The Superpower Intervention in Hungarian Revolution of 1956


Korean Minjok Leadership Academy
PH



Table of Contents


Oct. 24th 2011
Dec. 14th 2010
Dec. 14th 2010
Dec. 14th 2010



Oct. 24th 2011 . go to PH's Log

(1) Title The 1956 Hungarian Revolution and the West: Involvements and Reflections has your reader impy that the involvement happened during the revolution. Hungarian readers then may point out : it was more of a promised involvement and broken promise; what involvement was there rather took place prior to the revolution.
(2) After World War II, the Soviet Army occupied Hungary, and the country came under the Soviet sphere of influence. not after, during.
(3) Hungary suffered from economic problems. hyperinflation in 1946.
(4) and in June 1956, Polish public succeeded in earning concessions from the Soviet Union through a violent uprising do you mean "the Polish People's Republic" ?
(5) Korean War was one of the occasions where the U.S. adopted active rollback policy. The Korean War, am active rollback policy. As far as I understand, MacArthur provoked China to enter the War because he wanted to "roll back Communism in Asia". A policy not approved by Pres. Truman and discontinued after MacArthur's dismissal.
(6) The United States, at that time, was eager to increase its influence on oil-rich Middle East that was generally close to the Soviet Union.
Who was close to the USSR ? Turkey, Iraq and Iran joined an alliance with the U.S. directed against the USSR. Israel was pro U.S., Saudi Arabia was a monarchy economically dependent on U.S. oil companies. Egypt prior to the Suez crisis held its options open, but had not yet decided for an alliance with the USSR. In case of Syria I would have to check, but your statement seems to me not tenable.
(7) For this reason the United States got involved in Suez Crisis, trying to persuade Egypt to join the anti-communist ally. you mean alliance or allies
(8) Egypt, however, remained without taking any side between the US and the USSR. Actually, Nasser interpreted the U.S. action as it betraying its closest ally (Britain) and thus decided to establish close relations with the USSR. You have any sources on Egypt in your reference list ?
(9) In his press conference on 14 November, 1956, Eisenhower made following commentaries:
plural awkward : Eisenhower gave the following comment
(10) ¡°But I must make one thing clear: the United States doesn¡¯t know, and never has, advocated open rebellion by an undefended populace against force over which they could not possibly prevail. Reads awkward. Did you write "know" where you mean "now" ?
(11) Under the influence of the Cold War, Europe was divided into two: skip 'in two'; there were countries such as Switzerland, Sweden, Austria.
(12) Your interpretation : in media such as RIAS, RFE etc. a lot of emigres were speaking .. they may have had their own agenda, tolerated, financed, even even encouraged by U.S. institutions. To Hungarian listeners it was "the U.S." speaking; perhaps you want to bring up this distinction.
(13) ¡°After World War II, the Soviet Union used military force to impose on the nations of Eastern Europe, governments of Soviet choice ? servants of Moscow. It has been consistent U.S. policy to seek to end this situation¡¦ that these countries, over-run by wartime armies, would once again know sovereignty and self government. We could not, of course, carry out this policy by resort to force. Such force would have been contrary both to the best interests of the Eastern European peoples and to the abiding principles of the United Nations. But we did help to keep alive the hope of these peoples for freedom.¡± [italics added] (23)
I plan to put all direct quotes in Italics. Therefore I propose to underline the phrase you want to emphasize.
Overall : thorough analysis. You have learned to be concise, to support your argumentation with substantial evidence.
I hope you have such evidence for the newsreels the titles of which you listed in your text.



Dec. 14th 2010 . go to PH's Log

(1) Nagy and the revolutionist convicted ¡°guilty of treason
which revolutionist ? By the way, it is "revolutionary", not "revolutionist"
(2) Kadar goes under Nagy instead
I don't get this one, rephrase



Dec. 14th 2010 . go to PH's Log

(1) 4. Memoirs, Jozsef Cardinal Mindszenty, 1974
Check in which language these memoirs were written, in which language they were first published and when; 1974 may not be the original date of publication. When do they end ?
(2) 7. CIA Released Documents from http://www.faqs.org/cia/index.html
Too general. List specific archivalia pertaining to Hungary.
(3) 9. George Washington University National Security Archive http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/
Too general. List specific archivalia pertaining to Hungary.



Dec. 14th 2010 . go to PH's Log

(1) Title suggests that you examine the intervention of both the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.; title needs to be rephrased. As U.S. intervention is difficult to trace and prove, how about : Title : The Hungarian Revolution 1956 and the West, Subtitle : Reflections of and Involvement in by Western Media and Intelligence Agencies
(2) Chapter III : Foreign Intervention Tactics
I wonder. Radio Free Europe was more than a source of news at the time; it was an instrument of propaganda, so it would fit under your chapter title. The Newsreels, as well as Life Magazine, were directed at English language viewers and readers, so if they were not a pure source of information, any propaganda inherent in their coverage would be intended to address recipients abroad, and thus do not qualify as interfering in Hungary in any way.
I suggest : rephrase title of chapter III.
By the way : communist East Germany forbade the import of printed items. I assume Hungary did the same, so there will not have been many readers of "Life Magazine" in Hungary.
(3) Only if there is a chapter 1.1.2 can you open a chapter 1.1.1. If not, merge 1.1 and 1.1.1 into one.