Plener (2) - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries



Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Meyer 1902-1909,


Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Plener (1915)
Plener, Ernst von, son of the former,, Austrian statesman, born on October 18th 1841 in Eger, in the beginning persued a diplomatic career, was elected into the Austrian Reichsrat in 1873, where he soon became noted as one of the best speakers of the German Liberal Party, both in the Reichsrat and in the Bohemian diet, of which he also was member. When in 1888 "the United German Left" was formed, von Plener became its leader, and from 1893 to 1895 he represented the Left in Windisch-Grätz' coalition government, where he held the portfolio of finances. In 1895 he laid down his mandate in the Reichsrat, when the coalition of the moderate parties broke up, and became president of the supreme audit board. In 1900 von Plener became lifetime member of the House of Lords, and since has been elevated to Freiherr. Before, like his father, he had the title "Edler von".
Plener has made himself noted as the author of a number of macroeconomic publications and as the most outstanding representant in Austria of the international peace movement.

source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyer's Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, Article : Plener
Plener, Ernst Edler von, Austrian politician, son of the former, born on October 18th 1841 in Eger, studied in Vienna and Berlin, in 1865 entered the diplomatic service at the embassy in Paris, then in London, in 1873 retired as legation secretary, was elected into the Reichsrat by the Eger Chamber of Commerce, where he joined the Club of the Left. In 1878 he belonged to the far-sighted politicians who regarded opposition to Andrassy's Balkans policy in the sense of the Treaty of Berlin, by contrast to the opinion of the majority under the leadership of Herbst, as a grave political mistake. In the cabinet Taaffe, which was formed shortly after, he was offered the portfolio of trade, which he, not secure of the support of his own party, rejected. When the government took on a more and more anti-German character, and among the German Liberals the position of 1878 was regarded more and more a mistake, Plener became Herbst's successor as the leader of the German Liberal Party, the cause of which he defended in the Prague diet as well as in the Viennese Reichsrat, with great eloquence. When two factions in 1888 joined to form the "United German Left", the latter without reservation recognized Plener as their leader. When Count Taaffe, after a turn in his policy, in 1891 declared himself ready to accept a member of the Left in his government, he rejected Plener himself because of his great political weight, and only on the occasion of the fall of the former in 1893 did the latter succeed to obtain the portfolio of finances in the coalition cabinet of Prince Windisch-Grätz. He lost it again with the fall of the latter, and after leaving his party in July that year was appointed president of the supreme audit board. In 1900 he became member of the House of Lords.
Plener wrote : "Die englische Fabrikgesetzgebung" (Wien 1871), "Englische Baugenossenschaften" (Wien 1873), "Ferdinand Lasalle" (Leipzig 1884) and wrote contributions to the expertise : "Über die Beteiligung der Arbeiter an dem Unternehmergewinn" (Schriften des Vereins für Sozialpolitik, Leipzig 1874). The speeches he held in the Bohemian diet on Bohemian language law, printed in Prague in 1866, form an excellent orientation in the issue of the so-called Bohemian Question. He also is co-editor of the "Zeitschrift für Volkswirtschaft, Sozialpolitik und Verwaltung".

source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on August 3rd 2009

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