Italian Campaign of Emperor Maximilian I., 1507

In 1493, Emperor Frederick III. (Friedrich III. von Habsburg) died. His son and successor Maximilian had been elected Roman King in 1486. Maximilian pursued a policy aiming at reforming the Holy Roman Empire and strengthening royal authority. In 1507 he began a campaign that was intended to result in his coronation in Rome.
Maximilian, involved an many wars and constantly short of money, depended on grants by the Imperial diet; these grants were much smaller than hoped for, and necessary to execute the plan. The Imperial force failed to force their way through Venice's Terra Ferma; Maximilian never reached Rome, never was crowned Emperor. On February 4th 1508, in the Cathedral of Trent, Maximilian had himself proclaimed Emperor, in disregard of tradition according to which only the pope could crown an Emperor.
Maximilian did not forget Venice's resistance; in 1508 he joined the League of Cambrai, which defeated the Republic of Venice.

The Tomb of Maximilian, from Hofkirche
Article Maximilian I., from BBKL, in German
Article Louis II. of Hungary, from Columbia Encyclopedia

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on April 9th 2004, last revised on November 18th 2004

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