History of the Comfort Women

Korean Minjok Leadership Academy

Table of Contents

December 5th 2009
October 19th 2009
December 21st 2008
December 21st 2008
November 27th 2008
November 26th 2008
November 9th 2008
September 3rd 2008

December 5th 2009 . go to JBS' Log

(1) 'Comfort Women', "Comfort Houses' are names, and key terms in your paper. Sometimes you capitalize them, sometimes not. Capitalize them consistently throughout your paper.
(2) for the many comfort women quotes, give references. If there is a name behind the quote, some readers might accept it without a note; if the source is given as (anonymous), a reference is necessary. You need to prove how you come to know it.
(3) check the references with what we posted long ago on your log. Do you need to add on the originally posted reference list ?

October 19th 2009 . go to JBS' Log

(1) table 1 Southern Joseon, Northern Joseon
You write in English. Expect your readers to scratch their heads, asking themselves : where the hell is that ? For 1945, Southern Korea, Northern Korea more appropriate.
(2) weird English :
(a) ¡°comfort women¡± were present in nearly everywhere Japanese military was deployed
everywhere => anywhere where
(b) Except, Japanese mainland hosted relatively small number of ¡°comfort women¡± since the Geishas mainly treated the soldiers there.
the Japanese mainland
(c) The other 40% were scattered in Joseon, Indochinese Peninsula, and Pacific Islands.
scattered over
(d) due to small local Geisha population.
the small local ..
(e) Japanese military at the end of Pacific War can be divided into four groups. The Southern quarter took charge of Philippine, Malaysia, Thailand, Borneo Islands, Burma, and etc..
The Southern Quarter was responsible for the Japanese military stationed in ....
(f) As soon as the news of Emperor¡¯s surrender arrived, Japanese soldiers hastily returned to their homeland. Just like they did not know what was going on when they were drafted, the ¡®comfort women¡¯ were left unaware of the situation.
Just as the "comfort women" had not known what was going on when they were drafted, now again they were left unaware of the situation.
(g) It carried out extensive return plan
an extensive return plan (repatriation plan)
(h) The managers of ¡°comfort houses¡± left the women behind without notification too.
Even the managers of the "comfort houses" left the women behind without any notification.
(i) Some begged or searched food from garbages.
the word "garbage" has no plural
(j) some leaned to few friendly inhabitants
leant on
(k) They were pessimistic that their family would welcome them if they find out what had happened.
They feared that ...
(l) they chose not to take an adventure of going back to where they were uncertain of the future.
not to risk going back ...
(m) It must be noted that the ¡°comfort women¡± felt extremely humiliated about themselves.
skip "about themselves"
(n) they blamed themselves and even referred themselves as whores.
referred to themselves
(o) or give up returning home.
give up on the idea of going home
(3) Let me play the role of "advocatus diaboli" :
You estimate the number of "comfort women" as about 200,000.
Despite the fact that they were smuggled and raped contrary to their will,
This is doubtlessly the case with the vast majority of these "comfort women". But can you know for certain that "against their will" applies to all of them ? If the Japanese authorities do have documentation that a few comfort women accepted their fate willingly, they can prove you wrong. "They", meaning all of them, is too strong.
(4) The title is "Comfort Women after the War". But you refer exclusively to Korean "Comfort Women". If you do so on purpose, you might want to rephrase the title.
(5) I need the map as a separate image file.
(6) Source: (Translation needed) ????

December 21st 2008 . go to JBS' Log

(1) If you subdivide a chapter, there should be at least two subchapters.
(2) I understood that you were to focus on how the comfort women tried to adjust to life after the war.
Your table of contents reads as if you shifted focus - how the issue became a public one.
I recommend that you emphasize chapters II, III, IV.1 and IV.2.

December 21st 2008 . go to JBS' og

(1) Give that table of yours a title. Give a reference - where did you take these data from ?
(2) column "parity"; I do not get that; perhaps you mean "condition" ?
(3) explain by what criteria these 35 cases were selected; as far as I understand, there were 100,000s of Korean comfort women alone, so why 35 and why these ?
(4) explain why cases are included in which not even the name is given. Keep in mind, you want to convince your readers, even if they are Japanese. A case in which we do not even know the name of the person may be regarded rather shaky evidence.
(5) what do these circles (O ) stand for ?

November 27th 2008 . go to JBS' og

do not exclude the few sources available in English. Although they may not be informative to you, as you have access to better sources in Korean, some of your readers may want to read more, but can not read Korean.

November 26th 2008

CNN just reported the documentary "63 Years On" (on Comfort Women; director Kim Dong Won) won an award for best documentary

November 9th 2008

Check here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_war_apology_statements_issued_by_Japan

September 3rd 2008

As you have to take on where Yeji stopped, here what I am not satisfied with in her paper :

Organization : Yeji planned to deal even more intensively with the history of the Comfort Women after the end of WW II - none of this has been written. May I suggest chapters on
(1) The Korean ethical value system which caused the returning Comfort Women to remain silent for decades.
(2) The history of the discussion of the topic in Korean society (newspaper coverage)
(3) The history of individuals and organizations taking up the issue and doing something about it. Here I expect a sub-chapter on the history of the house of sharing.

Analysis : Ch.I. The Low Status and Little Recognition of Women in Japanese Tradition
Yeji oversimplifies, uses a quote to prove her prejudice right rather than doing an extensive study to come up with a fair judgment. In such a chapter the reader expects either a thorough study (judgment should be expressed in concluding paragraph to that chapter, not in the title). If you are not willing to spend that effort, skip the chapter.

Technicalities : (1) Ch. II Japanese prostitutes had their origin in the subjugated or the slaves. In Japan, human trade and human plunder had started from the Nara period, when public sale of slaves was approved. During Muromachi period .. give the data of Nara Period and Muromachi Period in brackets, and of other periods which may be mentioned. Do not expect your reader to be an expert in Japanese of Korean history (though some of your readers may be).
(2) Ch.II In Joseon, Japan first introduced state-regulated prostitution in Busan, the first open port, in 1881 (8). .. The first time you mention Joseon, you might want to explain that this refers to Japanese-annexed Korea.
(3) Yeji failed to give her sources (notes, where notes were required; references in reference list). I included note numbers in the text.

Procedure : You fix Yeji's paper; we will credit Yeji with the paper and add, in an introduction, a comment explaining that you have revised it. Yeji's paper ends with the end of World War II.
You write the History of the Comfort Women since 1945, as a separate paper building up on Yeji's paper.

How : (1) pick a major Korean newspaper, search for articles which deal with the issue. Important : when was "the silence broken"; when were demands for compensation first made ..
(2) Create a Working Reference List as you proceed. Most of your sources will be in Korean language, so create the text in paintbrush as a gif file. I don't know how to create a Hangul language text with occasional Chinese characters in html. Give the data in Hangul/Hanzha and add an English translation in brackets.
(3) Create a Working Table of Contents. These should be the first two items you post.