this paper, define as Poland.
I suggest to write about a core Poland, without the territories Poland lost to the USSR in 1939/1945 and without the territories gained from Germany in 1945. You decide if you want to include Danzig. You may include any of the Poland maps from my website in your paper.
(6) Look into the following pages of my website
http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/eceurope/xpoland.html http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/eceurope/xcgrpoland.html http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/eceurope/xposen.html http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/eceurope/xgalicia.html http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/eceurope/xdanzig.html http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/eceurope/xdanzig.html http://www.zum.de/whkmla/histatlas/eceurope/haxpoland.html http://www.zum.de/whkmla/histatlas/eceurope/haxcgrpoland.html
(7) I have reformulated your titles for pre-WW I Poland. Prussiaq 1815-1914 did not occupy Posen. Legally, and internationally recognized, it was Prussian (until 1848 a separate Grand Duchy with the King of Prussia the Grand Duke; since 1849 a Prussian province. Occupation is a temporary situation lacking legality.



September 26th 2008

Yesterday you showed confidence in your presentation. Just one point :
(1) 1917 new united currency introduced
No. The Kingdom of Poland Germany created from former Russian Poland did neither include Posen & Westpreussen (part of Germany) nor Galicia (part of Austria). The new currency introduced in 1917 was to become the basis for a unified currency once the country was unified.



September 24th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) Most of my points you implemented.
(2) Spelling : Goering-Werke : O umlaut, Danzing : Danzig, Shindler : Schindler
(3) Unfortunately, I wasn't able to obtain a similar estimate for the loss in industry. As a result, price inflation rose to over three hundred percent and food rationing and food shortages reduced the average diet to almost starvation levels.
avoid the usage of 'I'. Unfortunately, similar estimates for ... were unavailable.
(4) Although the Soviet Union occupied the eastern half of Poland, it was annexed by the Germans in little less than two years. Because of the brief time period, I wasnĄ¯t able to obtain much data about this region during the Soviet occupation and unfortunately will have to omit this part of history from my paper.
Not many data .., are available; ... has to be omitted in this paper.
Your frequent usage of 'I' in the explanation of the lack of data implies a Sorry-that-I- was-born-attitude.
(5) note 7 Quoted by George H. Stein, The Waffen SS (New York, 1966), 88.
Did you look into Stein ? If not, keep the note, but add : quoted after .....



September 17th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

okay



September 17th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

The strategy you apply, going through one book at a time / adding three more Wikipedia articles while leaving entire books unused, seems unproductive to me. The Country Study Poland is an encyclopedic account of Poland's history, with emphasis on the country's economy, and should be used while you write any chapter. Do parallel reading !



September 17th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) The usage of notes. (a) Notes 1, 2, 3, 10, 11 explain terms which may have seemed new to you. You write your paper with an interested, educated reader in mind; these notes are superfluous. (b) Table "Average Losses of Polish Agriculture, 1943 compared to 1938 ". I had to create the title, as you did not; double check if correct. This table cries out for a footnote; where did you obtain those data ?.
(2) In Chapter III you describe the changes in Poland's economy. I want you to look at this map : http://www.zum.de/whkmla/histatlas/eceurope/polandwwii.gif
In your paper, which Poland do you write about ? In chapter III.2 you do describe the administrative partition of the pre-June 1941 German held part of Poland, (a) but you fail to mention the Soviet-occuipied part. It is legitimate to focus on the German-held parts, but in case you do so, you should mention that you chose not to look at the other part.
(b) Back to your table : "Average Losses of Polish Agriculture, 1943 compared to 1938 " - what Poland are you referring to ? the Poland in her prewar borders, which were non-existant in 1943 ? The table requires an explanation.
(c) The most prominent is the extensive war damage and the loss in human lives. During the six years of war, over six million Poles died including the three million Polish Jews. This was nearly one-third of Poland's population and Poland was left with merely twenty four million inhabitants, the same as Poland's population in 1918.
Poland in 1918 had very different borders compared to 1946. Now, the vast majority of the areas Poland annexed from Germany left - Poland received largely vacant lands. On the other hand the territories Poland lost to the USSR had a population with an ethnic Lithuanian / Belorussian / Ukrainian majority. Only those inhabitants of these areas who felt Polish in 1945-1947 moved into Poland. But all, no matter if they spoke Lithuanian, Belorussian, Ukrainian, German or Polish, might have been included in the count of 1918. So double check what territory the data of 1918 refer to, and give a source for these data (note).
(3) General comment.
I am a bit under the impression that you try to use data you only partially understand. You sense this and you try to avoid the risk of misinterpretation by sticking close to your sources.
However, I think it would be better for you to try establish more distance from your sources, write in a combination of narrative and analytical style; use your sources where you need to back up your argumentation. Notes should not serve as a dictionary; they should serve as references supporting the point you try to make.



June 8th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

Tables 2, 3 : I added titles. Tables 2, 3 - what units ? kg ? value of production in Polish Mark ?
Table 3 : data of 1922 look suspicious. Souble-Check them with Mitchell, IHS.
In other aspects, the chapter looks solid.



June 8th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

Only one or 2 changes since the last time.
Sorry, by accident I erased the old Teachers' Log File.