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Germany | Imperialism
Agreement between Great Britain and Germany. 1890
(Berlin) July 1st, 1890

(Parliamentary Papers, 1890 [c-6046]; Hertslet, iv, Appendix, p.3286)

Article XI. Great Britain engages to use all her influence to facilitate a friendly arrangement, by which the Sultan of Zanzibar shall cede absolutely to Germany his possessions on the mainland comprised in existing Concessions to the German East Africa Company, and their dependencies, as well as the Island of Mafia.
It is understood that His Highness will, at the same time, receive an equitable indemnity for the loss of revenue resulting from such cession. 
Germany engages to recognize a Protectorate of Great Britain over remaining dominions of the Sultan of Zanzibar, including the Islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, as well as over the (p.113) dominions of the Sultan of Witu, and the adjacent territory up to Kismayu, from which her Protectorate is withdrawn. 
It is understood that if the cession of the German coast has not taken place before the assumption by Great Britain of the Protectorate of Zanzibar, Her Majesty's Government will, in assuming the Protectorate, accept the obligation to use all their influence with the Sultan to induce him to make that cession at the earliest possible period in consideration of an equitable indemnity.

Article XII. 1. Subject to the assent of the British Parliament, the sovereignty over the Island of Heligoland, together with its dependencies, is ceded by Her Britannic Majesty to His Majesty the Emperor of Germany.
2. The German Government will allow to all persons, natives of the territory thus ceded, the right of opting for British nationality by means of a declaration to be made by themselves, and in the case of children under age, by their parents or guardians, which must be sent in before the 1st of January, 1892.
3. All persons, natives of the territory thus ceded, and their children born before the date of the signature of the present agreement, are free from the obligation of service in the military and naval forces of Germany.
4. Native laws and customs now existing will, as far as possible, remain undisturbed.
5. The German Government binds itself not to increase the Customs Tariff at present in force in the territory thus ceded until the 1st January, 1910.
6. All rights to property which private persons or existing Corporations have acquired in Heligoland, in connexion with the British Government, are maintained; obligations resulting from them are transferred to His Majesty the Emperor of Germany. It is understood (p.114) that the above term, 'right to property', includes the right of signalling now enjoyed by Lloyd's.
7. The rights of British fishermen with regard to anchorage in all weathers, to taking in provisions and water, in making repairs, to trans-shipment of goods, to the sale of fish, and to the landing and drying of nets, remain undisturbed.

R.B. Mowat, Select Treaties and Documents 1815-1916, Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1916, pp.112-114
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