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Gubernia Kherson Gubernia Taurida
First posted on February 16th 2008, last revised on July 23rd 2010

History and Administrative Division . Ekaterinoslav Gubernia was established in 1802, predecessor Novorossiya (1764-1783, 1796-1802); defunct 1917-1918. Its territory were divided by Ukraine (bulk) and the RSFSR (east), both founding members of the USSR in 1922. Ekaterinoslav Gubernia bordered on the Oblast of the Don Host in the east, on Taurida Gubernia in the south, on Kherson Gubernia in the west, on Poltava and Kharkov Gubernia in the north.
Ekaterinoslav Gubernia was divided in 8 districts (Uyezds) : Ekaterinoslav, Verkhnodneprovsk, Bakhmut, Novomoskovsk, Alexandrovsk, Pavlograd, Slavyanoserbsk and Rostov on the Don; in 1874 Mariupol Uyezd was split from Alexandrovsk Uyezd; in 1887 Rostov on the Don Uyezd was transferred to Oblast of the Don Host. (Wikipedia : Yekaterinoslav G.).
The Zemstvo constitution was introduced in 1866, providing for a degree of autonomy. The Zemstvo councils were dominated by noble owners of estates (EOU : Zemstvo).

Population . The population in 1811 was 666,000, in 1840 835,000, in 1867 1,281,500, in 1885 1,792,800, in 1914 3,456,000 (Lahmeyer). Ekaterinoslav Gubernia was affected by the Crimean War 1853-1856, which not only brought war-related casualties, but also pandemics such as cholera. The population figures do reflect a considerable level of immigration. Immigrants were mainly Ukrainians and Russians (in the east), further Armenians, Serbs, Romanians, Albanians, Germans, Greeks, Gypsies. By religion most were Russian Orthodox, next came Jews, Protestants, Armenian Christians, Roman Catholics, Old Believers. In 1864 the Azov Cossack Host, hitherto living in the area between Berdyansk and Mariupol, was resettled beyond the Sea of Azov and merged with the Kuban Cossack Host.

Economy . In 1884, 53 % of the area was farmland, 40 % pastorage, 2 % forest. Main agricultural products were grain and potatoes. Animal husbandry was of importance. Mining : Salt, bog iron, coal (Donets Coal Field) were produced. In 1882 there were 727 factories with a combined workforce of 16,126 industrial workers. The leading industries were tobacco processing, production of mill supplies, an iron foundry, brick and tallow production, distilleries, breweries, machine production (Meyer).

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
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P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
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Country Profiles Current Article Yekaterinoslav Governorate, from Wikipedia
Article Katerynoslav Gubernia, from Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Article Ekaterinoslavskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Governments : Ekaterinoslav, from EB 1911
Articles : Jekaterinoslaw, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary EOA : Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Ekaterinoslav Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Ekaterinoslav
Ethnography Languages of Ukraine, from Ethnologue
Religion Article Protestants in Ukraine, Russian Mennonite, History of the Jews in Ukraine, from Wikipedia
Jewish History of Ukraine, by Daniel Romanowski
Article Ukrainian Orthodox Church, from Wikipedia
History, from Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Early Russian Mennonite History, by C. Henry Smith (1927)
Search Gameo for Ekaterinoslav Oblast
History of Regions Articles Pale of Settlement, Azov Cossack Host, from Wikipedia; Pale of Settlement, from Jewish Virtual Library
Local History Articles Dnipropetrovsk : History (Yekaterinoslav), Artemivsk : History (Bakhmut), Mariupol : History, Novompskovsk, Pavlohrad, Rostov : History, History of Taganrog, Verkhnodniprovsk, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Ukraine : Dnipropetrovsk, Luhansk

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Ukraine, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections Berichte und Gesuche, welche an die Staatsregierung in Angelegenheiten der deutsxchen Landgemeinden in Suedrussland gerichtet wurden, Samuel Kludt (1882) 1898 GenWiki Digitale Bibliothek Project 2007-
Russia - Belarus - Ukraine - Uzbekistan Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Historical Maps Government Ekaterinoslav etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Ekaterinoslav Gubernia, no date, posted by Wikimedia, another map of E.G., no date, posted by Wikimedia, both after 1887, in Russian
Maps : Ekaterinoslav, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Governments : Ekaterinoslav, Cities : Ekaterinoslav, Mariupol, Bakhmut, Novomoskovsk, from EB 1911
Articles Jekaterinoslaw, Alexandrowsk, Bachmut, Mariupol, Nowomoskowsk, Pawlograd, Rostow, Slawänoserbsk, Taganrog, Werchne-Dnjeprowsk, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Yekaterinoslaf, Rostof, Novomoskovsk, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906 edition
Geographical Das Gouvernement Jekaterinoslaw, pp.509-511 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Jekaterinoslaw, pp.257-261 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Ekaterinoslav pp.21-22
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Archives of Ukraine
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Ekaterinoslav Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Ekaterinoslav Bibliography of works by Lyudmilla Malenko, mainly on the Azov Cossack Host
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific Electronic Library of Ukrainian Literature
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts M. and M. Guthrie, A tour, performed in the years 1795-6, through the Taurida, or Crimea, the antient kingdom of Bosphorus, the once-powerful republic of Tauric Cherson, and all the other countries on the north shore of the Euxine, ceded to Russia by the peace of Kainardgi and Jassy (1802), posted on Internet Archive
Historical Dictionary Kohut, Zenon E., Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Rowman & Littlefield 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.7 K79h

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