The North-South Divide and Margaret Thatcher, by Kim, Changhyun, Oct 2005


Statistics of the Divide


In 1966, per capita GDP for the South was 104.5% of the national average, while that for the North was 93.5%. By 1976, the North-South gap had closed a little bit, in part due to regional policy. That year, the South had per capita GDP of 104% of the national average, while the North had 94.4%.
At some point between 1976 and 1981, the North-South gap began to widen, and by 1981, the gap was wider than it was in 1976. In 1981, GDP per head in the North was 92.5% of the national average and that for the South was 107.1% of the national average. By 1990, the gap had widened further, and the South was at 108.7% and the North was at 89.8% of the national average.
A similar pattern is apparent in GDP by region. In 1966, the South accounted for 60.3% of the economy. In 1976, it accounted for only 59.3%. But in 1987, it accounted for 62% of the national economy, and by 1990, it accounted for 62.7%.
The North had a much higher unemployment rate. The average unemployment rate in the South during the period 1980-1984 was 7.1%, while that for the North was 10.8%. For 1985-1989, it was 7.6% for the South but 12.1% for the North.
Overall, the South experienced average annual growth of 2.6% between 1980 to 1989, but the North experienced average annual growth of only 1.9% during the same period.

Kim, Changhyun
December 2005





EXTERNAL
FILES
I used the following sources in addition to the sources I used for Thatcherism

North-South Divide in the United Kingdom, from Wikipedia
Economic Geography of the United Kingdom, from Wikipedia
REFERENCE The following books were used in addition to the books I used for Thatcherism

Smith, North and South: Britain's Economic Social and Political Divide, Penguin Books, 1994, 375 pages
Harrison and Hart, Spatial Policy in a Divided Nation, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 1993, 304 pages
Cairncross, The British Economy Since 1945, Blackwell Publishers, 1994, 338 pages