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Maps as Historical Sources


Korean Minjok Leadership Academy
WHKMLA, 2012



USEFUL REFERENCES
OLD MAPS & ATLASES, CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVE : BY COUNTRY
General
World, Europe, Asia, Africa, Americas, Oceania
Specialist
Linguistics, Religion, Urban History, Mining, Ecology, Economy, Transportation
II. MAPS AND ATLASES MADE BY HISTORIANS, WITH HINDSIGHT : BY COUNTRY
World, Europe, Asia, Africa, Americas, Oceania


0.) USEFUL REFERENCES
International Cartographic Association : National Members
UNESCO, Map Agencies
United Nations Cartographic Section, Department of Field Support


I.) OLD MAPS & ATLASES, CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVE : BY COUNTRY
I.a) General


I.a.a) The World
SCANS OF PRINTED OLD ATLASES : Note : the following concentrate on Europe, but do contain maps refering to non-Europe
Herisson, Atlas portatif, M. Witkam (atlassen.info) posts edition of 1806, in French
Milner's Descriptive Atlas, 1850, maproom
Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, Family Atlas 1876, maproom
R. Andree, Andrees Handatlas; M. Witkam (atlassen.info) posts 9 editions 1881-1937, in German
Stielers Handatlas; M. Witkam (atlassen.info) posts 1st to 7th and 10th edition (1834-1889, 1925-), in German; maproom posts 9th edition 1891
A.F. Marks, Atlas Marksa, M. Witkam (atlassen.info) posts 2nd edition 1910, in Russian
The Times Atlas, M. Witkam (atlassen.info) posts editions of 1905 and 1910
M. Witkam (atlassen.info) has posted more old atlases; website in Dutch and English
maproom has posted more old atlases

COLLECTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL OLD MAPS :
David Rumsey Historical Map Collection, huge collection of maps from the 15th century until today, focus pre-19th century
Atlas of Mutual Heritage, posts historical Dutch maps, mostly of locations which used to be Dutch colonies, focus 17th to 18th century
Probert Encyclopedia, Internet Map Archive, has scans mostly of political maps featuring countries, from c.1880 to c.1938, geographic range : entire world
Discus Media, the 1900 Map Collection, has mostly city plans and topographic maps, mostly European, late 19th, early 20th century
(U.S.) Army Map Service Topographic Map Series, posted by PCL, UTexas; maps covering areas outside of the U.S.; maps dating from 1940s to 1970s
Category : Old Maps, Wikimedia Commons; "old" refers to 70 years old or older; huge collection; its composition somewhat coincidential; description of individial maps not always scholarly

I.a.b) Europe
SCANS OF PRINTED OLD ATLASES :
E. Hertslet, The Map of Europe by Treaty, 3 vols. 1875, maproom
COLLECTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL OLD MAPS :
University of Alabama, Historical Maps of Europe

I.a.c) Asia
COLLECTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL OLD MAPS :
University of Alabama, Historical Maps of Asia, South Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, Middle East

I.a.d) Africa
SCANS OF PRINTED OLD ATLASES :
E. Hertslet, The Map of Africa by Treaty, vol.2 1894, IA, vol.3 1896, IA
COLLECTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL OLD MAPS :
University of Alabama, Historical Maps of Africa, North Africa, West Africa, Central & South Africa

I.a.e) The Americas COLLECTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL OLD MAPS :
University of Alabama, Historical Maps of Middle America, South America, Northern South America, West-Central S.Am., Southern S.Am.

I.a.f) Oceania


I.b) Specialist
I.b.a) Linguistic
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
Ethnologue maps
Linguistic maps from Muturzikin
Titus : Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien language maps

I.b.b) Religious
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
Atlas of Religions, Wikimedia Commons
SCANS OF PRINTED OLD ATLASES :
K. Streit, Atlas Hierarchicus, 1913 edition, atlassen.info, in German
Church Missionary Atlas, 1879, maproom

I.b.c) Urban History
COLLECTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL OLD MAPS :
Discus Media, the 1900 Map Collection, has mostly city plans and topographic maps, mostly European, late 19th, early 20th century
Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Historic Cities

I.b.d) Mining
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
U.S. Geological Service, International Minerals Statistics and Information, click "maps"

I.b.e) Ecology
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
WWF, Terrestrial Ecoregions

I.b.f) Economy
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
PBS, Interactive historical atlas of economic development from 1910 to the present

I.b.g) Transportation
SCANS OF PRINTED OLD ATLASES :
J. Cary, Cary's New Itinerary 1817, Coach Routes England and Wales

II. MAPS AND ATLASES MADE BY HISTORIANS, WITH HINDSIGHT : BY COUNTRY


II.a) The World
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
T. Lessman, Talessman's Atlas : World History Maps from 550 BC until 1500 AD
G. Belavoine, Atlas Historique, has maps covering history from 1815 onward
J. de Salas Vara del Rey, Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age
SCANS OF PRINTED HISTORICAL ATLASES : Note : the following concentrate on European history, but do contain maps refering to non-European history
K. Spruner, T. Menke, Hand-Atlas für die Geschichte des Mittelalters und die neueren Zeit 1880 edition, Gotha, in German, maproom
R. Andree (ed.), Droysens Allgemeiner Historischer Handatlas 1886 edition, Bielefeld, in German, maproom
R. Lane-Poole, Historical Atlas of Modern Europe, 1902 edition, maproom
F. W. Putzgers Historischer Schul-Atlas, 1905, Leipzig, in German, maproom
Charles Colbeck (ed.), The Public Schools Historical Atlas, 1905 edition, London, PCL, UTexas
William Shepherd (ed.), Historical Atlas, 1911 edition, 1923 edition (New York) (includes maps which appeared in the 1926 edition), PCL, UTexas
Cambridge Modern History Atlas 1912, maproom


II.b) Europe
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
Euratlas Periodis, has maps showing the political situation for every turn of the century from 1 A.D. to 2000 A.D.
Omniatlas, has maps showing the political situation on specific dates, ranging from 1894 to 2011
IEG Maps : Europe 1500-2008, has maps of the political situation for 1500, 1555, 1580, 1618, 1648, 1668, 1699, 1714, 1718, 1721, 1748, 1772, 1775, 1789, 1793, 1795, 1804, 1806a, 1806b, 1812a, 1812b, 1820, 1830, 1839, 1848, 1861, 1867, 1871, 1878, 1881, 1885, 1908, 1911, 1913, 1914, 1921, 1923, 1929, 1937, 1949, 1957, 1964, 1975, 1989, 1993, 2003a, 2003b, 2007, 2008
G. von Hebel, The Historical Atlas of Europe. The development of Europe's modern states from 1519 to 2006
SCANS OF PRINTED HISTORICAL ATLASES :
K. Spruner, T. Menke, Hand-Atlas für die Geschichte des Mittelalters und die neueren Zeit 1880 edition, Gotha, in German, maproom
R. Andree (ed.), Droysens Allgemeiner Historischer Handatlas 1886 edition, Bielefeld, in German, maproom
R. Lane-Poole, Historical Atlas of Modern Europe, 1902 edition, maproom
F. W. Putzgers Historischer Schul-Atlas, 1905, 1914, Leipzig, in German, maproom
Charles Colbeck (ed.), The Public Schools Historical Atlas, 1905 edition, London, PCL, UTexas
William Shepherd (ed.), Historical Atlas, 1911 edition, 1923 edition (New York) (includes maps which appeared in the 1926 edition), PCL, UTexas
Cambridge Modern History Atlas 1912, maproom
COLLECTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL MAPS :
Probert Encyclopedia, The Changing Political Map of Europe

EUROPE PRESENT STATES : Albania . Austria . Belarus . Belgium . Bosnia and Herzegovina . Bulgaria . Croatia . Czech Republic . Denmark . Estonia . Finland . France . Germany . Greece . Hungary . Iceland . Ireland . Italy . Kosovo . Latvia . Liechtenstein . Lithuania . Luxemburg . Macedonia . Malta . Montenegro . the Netherlands . Norway . Poland since 1918 . Portugal . Romania . Russia . Serbia . Slovakia . Slovenia . Spain . Sweden . Switzerland . Ukraine . United Kingdom
HISTORIC ENTITIES : Alsace-Lorraine . Austria-Hungary 1867-1918 . Czechoslovakia 1918-1992 . Dutch Republic 1579-1795 . Germany 1871-1945 . Kingdom of Hungary 1000-1919 . Rumelia (Ottoman) 1330-1912 . Russian Empire 1689-1917 . USSR 1922-1991 . Yugoslavia 1918-1993 .
ADMINISTRATIVE ENTITIES : Bremen . England . Hamburg . Hessen . Niedersachsen . Nordrhein-Westfalen . Rheinland-Pfalz . Saarland . Schleswig-Holstein . Scotland .

II.c) Asia
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
J. de Salas Vara del Rey, Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age : Arabia, China, India, Indochina, Insulindia, Iran and Afghanistan, Middle East, USSR
WHKMLA Historical Atlas, Southeast Asia 1650-2005, South Asia 1870-2002, Western Central Asia 1870-2002
SCANS OF PRINTED HISTORICAL ATLASES :
J.E. Schwartzberg (ed.), A Historical Atlas of South Asia, 1978 edition, Chicago, DSAL

EAST ASIA PRESENT STATES : PR China . Japan . South Korea . Taiwan
HISTORICAL ENTITIES : Hong Kong . Korea (pre-partition) . Manchuria . Tibet .
SOUTHEAST ASIA PRESENT STATES : Brunei . Burma . Cambodia . Indonesia . Laos . Malaysia . Philippines . Singapore . Thailand . Timor Leste . Vietnam
HISTORICAL ENTITIES : Dutch East Indies . French Indochina .
SOUTH ASIA PRESENT STATES : Bangladesh . Bhutan . India . Nepal . Pakistan . Sri Lanka
HISTORICAL ENTITIES British India 1857-1947 .
CENTRAL ASIA PRESENT STATES : Afghanistan . Kazakhstan . Kyrgyzstan . Mongolia . Tajikistan . Turkmenistan . Uzbekistan
MIDDLE EAST PRESENT STATES : Armenia . Azerbaijan . Bahrain . Cyprus . Egypt . Georgia . Iran . Iraq . Israel . Jordan . Kuwait . Lebanon . Oman . Palestinian National Authority . Qatar . Saudi Arabia . Syria . Turkey . United Arab Emirates . Yemen
HISTORICAL ENTITIES : Hejaz . Ottoman Anatolia 1300-1920 . Ottoman Empire 1300-1924 . Ottoman Syria 1517-1918 . Palestine 1917-1948 .

II.d) Africa
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
J. de Salas Vara del Rey, Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age : Africa
SCANS OF PRINTED HISTORICAL ATLASES :
COLLECTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL MAPS :
Probert Encyclopedia, The Changing Map of Africa

NORTH AFRICA Algeria . Libya . Morocco . Tunisia . Western Sahara
TO MIDDLE EAST Egypt
EAST AFRICA Burundi . Comoro Islands . Djibouti . Eritrea . Ethiopia . Kenya . Madagascar . Mauritius . Mayotte . Rwanda . Seychelles . Somalia . Somaliland . Sudan . Tanzania . Uganda
HISTORICAL ENTITIES : German East Africa . Zanzibar .
SOUTHERN AFRICA Botswana . Lesotho . Malawi . Moçambique . Namibia . South Africa . Swaziland . Zambia . Zimbabwe
HISTORICAL ENTITIES : Natal . Zululand .
CENTRAL AFRICA PRESENT STATES : Angola . Central African Republic . Chad . D.R. Congo (-Leopoldville) . P.R. Congo (-Brazzaville) . Equatorial Guinea . Gabon . Sao Tome e Principe .
HISTORICAL ENTITIES : French Equatorial Africa .
WEST AFRICA Benin . Burkina Faso . Cameroon . Cape Verde . Gambia . Ghana . Guinee . Guinea-Bissau . Ivory Coast . Liberia . Mali . Mauritania . Niger . Nigeria . Sao Tome e Principe . Senegal . Sierra Leone . Togo
HISTORICAL ENTITIES : French West Africa

II.e) The Americas
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
J. de Salas Vara del Rey, Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age : North America, South America
SCANS OF PRINTED HISTORICAL ATLASES :

CARIBBEAN Anguilla . Antigua & Barbuda . Bahamas . Barbados . Bermuda . British Virgin Islands . Cayman Islands . Cuba . Dominica . Dominican Republic . Grenada . Guadeloupe . Haiti . Jamaica . Martinique . Montserrat . Netherlands Antilles . Puerto Rico . St. Kitts & Nevis . St. Lucia . St. Vincent . Trinidad & Tobago . Turks & Caicos Islands . U.S. Virgin Islands
CENTRAL AMERICA Belize . Costa Rica . El Salvador . Guatemala . Honduras . Mexico . Nicaragua . Panama
SOUTH AMERICA Argentina . Bolivia . Brazil . Chile . Colombia . Ecuador . Falkland Islands . French Guyana . Guyana . Paraguay . Peru . Suriname . Uruguay . Venezuela .

II.f) Oceania
ATLASES CONCEIVED FOR THE WEB :
J. de Salas Vara del Rey, Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age : Commonwealth (title misleading, maps on Australia, the Pacific Islands, also maps on Indian Ocean islands)
SCANS OF PRINTED HISTORICAL ATLASES :

OCEANIA Australia . French Polynesia . Guam . Hawaii . New Zealand .


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