Bach - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,


Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Bach (1904)
Bach, Alexander von, Baron, Austrian statesman, born in 1813, died in 1893, in 1845 became practising advocate in Vienna and as such earned great respect. When the Revolution of 1848 broke out, Bach, who belonged to the Liberal opposition, was one of those who lead the negotiations with Archduchess Sofia for a new constitution, but soon split from the Radicals and opposed Austria's annexation into Germany. In July that year he jouned the cabinet Dobelhof-Wessenberg as minister of justice. Now he brpoke completely with the Liberals, argued for the Emperor's right for an absolute veto, demanded full compensation for estate owners for the abolition of serfdom, and in most questions joined parliament's conservative majority. During the October Revolution that year Bach, who had become very unpopular, had to flee Vienna in disguise. Later (November 1848) Bach joined the cabinet Schwarzenberg, first as minister of justice, later as minister of the interior (June 1849) and brought on the way several reforms in administration and legislation, but his system of government was strictly centralist and absolutist. Bach sympathized with the Clericals, and the concordat with the pope was mainly his work (August 18th 1855). As the leader of the Absolutist and Ultramontane Party in Austria, Bach had to resign in 1859. Afterward he served as ambassador to Rome until 1867. In 1854 he was elevated to baron.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Belcredi
Bach, Alexander, Baron von, Austrian statesman, born on January 4th 1813 in Loosdorf in Lower Austria, died on November 13th 1893 in Unterwaltersdorf near Wiener Neustadt. After the death of his father Michael (1842) he took over his advocature, and became one of the most respected advocates of Vienna. In the March Days 1848 he joined the political arena, was elected into the Viennese municipal council, and early in July into the new Imperial diet. But even before the latter convened, he was called to join the cabinet Wessenberg-Doblhoff, where he took the portfolio of justice. He was in favour of a centralist organization of the Austrian state, but soon split from the Liberal Party and approached the Court Party, later the Conservative and Slavic members of the Reichstag. During the October Revolution he laid down his office and left Vienna. He joined the cabinet Schwarzenberg as minister of justice, after the death of Stadion on June 28th 1849 he took over the ministry of the interior. While he had implemented the freeing of land of feudal obligations and the reorganization of courts, now he fully placed himself in the service of reaction. He voted for the abolition of the responsibility of ministers (August 20th 1851), remained in office when the constitution was cancelled (December 31st 1851), and after Auersperg's death (April 5th 1852) took the leading position, which he exercised in the spirit of bureaucratic absolutism. Public discontent over police pressure, the prevention of free speech increased more and more; the Austrian state officials sent to Hungary were called "Bach's Hussars". Under Bach, who had been elevated to baron in 1854, the concordat with the pope was concluded on August 18th 1855. Only the defeat of the absolutist system on the battlefields of Italy caused his resignation (August 21st 1859). He became ambassador at the Papal See and retired in 1867. In 1891 the Clerical Party named him as a candidate for a Reichsrat mandate in Vienna, but he rejected because of his age.
source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on August 3rd 2009

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