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Imperialism | Colonial Policy

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Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook), edited by the German Colonial Society, 1918, The German Protectorates.
The German Protectorates.

 

I. The Protectorates' White Population in 1912.

protectorate square in 1000 sq km adults children total population total.
male female male female male female
D.-Ostafrika 997  3,536  1,075 374   351 3,910   1,446 5,336
Kamerun 790  1,560  230 40   41 1,600   271  1,871
Togo 87.2  300  66  1 301   67  368
D.-Südwestafrika 835.1  8,530 3,058 1,617  1,625 10,147  4,683  14,830
D.-Neuguinea  
Bismarck-Archipel 242.5 660 214 43 51 703 265 968
Kaiser-Wilhelmsland
Island Region, Wastern Part 195 52 7 10 202 62 264
Western Part 157 23 6 9 163 32 195
Samoa 2.6 385 99 30 43 415 142 557
total 1912 2,907.4 15,323 4,817 2,118 2,131 17,441 6,948 24,389

II. Our Colonies' Coloured Population in 1912.

Togo has (in part based on census, in part on estimates) 1,031,715 indigenous and non-indigenous coloureds, Kamerun (census and estimate) 4,148,000, Südwestafrika 81,457 (without the Ovambos), Ostafrika has 7,645,000 indigenous and 14,898 non-indigenous coloureds, Neu-Guinea (estimates) 600.000, Samoa 33,550 aborigines and 2,452 Chinese and Melanesian workers, so that the combined coloured population of our colonies numbers slightly over 13 millionen.

(p.10) 

III. Total Trade of our Protectorates in 1912.

Protectorates

Export (Mark) Import (Mark) total (Mark)
African Protectorates      
Deutsch-Ostafrika 50,309,164 31,418,382 81,727,546
Kamerun 34,241,582 23,336,212 57,577,794
Togo 11,427,831 9,958,903 21,386,734
Deutsch-Südwestafrika 32,498,899 39,035,340 71,534,236
total  128,477,476 103,748,837 231,226,313

 

transfer 128,477,476 103,748,837 231,226,313
Deutsch-Neuguinea
Bismarck Archipelago and Kaiser Wilhelmsland 5,871,840 5,041,106 10,912,946
East Carolinas and Marshall Islands 1,962,632 5,163,686 7,126,318
West Carolinas, Palau, Marianas 1,372,587 1,882,014 3,154,601
together  9,207,059 12,086,806 21,293,865
Samoa 4,994,401 5,044,485 10,038,886
total 1912 142,678,936 120,880,128 263,559,064

 

Hamburg's trade with the German Protectorates (1905 u. 1912).

A. Import (Mark.)

from Deutsch-Ostafrika 5,3 millions 26,3 millions
from Kamerun 10,7 millions 28,1 millions
from Togo 3,0 millions 6,8 millions
from Deutsch-Südwestafrika 0,2 millions 2,3 millions
from the Bismarck-Archipel 0,6 millions 4,6 millions
from Deutsch-Neuguinea 0,06 millions 0,9 millions
from theKarlonien, Marianen u. Palauinseln 0,3 millions 1,0 millions
from the Marshallinseln 0,2 millions 0,6 millions
from Samoa 1,0 millions 3,6 millions

sum

21,3 millions 74,2 millions

 

B. Export (Mark.)

to Deutsch-Ostafrika 5,7 millions 16,7 millions
to Kamerun 8,5 millions 21,0 millions
to Togo 3,2 millions 4,6 millions
to Deutsch-Südwestafrika 16,8 millions 18,3 millions
to the Bismarck-Archipel 0,3 millions 0,9 millions
to Deutsch-Neuguinea 0,06 millions 0,4 millions
to the Karlonien, Marianen u. Palauinseln 0,09 millions 0,2 millions
to the Marshallinseln 0,2 millions 0,1 millions
to Samoa 0,3 millions 0,7 millions

sum

35,1 millions 62,9 millions

 

C. Total Trade (Mark.)

with the colonies aforelisted 56,4 millions 137,1 millions

 

Development of the colonies (without Kiautschou)

1896 - 1904 - 1912 (according to Warnack.)

  1896 1904 1912
railways in km 40 479 3867
navigation to the colonies 37 ships with 94.000 Gr.Reg.Tons 68 ships w. 223.000 Gr.Reg.Tons 138 ships w. 653.000 Gr.Reg.Tons
trade of the colonies Import: 21 Mill. Import: 46,5 Mill. Import: 142,7 Mill.
Export: 11,5 Mill. Export: 24,7 Mill. Export: 120,9 Mill.
total trade

32,5 Mill.

71,2 Mill.

263,3 Mill.

plantation area under cultivation 11.000 acres 43.000 acres 140.000 acres
capital of trading companies 62 millions 185 millions 505 millions

 

The German Protectorates' Railways

1. Togo

Line length in km gauge width in m year of opening
a. coastal line 44 1,- 1905
b. Lome-Palime 119 1,- 1907
c. Lome-Atakpame 167 1,- 1911
projects : extension of the lines to Palime amd Atakpame; the oil line eastward from Tsewie.

2. Kamerun

Line length in km gauge width in m year of opening
a. Norther Line (Manenguba Line) 160 1,- 1911
b. Central Line (Duala - Njong River) 293 1,- 1916
projects : extension of the Northern Line to Bamum, of the Central Line via Jaunde-Bertua to Garua, with continuation to Dikoa and Kusseri.

3. Südwestafrika

Line length in km gauge width in m year of opening
a. Otavi Line 578 0,60 1906
b. Swakopmund - Windhuk 382 0,60 (1,07) 1902 resp. 1911
c. Otavi - Grootfontein 93 0,60 1909
d. North-Southern Line (Windhuk-Keetmanshoop) 528 1,07 1912
e. Southern Line (Lüderitzbucht-Keetmanshoop with branch line Seeheim-Kalkfontein) 545 1,07 1909
projects (respectively already approved) : Amboland Line.

4. Ostafrika

Line length in km gauge width in m year of opening
a. Tanganjika Line 1252 1,- 1914
b. Usambara Line 352 1,- 1911
c. Sigi Line 23 0,75 1910
projects (already approved) Tabora - Kagera Knee, length 531 km.

5. Kiautschou

Line length in km gauge width in m year of opening
a. Schantung Line 435 1,- 1904
projects : extension of the Line Peking-Hankow and southward branch of the Schantung Line to Kaumi and Itschoufu.

 

The German Colonies' most important Export Products in 1912 (values in Mark)

  Deutsch- Ostafrika Kamerun Togo Deutsch - Südwestafrika Neu-Guinea Samoa Zusammen
cotton 2,110,000 - 515,000 - - - 2,625,000
diamonds - - - 30,414,000 - - 30,414,000
ivory 361,000 536,000 - - - - 897,000
peanuts 1,273,000 - - - - - 1,273,000
mica 581,000 - - - - - 581,000
skins and furs 4,000,000 - - 265,000 - - 4,265,000
coffee 2,000,000 - - - - - 2,000,000
cocoa 14,000 4,250,000 243,000 - 75,000 840,000 5,422,000
caoutchouc 8,390,000 11,472,000 976,000 - 162,000 110,000 21,110,000
copra 1,563,000 - 61,300 - 6,010,000 4,070,000 11,704,300
copper, copper ore - - - 6,500,000 - - 6,500,000
palm kernels - 4,406,000 3.380.000 - - - 7,786,000
sisal hemp 7,359,000 -   - 10,450 - 7,369,000
wax 829,000 - - - - - 829,000

 

Missions and Schools in the German Colonies.

  Ostafrika Kamerun Togo Südwestafrika Neu-Guinea Samoa
Mission Societies            
1. catholic 3 1 1 2 5 1
2. protestant 10 3 8 2 4 1
schools 1944 4* 367 20 516 2
students 114.964 43491 14235 775 18486 149

* = only government schools; number of mission schools unknown 

 


Source: Deutscher Kolonial-Atlas mit Jahrbuch, (Atlas German Colonies, with Yearbook), edited by P. Sprigade und M. Moisel, Surveys and retrospects by Dr. Karstedt. Berlin 1918, pp.9f

GM (digitalisation) and AG (translation) 
posted on the web for psm-data; many thanks to

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin / Preußischer Kulturbesitz 

Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz

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