Provinces and the Central Government in the ROK, 1948-2008


Korean Minjok Leadership Academy
LJH



Table of Contents


Bibliography, December 19th 2008
Sample Chapter, December 13th 2008
Working Table of Contents, November 27th 2008
Appendix 1 : Results of Presidential Elections, November 23rd 2008
Provinces and Central Government, September 11th 2008
History of Classical Music, September 6th 2008



Bibliography, December 19th 2008 . . Go to LJH's Log

The bibliography you posted at this stage is provisional. In the case of your project I expect that the number of non-encyclopedic publications, especially such in Korean language, will we significantly expanded.



Sample Chapter, December 13th 2008 . . Go to LJH's Log

(1) The spelling issue, as commented on Nov. 27th (2)
(2) The numerical data itself showed the somewhat irrecoverable conflict between two provinces
Irrecoverable = too strong. If it were, Jeolla-do might want to look for political independence.



Working Table of Contents, November 27th 2008 . . Go to LJH's Log

Overall it looks reasonable. Things to fix :
(1) conclusion . appendix . notes . bibliography.
(2) Koreans like to apply creative spelling when writing Korean names in English. You use both Jeolla-do, JullaDo; Wikipedia : Jeolla Do/Province. Chosun dynasty : Wikipedia spells it Joseon.
Use Wikipedia spelling throughout.
(3) Gwangju Incident. I don't like the term "incident"; if you lost your wallet, that is an incident, too. The Wikipedia article is titled Gwangju Democratization Movement, but that does not describe the 'incident' qualitatively. Gwangju Massacre.
(4) You have a vision for the future - elections of 20007 !
(5) In Korea, parties have often changed, split, merged, renamed themselves, been dissolved. In the course of your paper it may be necessary to give a brief history of the political landscape in the Republic of Korea (i.e. the history of the various parties).



Appendix 1 : Results of Presidential Elections, November 23rd 2008 . . Go to LJH's Log

(1) When transfering your file into html, I had to skip the Hangul terms as I do not know how to write Hangul in html. If you want ant text to be bilingual English/Hangul, you have to write is in paintbrush or a similar program; save the file as a gif file.
(2) Korean geographical and person names in English spelling : you can NOT create your own spelling of provinces or persons. Use terms as applied in the Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Administrative_divisions_of_South_Korea http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_South_Korea http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elections_in_South_Korea
It is legitimate to rearrange the order of a name, using a comma : Alexander Ganse => Ganse, Alexander. If you do so, the family name must come before the comma, the personal name after.
(3) Election data 1992 for Seoul and Gyunggi are identical; double check the data.
(4) In the elections of 1992-2002 the sums of the votes for the two candidates do not add up to 100 %; i.e. you omitted the scores for other candidates. That is legitimate, but you should add a footnote and explain why you omitted them.
(5) In case of all elections you list, an important piece of information is missing : voter participation. How many percent of the persons who had the right to vote, actually did vote ? I know, it may be difficult to find these data, for every province you discuss. But when you want to interprete these data, it is a factor to consider.

Here you have posted data. A start. What you should do next is (1) Write an Outline; explain what you want to do in this paper, with a rough table of contents and (2) write a provisional reference list. As I expect that reference list to mainly consist of Korean language sources, write it using paintbrush, as an image file.



Provinces and Central Government, September 11th 2008

In order to write your paper you have to access sources in Korean language, which I can not read.
The first stage : you should look for publications (books, websites etc.) on the history of the provinces of the ROK, and on the administrative history of the ROK. Establish a Working Reference List, as a gif file.
Write author and title in the original Hangul, and give translations in brackets.



History of Classical Music, September 6th 2008

As I do not understand music, I am not qualified to guide you in a paper which places the emphasis on "music" instead of "history". So the task we are confronted with is to specify the topic in a way which defines the topic as one fitting both of us.

One topic I could imagine as workable is The historical-mythological background operas used. Figaro - a late feudal society ; Aida - Greek history; Wagner : romanticized Germanic history
These stories had a function in the political discourse of the day; the Figaro criticized the privileged nobility as parasitical. Verdi's operas were sympathetic with Italy's Risorgimento. Wagner similarily identified with the movement striving for German unification, but at the same time was an outspoken Anti-Semite.
At the same time such a paper could show a shift of the opera as designed to please an audience at court to one appealing to bourgeois society; a change in patronage. For comparison, read : Arnold Hauser, Social History of Art.

Another possible topic : The Social Background of Elite Music. In the 18th century, Italy dominated the scene; most composers were Italians, until Mozart all operas were written in Italian, Italian musicians were hired by the courts of Europe as court composers/musicians; others toured Europe. The piano was invented in Italy.
What infrastructure made Italy the "country of (pre-)classical music ?
By the way : BBC News presently shows a 5-part series called : Visionaries, trying to determine who was the most visionary composer of the classical period; today (Sept. 8th) they featured Bach and Handel.

Another possible topic : The state as patron of classical music. Verdi wrote Aida because the Khedve of Egypt, on the occasion of the operning of the Suez Canal, commissioned the opera. Metternich offered Beethoven to commission a symphony. Why did states, at this time, regard investment in compositions as PR ?

If you want me to guide your paper, music may be the topic, but the emphasis must be on social or political history.