First posted on December 13th 2002, last revised on November 16th 2004






External Links : Biographies related to German History 1500-1871

For links on general biographical sources, go to Biographies Main Page

Biografien in Netz
World Statesmen : Germany, by Ben Cahoon; not biographies, prime ministers etc.
World Rulers : FRG, by Enno Schulz, illustrated; Rulers : Germany, by B. Schemmel
Biographies, from Jewish Virtual Library
Encyclopedia of Marxism
Personen, from Informationsdienst gegen Rechtsextremismus
Deutschsprachige Autorinnen und Autoren, from Goethe Institut Hongkong, (German language authors; links to biographies, works etc.)
Autorenverzeichnis (Index of Authors), from Perlentaucher, in German
Personen, from 1848. Flugschriften im Netz Preussen Chronik, Personen von 1618-1713, 1713-1786, 1786-1848, 1848-1871 in German
Personen, from Lutherstadt Wittenberg, 24 German language biographies
Genealogical Table of the Welfen Dynasty (Hannover), from Welfen.de, in German; many names clickable, lead to biographies
Köpfe. Biografisches aus NRW, from NRW 2000, in German, 86 illustrated short biographies
Personen zur Geschichte Mitteldeutschlands (Persons in the History of Central Germany), from MDR, in German
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB), posted by Nauyerische Staatsbibliothek
Printed Reference : Biographies related to German History



1500-1618 ..... go to narrative history of Germany . . .

Behaim, Martin, 1459-1507, made the first globe
... from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907 edition, in English, detailed
Berlichingen, Götz von, 1497-1544, knight, forced by the rebel peasants to lead them; title hero of a Goethe novel
... from EB 1911, in English, 29 lines
Bora, Katharina von, 1499-1552 , one-time nun who married Martin Luther
... from Lutherstadt Wittenberg, in English, 21 lines; incomplete
... from www.luther.de, in German, illustrated, 25 lines
Bucer, Martin, 1491-1551, protestant reformer, at Strassburg
... from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1909 edition, in English, 71 lines
Bugenhagen, Johannes, 1485-1558, Lutheran reformer
... from www.luther.de, in German, illustrated, 18 lines
Charles V., 1500-1558, Emperor 1519-1556
... from aeiou, in German, 8 lines
Cranach, Lucas, the Elder, c.1472-1553, painter
... from www.luther.de, in German, illustrated, 23 lines
Dürer, Albrecht, 1471-1528, painter
... from Artcyclopedia, in English, 18 lines, links
Eck, Johann Maier, 1486-1543, Catholic theologian, opponent of Martin Luther, translated the new testament
... from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1909 edition, in English, detailed
... from EB 1911, in English, 105 lines
... from BBKL, in German, 33 lines, bibliography
Ferdinand I., 1503-1564, Emperor 1556-1564
... from aeiou, in English, illustrated, 20 lines
Frederick III., the Wise 1463-1525, Duke-Elector of Saxony 1486-1525
... from Luther Project, in English, 7 lines
... from EB 1811, in English, 20 lines
... from www.luther.de, in German, illustrated, 20 lines
Fugger, Jakob, 1459-1525, banker
... by Silke Winzig, in German, 74 lines
... from augsburg.de, in German, illustrated, 4 lines
Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg, 1547-1601, Princearchbishop of Cologne 1577-1581
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg, in German, 54 lines
Geyer, Florian, 1490-1525, knight, leader of band of revolting peasants in the German Peasants' War
... from Lutherstadt Wittenberg, in German, 12 lines
Henlein, Peter, invented the spring-powered clock c. 1500-1510
... infoplease, in English
Hofman, Melchior (Hoffmann), c.1498-c.1543, anabaptist
... from EB 1911, in English, 43 lines
Holbein, Hans, the Younger, 1497-1543, painter
... from Web Galleru of Art, in English, illustrated, 67 lines
John Frederick I., the Magnanimous, 1503-1554, Duke of Saxony
... from EB 1911, in English, 53 lines
Kohlhase, Hans (Kolhase), merchant who, in 1532, was deprived of two of his horses, confiscated by Saxon junkers exceeding their authority. As his complaints lead to no solution, he started a feud against anyone who supported his enemies, a feud which caused great damage to Saxony. In 1810, Heinrich von Kleist modelled his "Michael Kohlhaas" after him.
... Rechtssemiotik, in German
... Library entry : Die Fehde des Hans Kolhase
Leiden, Jan van (Jan Bockelsson, Beukelszoon), 1509-1536
... leader of the Anabaptists who took over the administration of Muenster in 1534, renamed the city New Jerusalem, declared doomsday to have arrived. executed in 1536.
... from BBKL, in German, 17 lines
... by Jessica Kalinka, in German, illustrated, 41 lines
Luther, Martin, 1483-1546, protestant reformer
... from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910 edtion, in English, detailed
... from Lutherstadt Wittenberg, in English, illustrated, 19 lines, links
Matthias, 1557-1619, Emperor 1612-1619
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, illustrated, detailed
... from aeiou, in English, illustrated, 13 lines
Maurice (Moritz), 1521-1553, Duke-Elector of Saxony (1547-1553)
... from infoplease, in English, 13 lines
Maximilian I., 1459-1519, Roman King 1486-1519, Emperor 1493-1519
... from aeiou, in English, illustrated, 41 lines
Maximilian II., 1527-1576, Emperor 1564-1576
... from aeiou, in English, illustrated, 14 lines
Melanchthon, Philip, 1467-1560, Lutheran reformer and diplomat
... from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911 edition, extensive
... from Lutherstadt Wittenberg, in English, illustrated, 10 lines
... from Hillsdale Dept. of Philosophy and Religion, in English, 9 lines
... from www.luther.de, in German, illustrated, 58 lines
Mercator, Gerardus (Gerhard), 1512-1594, cartographer, taught at Univ. Duisburg
... from infoplease, in English, 11 lines
Müntzer, Thomas, 1490-1525, anabaptist radical reformer, agitated among the rebel peasants
... by Romwald Maczka, in English, 19 lines
... from Lutherstadt Wittenberg, in English, 15 lines
Philip I. the Magnanimous (Philipp der Grossmuetige), 1504-1567, Count of Hessen 1517-1567
... from BBKL, in German, 45 lines, bibliography
... from infoplease, in English, 13 lines
Rudolf II., 1552-1612, Emperor 1575-1612
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, illustrated, detailed
... from aeiou, in English, illustrated, 13 lines
Spalatin, Georg, 1484-1545, humanist
... from www.luther.de, in German, illustrated, 27 lines
Tetzel, Johann, 1465-1519, Dominican monk, seller of letters of indulgence
... from Lutherstadt Wittenberg, in English, 12 lines
... from infoplease, in English, 11 lines
William IV. (Wilhelm IV.), 1532-1592, Count of Hessen-Kassel
... from EB 1911, in English, 33 lines

1618-1701 ..... go to narrative history of Germany . . . Thirty Years War

August the Younger, 1579-1666, Duke of Braunschweig-Wolfenbuettel 1635-1666, founder of the Herzog August library in Wolfenbuettel
... from Welfen.de, in Ger,an, illustrated, 37 lines
Christian, 1599-1626, Duke of Braunschweig-Wolfenbuettel
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, illustrated, 9 lines
Danckelman, Eberhard von, 1643-1722, Brandenburg prime minister 1695-1697, reformer
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
Ernst August, 1629-1698, Duke-Elector of Hannover 1692-1698
... from Welfen.de, in German, illustrated, 36 lines
Ferdinand II., 1578-1637, Emperor 1619-1637
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, illustrated, 10 lines
... from aeiou, in English, illustrated, 14 lines
Ferdinand III., 1608-1657, Emperor 1637-1657
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg, in German, illustrated, 14 lines
Francke, August Hermann, 1662-1727, theologian
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
Frederick (Friedrich), 1596-1632, V. Count Palatinate, the "Winter King" of Bohemia
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, illustrated, 25 lines
Frederick William, the Great Elector (Friedrich Wilhelm, der Grosse Kurfuerst), 1620-1688, Duke-Elector of Brandenburg 1640-1688
... from infoplease, in English, 17 lines
Galen, Christoph Bernhard von, 1606-1678, Princebishop of Muenster
... from BBKL, in German, 10 lines, bibliography
... from Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911 edition, in English, 19 lines
Gerhardt, Paul, 1608-1676, theologian
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
Grimmelshausen, Hans Jakob Christoffel von, 1621-1676, writer
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, 27 lines
Guericke, Otto von, 1602-1686, burghermaster of Magdeburg, scientist
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, illustrated, 36 lines
Gustavus II. Adolphus (Gustav II. Adolf), 1594-1632, King of Sweden 1611-1632
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, illustrated, 36 lines; link leads to more detailed biography, from same site
Johann Wilhelm von Pfalz-Neuburg, Count Palatinate, 1658-1716, Count 1690-1716
... from BBKL, in German, 27 lines, bibliography
... from Surfin' Oberrhein, in German, illustrated, brief
... Image (oil painting, 1700, by Adriaen van der Werff, from Web Gallery of Art
Kepler, Johannes, 1571-1630, astronomer
... from NASA, in English, illustrated, detailed
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, 1646-1716
... from Eric Weisstein's World of Biography, in English
... from Trinity College, Dublin,. in English, extensive
Leopold I., 1640-1705. Emperor 1658-1705
... from EB 1911, in English, 58 lines
Mansfeld, Peter Ernest Graf zu, 15800-1626, general
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, illustrated, 5 lines; link to more detailed biography on same site
Maximilian, 1573-1651, Duke of Bavaria
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, 7 lines
Pappenheim, Gottfried Heinrich Graf von, 1594-1632, general in the 30 Years' War
... from Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911 edition, in English, detailed; web edition garbled scan
... by Heinz Schramm, illustrated, in German, 25 lines
Pufendorf, Samuel von, 1632-1694, jurist
... from BBKL, in German, 18 lines, bibliography
... from infoplease, in English, 16 lines
Sachsen-Weimar, Bernhard von, 1604-1639, general
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, illustrated, 19 lines
Schütz, Heinrich, 1585-1672, composer
... from Heinrich Schuetz Haus, in German, detailed
Spee von Langenfeld, Friedricj, 1591-1635, Jesuit priest, critic of the witch hunt
... from Bistum Wuerzburg, in German, 58 lines
... from Catholic Encyclopedia, in English, 57 lines
Tilly, Johann Tzerclaes, Graf von, 1559-1632, general
... from EB 1911, in English, 64 lines
... from Deutsche Geschichte - Das Jahrtausend, in German, illustrated, 13 lines
Wallenstein, Albrecht Eusebius Wenzel von, 1583-1634, general
... from Catholic Encyclopedia, in English, detailed
... from Deutsche Geschichte - das Jahrtausend, in German, illustrated, 35 lines
... from aeiou, in English, illustrated, 23 lines
Wilhelm V., 1602-1637, Count of Hessen-Kassel
... from Wer war wer im Dreissigjaehrigen Krieg ?, in German, illustrated, 14 lines

1701-1789 ..... go to narrative history of Germany

Augustus II., the Strong (August der Starke), 1670-1733, Duke-Elector of Saxony (since 1694) and King of Poland (since 1697)
... from infoplease, in English, 16 lines
Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750, composer
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
Böttger, Johann Friedrich, 1682-1719, (re-) inventor of porcelein
... from DAF Kurse - Menschen, in German, illustrated, detailed
... from Lutherstadt Wittenberg, in German, 25 lines
Charles VI. (Karl VI.), 1685-1740, Emperor 1711-1740
... from infoplease, in English, 29 lines
Clemens August von Bayern, 1700-1761, Bishop of Muenster 1718-1761, Archbishop of Cologne 1723-1761
... from Bonn, in German, 15 lines
Francis I. (Franz I.), 1708-1765, Duke of Lorraine 1729-1737, of Tuscany 1737-1765, Emperor 1745-1765
... from infoplease, in English, 13 lines
Frederick I. (Friedrich I.), 1657-1713, Duke-Elector of Brandenburg 1688-1713, King in Prussia 1701-1713
... from infoplease, in English, 6 lines
Frederick II., the Great (Friedrich II., der Grosse), 1712-1786, King in/of Prussia (since 1740/1772)
... from infoplease, in English, detailed
George I. (Georg I. Ludwig), 1660-1727, Duke-Elector of Hannover 1698-1727, King of England 1714-1727
... from Yorkist.com, in English
... from infoplease, in English, 17 lines
... from Welfen.de, in English, illustrated, 31 lines
George II. (Georg II. August), 1683-1760, King of England and Duke-Elector of Hannover 1727-1760
... from Yorkist.com, in English
... from Welfen.de, in German, illustrated, 24 lines
George III. (Georg III.), 1738-1820, King of England, Duke Elector, since 1814 King of Hannover 1760-1820 ('Mad King George')
... from Yorkist.com, in English
... from Welfen.de, in German, illustrated, 20 lines
Händel, Georg Friedrich, 1685-1759, composer
... from Solar Haven, in English, illustrated, detailed
Haydn, Franz Joseph, 1732-1809, composer
... from Classical Music Archives, in English, illustrated, detailed
Herder, Johann Gottfried, 1744-1803, philosopher
... from Goethe Institut Hongkong, in German, links
Hontheim, Johannes Nicolaus von (Justus Febronius), 1701-1790, theologian
... from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910 edition, in English, 50 lines
... from BBKL, in German, 36 lines, bibliography
... from EB 1911, in English, 59 lines
Joseph I., 1678-1711, Emperor 1705-1711
... from infoplease, in English, 6 lines
Joseph II., 1741-1790, Emperor (1765) 1780-1790
... from infoplease, in English, detailed
Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804, philosopher
... from Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2 entries, in English
Katte, Hans Hermann von, 1704-1730, Prussian officer, friend of young Frederick the Great; executed at the order of his father
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, 34 lines
Kaunitz, Wenzel Anton von, 1711-1794, Austrian chancellor 1753-1792
... from infoplease, in English, 8 lines
Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb, 1724-1803, writer
... from Virtuelle Schule Deutsch, in German, illustrated, detailed
Knigge, Adolph Franz Friedrich Ludwig von, 1752-1796, wrote an influential manual on good manners
... from Freiherr von Knigge Website, in German, illustrated, detailed
Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim, 1729-1781, writer
... from Books and Writers (to come soon)
... from infoplease, in English, 15 lines
Lichtenberg, Georg Christoph, 1742-1799, physicist, mathematician, writer
... from Projekt Gutenberg, in German, illustrated, 13 lines
Maria Theresia (Maria Theresa), 1717-1780, Archduchess of Austria
... from Kings College Womens' History, in English, detailed, bibliography
... from infoplease, in English, detailed
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 1756-1791, composer
... from Mozart Project, in English, illustrated, detailed
Münchhausen, Hieronymus Karl Friedrich von, 1720-1797, storyteller
... from Books and Writers, in English, detailed, bibliography
Rothschild, Meyer Amschel, 1743-1812, banker
Wieland, Christoph Martin, 1733-1813, writer
... from Virtuelle Schule Deutsch, in German, illustrated, detailed
Winckelmann, Johann Joachim, 1717-1768, librarian and historian
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
Zinzendorf, Christian Renatus, 1727-1758, theologian (created Herrnhut Pietism)
... from BBKL, in German, 32 lines, bibliography
Zinzendorf, Nikolaus Ludwig Graf von, 1700-1760, founded the Herrnhut community
... from TU Dresden, in German, 17 lines

1789-1815 ..... go to narrative history of Germany ... Reaction on the French Revolution, Confederation of the Rhine

Arndt, Ernst Moritz, 1769-1860, writer
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
Beethoven, Ludwig van, 1770-1827, composer
... from Classical Music Archives, in English, illustrated, detailed
Blücher, Gerhard Leberecht von, 1742-1819, Prussian general
... from Prussian Generals, in English, detailed
Dalberg, Karl Theodor von, 1744-1817, President of the Confederation of the Rhine 1806-1813
... from BBKL, in German, 21 lines, bibliography
... from infoplease, in English, 5 lines
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 1762-1814, philosopher, patriot
... from Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, in English, illustrated, detailed
Francis II. (Franz II. Karl Joseph), 1769-1835, German Emperor 1792-1806, Austrian Emperor 1806-1835
... from Voelkerschlacht 1813, in German, illustrated, 9 lines
Friedrich Wilhelm III., 1770-1840, King of Prussia 1786-1840
... from Voelkerschlacht 1813, in German, illustrated, 9 lines
Friedrich Wilhelm, 1771-1815, Duke of Braunschweig-Wolfenbuettel-Oels, the "Black Duke", famous for his stubborn resistance against Napoleon
... from Homepage der Welfen, in German, illustrated, 22 lines
... from DHM, in German, illustrated, 12 lines
Gneisenau, August Graf Neidhardt von, 1760-1831, Prussian general
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
... from Koenigin Luise.com, in German, illustrated, detailed
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832, writer
... from Books and Writers, in English, detailed, bibliography
Hardenberg, Karl August von, 1750-1822, Prussian statesman, reformer
... from Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911 edition, in English, detailed; poor web edition
... from Koenigin Luise.com, in German, illustrated, detailed
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 1770-1831, philosopher
... from TU Chemnitz, in German, illustrated, 8 lines
... from Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, in English, detailed
Hölderlin, Johann Christian Friedrich, 1770-1843, writer
... from Hoelderlin-Gesellschaft, in English, 62 lines
... links from Goethe Institut Hongkong
Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859, scientist, explorer
... from infoplease, in English, 20 lines
... from Goethe Institut, in German, detailed
Humboldt, Wilhelm von, 1767-1835, scientist, founded the University of Berlin in 1810
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
Jerome Bonaparte, 1784-1860, King of Westphalia 1807-1813
... from Wilhelmshoehe, in English, 17 lines
Kleist, Bernd Wilhelm Heinrich von, 1777-1811, writer
... from BBKL, in German, detailed, bibliography
... from Goethe Institut, Hongkong, in German, links
Lützow, Adolf Ludwig Wilhelm von, 1782-1834, Prussian military officer (Luetzows wilde verwegene Jagd)
... from Prussian Generals, in English, scroll down, 6 lines
Luise, 1770-1810, Queen of Prussia
... from Koenigin Luise.com, in German, illustrated, extensive; some information available in English
Montgelas, Maximilian Joseph, 1759-1838, Bavarian foreign minister 1799-1817
... from BBKL, in German, 18 lines, bibliography
Murat, Joachim, 1767-1815, Grand Duke of Berg 1806-1808
... from Napoleon 1804, in French, illustrated, detailed
... from Gruppo Murat, in Italian, illustrated, detailed
... from NRW 2000, in German, 13 lines
Novalis (Friedrich Leopold Baron von Hardenberg) 1772-1801, writer
... from Books and Writers, in English, detailed, bibliography
Scharnhorst, Gerhard Johann von, 1756-1813, general, army reformer
... from Koenigin Luise.com, in German, illustrated, detailed
Schill, Ferdinand von, 1776-1809, Prussian officer, who continued war against Napoleon on his own after Prussia had ceased hostilities (1809)
... from Lutherstadt Wittenberg, in German, 15 lines
... from Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911 edition, in English, 28 lines
Schiller, Friedrich von, 1759-1809, writer
... from Books and Writers, in English, detailed, bibliography
Schinderhannes (Johannes Boeckler) 1777-1803, legendary brigand in the Mainz area
... by Peter Kropp, in German, illustrated, extensive
Schlegel, Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von, 1772-1829, writer
... from Books and Writers, in English, detailed, bibliography
Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst, 1768-1834, philosopher and theologian
... from Preussen Chronik, in German. illustrated, 108 lines
Stein, Karl Freiherr vom und zum, 1757-1831, industrialist and political reformer
... by M. Miller and M. Morlok, in German, extensive
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, 30 lines
... from Koenigin Luise.com, in German, illustrated, detailed
Weber, Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von, 1786-1826, composer
... from infoplease, in English, 11 lines
Yorck, Hans David Ludwig, Graf von Wartenberg, 1759-1830, Prussian officer; in the 'Tauroggen Convention' (1812) he had his regiment switch sides in the Franco-Russian War
... from Voelkerschlacht 1813, in German, illustrated, 18 lines


1815-1870 ..... go to narrative history of Germany ... German Federation 1815-1848, Industrial Revolution, Zollverein, Rising Nationalism, Revolution of 1848, Germany 1849-1866, Bismarck's Unification of Germany, 1862-1871

Beust, Friedrich Ferdinand, 1809-1886, Prime Minister of Saxony 1853-1866
... from infoplease, in English, 7 lines
Blum, Robert, 1807-1848, revolutionary
... from 1848 - Flugschriften im Netz, in German, illustrated, 31 lines
Borsig, August, 1804-1854, industrialist
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, 26 lines
Brahms, Johannes, 1833-1897, composer
... from karadar.com, in German, illustrated, detailed
Brehm, Alfred Edmund, 1829-1884, zoologist
... by T. Manke, in German, illustrated, detailed
Brentano, Clemens, 1778-1842, writer
... from Projekt Gutenberg, in German, illustrated, 10 lines
... from BBKL, in German, detailed, bibliography
Büchner, Georg, 1813-1837, writer, social critic
... from little blue light, in English, illustrated, detailed
... from xlibris.de, in German, illustrated, extensive
... links from Goethe Institut Hongkong
Busch, Wilhelm, 1832-1908, cartoonist
... by Joachim Schoepflin, in German, illustrated, detailed
Chamisso, Adelbert von (Louis Charles Adelaide de Chamisso de Boncourt), 1781-1838, writer
... by Peter Schuchert, in English, illustrated, detailed
Clausewitz, Karl von, 1780-1831, Prussian military theoretician; wrote "On War"
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
Dahlmann, Friedrich Christoph, 1785-1860, historian and politician; leading figure in the Frankfurt Assembly of 1848
... from Emcyclopaedia Britannica, 1911 edition, in English, detailed
... from Stadtarchiv Göttingen, in German, 11 lines
Dahn, Felix, 1834-1912, law professor, nationalist writer
... from Projekt Gutenberg, in German, illustrated, 7 lines
Drais von Sauerbronn, Karl Friedrich, 1785-1851, inventor of the bicycle
... from Univ. Nayreuth, in German, illustrated, detailed
Droste-Juelshoff, Annette von, 1797-1848, writer
... from xlibris.de, in German, illustrated, extensive
Eichendorff, Joseph von, 1788-1857, poet and writer
... from onlinekunst.de, in German, illustrated; 17 line biography
... links from Goethe Institut, Hongkong
Engels, Friedrich, 1820-1895, philosopher
... from Spartacus Schoolnet, in English, illustrated, detailed
Ernst August, 1771-1851, King of Hannover 1837-1851, cancelled liberal constitution
... from Welfen.de, in German, illustrated, 28 lines
Fontane, Theodor, 1819-1898, writer
... from Fontane Seite, in German, illustrated, extensive
Freiliggrath, Ferdinand, 1810-1876, writer, patriot
Gauss, Karl Friedrich, 1777-1855, mathematician
... from Eric Weisstein's World of Biography, in English, detailed
George IV. (Georg IV.), 1762-1830, King of England 1820-1830
... from Yorkist.com, in English
Georg V., 1819-1878, King of Hannover 1851-1866
... from Welfen.de, in German, illustrated, 18 lines
Goerres, Joseph, 1776-1848, publisher, patriot
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, 39 lines
Grimm, Jakob, 1785-1863, linguist, editor of fairytales
... from Projekt Gutenberg, in German, illustrated, 9 lines
... from Stadtarchiv Göttingen, in German, 15 lines
Grimm, Wilhelm, 1786-1859, linguist, editor of fairytales
... from Projekt Gutenberg, in German, illustrated, 9 lines
... from Stadtarchiv Göttingen, in German, 15 lines
Hansemann, David, 1790-1864, industrialist, Prussian prime minister 1848
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
Harkort, Friedrich, 1793-1880, industrialist
... from NRW 2000, in German, illustrated, 57 lines
Hecker, Friedrich Franz Karl, 1811-1881, politician, revolutionary from Baden
... from Encyclopedia of the 1848 Revolutions, in English
Heine, Heinrich, 1797-1856, writer
... from Books and Writers, in English, detailed, bibliography
... from xlibris.de, in German, illustrated, detailed
... links from Goethe Institut, Hongkong
Hoffmann von Fallersleben, August Heinrich, 1798-1874, writer; wrote 'Das Lied der Deutschen' (national anthem)
... from Projekt Gutenberg, in German, illustrated, 11 lines
... links from Goethe Institut, Hongkong
Jahn, Friedrich Ludwig, 1778-1858, sports protagonist
... from Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911 edition, in English, 34 lines
... from turnvater-jahn.de, in German
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
Ketteler, Wilhelm Emmanuel von, 1811-1877, Catholic bishop, addressed the social problem
... from BBKL, in German, detailed, bibliography
Kolping, Adolph, 1813-1865, priest, social reformer
... from Kolpingfamilie Cappeln, in German, illustrated, 27 lines
Kotzebue, August von, 1761-1819, German nobleman, served as Russian diplomat 1813-1819
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, 28 lines
Krupp, Alfred, 1812-1887, industrialist
... from DHM, in German, illustrated, 8 lines
... from NRW 2000, in German, 22 lines
Lassalle, Ferdinand, 1825-1864, socialist
... from Encyclopedia of Marxism, in English, 20 lines
... from leksikon.org, in Danish, illustrated, detailed
... from BBKL, in German, detailed, bibliography
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, detailed
List, Friedrich, 1789-1846, economist, conceived the Zollverein
... from infoplease, in English, 9 lines
Marx, Karl, 1818-1883, philosopher
... from Spartacus Schoolnet, in English, illustrated, detailed
Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix, 1809-1847, composer
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, 32 lines
Metternich, Klemens Lothar Wenzel von, 1773-1859, Austrian chancellor; dominating figure at Vienna Congress, in Holy Alliance
... from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911 edition, detailed
Moltke, Helmut Graf von , 1800-1891, Prussian general
... from MVWeb, in German, 8 lines
Sand, Karl Ludwig, 1795-1820, Burschenschaft (fraternity) student, patriot, assassin
... from Fichtelgebirgsmuseum, in German, illustrated; less a biography than the story of his assassination of Russian diplomat August von Kotzebue in 1819
Schinkel, Karl Friedrich, 1781-1841, architect
... from Preussen Chronik, in German, illustrated, 74 lines
Schopenhauer, Arthur, 1788-1860, philosopher
... from Books and Writers, in English, detailed, bibliography
Schubert, Franz, 1797-1828, composer
... from composers.net, in English, illustrated, detailed
Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856, composer
... by Franz Vorraber, Part 1, Part 2, in German, illustrated
Schumann, Clara Josephine, maiden name Wieck, 1819-1896, composer
... from karadar.com, in German, illustrated, 9 lines
Siebenpfeiffer, Philipp Jacob, 1789-1845, journalist, speaker on the 1832 Hambach Festival
Struve, Gustav von, 1905-1870, liberal, revolutionary from Baden
... from Virtual American Biographies, in English, 47 lines
Varnhagen von Ense, Rahel, 1771-1833, writer and salon hostess
... from Perlentaucher, in German, 5 lines
Wagner, Richard, 1813-1883, composer
... from Arizona Opera, in English, illustrated, detailed
William IV. (Wilhelm IV.), 1765-1837, King of England and Hannover 1830-1837
... from Yorkist.com, in English
Wirth, Johann Georg August, 1798-1848, journalist, speaker on the 1832 Hambach Festival


Biographies, Germany 1871-1945








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