Belcredi - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,


Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Belcredi (1904)
Belcredi, Richard, Count, Austrian statesman, belonging to a Moravian family originating from Italy, born in 1823, died in 1902, studied law and entered state service; in 1864 appointed stadholder of Bohemia. As deputee in the Reichsrat, 1861-1863, he stood up for clerical and feudal interests. After Schmerling's fall in 1865, Belcredi became prime minister, and his cabinet, the proper soul of which was Count Moritz Esterhazy, in strictly conservative spirit aimed at restoring absolutism and the rule of the concordat, and help the clerical and feudal interests win over the liberal ones. Already during the war of 1866 did Belcredi attempt to achieve these goals. The unlucky outcome of this war and the opposition of the territorial diets loyal to the constitution against Belcredi's policy of ruling them from outside ("Sistation Policy") caused his fall (February 1867), after Beust joined the cabinet and with progress worked toward an opposite goal, the Ausgleich Policy. After a long period of withdrawal from policy, Belcredi in 1881 rejoined public life as president of the administrative court (1881-1895) and as lifelong member of the House of Lords.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Belcredi
Belcredi, Richard, Count, Austrian statesman, born on February 12th 1823 from a Moravian noble family of Italian origin, died on December 2nd 1902 in Gmunden, studied in Prague and Vienna, in 1854 became district commissioner in Znaim, was elected into the Bohemian diet and the Reichsrat in 1860. Despite his clerical views Schmerling appointed him governor of Silesia in 1862, stadholder of Bohemia in 1864. When Belcredi, after Schmerling had been toppled, became minister, a tool of the feudal-clerical Count Moritz Esterhazy, the "Sistation Policy" began, which aimed at the creation of absolutism and rule of the concordat and at the suppression of the liberal Germans and Hungarians. The success of Beust's Ausgleich Policy brought about his fall. In February 1870 he resigned. After the rise of the clerical feudals under Taaffe, Belcredi from 1881 to 1895 served as president of the administrative court.
source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on August 2nd 2009

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