Khuen-Hedervary - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,


Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Khuen-Hedervary (1910)
Khuen-Hedervary, Karl, Count, Hungarian statesman, born on May 23rd 1849 in Freywaldau in Upper Silesia, began his political career in the 1870es as member of the Croatian diet and as Croatian deputee in Hungary's diet. In 1879 Khuen-Hedervary became obergespan [prefect] in the Comitat Raab, and from 1883 to 1903 was stadholder (ban) of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia, on which post he gained a reputation as an energetic and skilled, but occasionally harsh-handed administrator. Both in 1892 and 1895 during the cabinet crisis in Hungary Khuen-Hedervary had been offered to form a cabinet, without at any of these occasions any parliamentarily tenable combination coming about. In June 1903 Khuen-Hedervary became Hungarian prime minister following Koloman Szell, but the uncovering of a bribery affair shortly after, in which Khuen-Hedervary's friend Count Szapary was involved, made the position of the cabinet untenable. Khuen-Hedervary requested his demission (August 10th) and shortly after was acuitted by a special investigation commission from having had any part in the bribery affair. The monarch hesitated with approving the cabinet's demission request, as Khuen-Hedervary's designated successor Count Istvan Tisza long failed in his efforts to form a new cabinet. After stormy debates in the diet's fall sessions, Khuen-Hedervary was granted his demission on November 8th, but already in March 1904 he joined the cabinet of his successor Tisza as minister, and resigned with that cabinet in February 1905. When the coalition of three former opposition parties and their cabinet Wekerle in 1909 suffered a quick dissolution and lost power, he again was called upon, after other trustees of the crown failed in their attempts to solve the parliamentary crisis, Count Khuen-Hedervary in January 1910 suucceeded in forming a new cabinet with the support of the old leaders of the Liberal Party, who in the election of 1905 almost had been toppled, and he soon achieved the approval of the crown to dissolve parliament. When Khuen-Hedervary on March 21st was to justify this dissolution, he was received by an infernal spectacle created by the opposition and among others was hit in the face by items thrown at him. The election which was held in July provided the cabinet Khuen-Hedervary with an overwhelming majority, and the new government party lead by him and Count Tisza, "the National Labour Party", with progress took on tackling matters in a rational way instead of bullying nationalist demonstrations and obstruction policies, which in recent years had paralyzed the Hungarian diet for most of the time. Khuen-Hedervary's activity in Croatia is described in "Graf Khuen-Hedervary und seine Zeit" (1903).
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Khuen-Hedervary
Khuen-Hedervary, Karl, Count, Hungarian statesman, born on May 23rd 1849 in Freiwaldau (Upper Silesia), briefly was employed at the court in Agram, began his career in public service in the 1870s in the Comitat of Veröcz, was early on elected into the Diet of Agram [Croatian \diet, in Zagreb], from where, as a delegate of Croatia, he entered the Hungarian diet. In 1879 appointed Obergespan [prefect] of the Comitat of Raab, where at the time of the inundations he proved administrative talent. In 1883 he was appointed Ban of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia, an office he held on to for almost 20 years. He created a reliable pro-government party and sought to win supporters for the idea of the [Greater] Hungarian state. Notable are his reforms in the areas of administration and education. The opposition, lead with a strong hand, complained about strict press censorship, government influence in the elections and the violation of the right of assembly. In recent times he also partook in Hungarian affairs. In May 1892 he spoke in the [Hungarian] Upper House moderately, but emphatically for the cabinet's cgurch policy drafts. When the crown offered him the task to form a new cabinet in June 1894, he was rejected by the Liberal Party. He met the same fate early in 1905, when he, after the dismissal of Wekerle, again was charged by the crown with the formation of a cabinet. In his last years as ban the mood in Croatia became more excited. The failure of a new Hungarian Ausgleich resulted in financial misery; impoverization spread in the country. When in 1903 because of the ex-lex-condition the parliamentary situation even in Hungary became confused, the crown at the end of June 1903 for the third time offered the prime ministership to the Count. He maintained the cabinet composed by his predecessor Szell. His departure from Croatia was stormy; because of the ongoing insurrection the state of siege had to be declared. But in Hungary Count Khuen-Hedervary showed himself to be conciliatory and promised to respect the constitution and the diet's agenda. With great effort he succeeded in persuading Franz Kossuth to give up obstruction. But the Radicals from the 1848er Party resisted and rejected Kossuth and the compromise. The fall of Khuen-Hedervary followed the uncovery of an attempt bribery, which his friend Count Ladislas Szapory clumsily had attempted on his own, dramatically in public session. He resigned on August 10th. The investigation commission formed immediately acquitted the Count. In the meantime he had been elected deputee in July in Temesvar, and continued to partake in the sessions of the house. When Count Tisza failed to form a government, the crown once again charged him with the government (September 22nd), now under even more difficult conditions. The obstruction hardly gave him the chance to speak. When he, on September 29th, only academically rejected a speech by the Austrian prime minister von Körber, which interfered in Hungary's rights, he was deserted by his own party and on November 8th was granted the demission he had requested. On March 3rd 1904 in the cabinet of his successor Tisza he became minister a latere and soon after chancellor of the Order of St. Stephen. Once again he participated in parliamentary obstruction, but on February 1st 1905, together with the entire cabinet, he resigned because of the result of the elections (see Hungary). His activity in Croatia is described in "Graf Khuen-Hedervary und seine Zeit" (1903).
source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on September 2nd 2009

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