Danish Occupation

Danish Invasion of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf, 1697

In the Treaty of Oliva 1660, Sweden had forced Denmark to recognize the independence of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (the line Gottorf (in Dan.: Gottorp) owned roughly half of the two duchies; the other half was Danish). The Duchy of Schleswig previously had been a Danish fief.
The Kings of Denmark regretted having had to make such a concession, and repeatedly invaded Schleswig-Holstein- Gottorf, so 1675-1679 and 1684-1689. Duke Christian Albrecht of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp had died in 1694 and was succeeded by his son Friedrich IV. (1694-1702). Duke Friedrich IV. had married a daughter of Swedish King Charles XI.; Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp was regarded as being under Swedish protection. When Swedish King Charles XI. died in 1697, King Christian V. of Denmark used the opportunity to invade (but not occupy) Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp yet another time.

Geschichte von Schleswig-Holstein (History of Schleswig-Holstein), from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1888-1890 edition, in German
Christian V. of Denmark, from Danske Konger, in English
Slesvig-Holsten-Gottorp, from Gladsaxegymnasium, in Danish
Geschichte Schleswig-Holsteins (History of Schleswig-Holstein), from Schlei Online, in German
Zur Geschichte von Schloss Gottorf, in German
Die Gottorfer, from Schleswig-Holstein von A bis Z, in German, illustrated
Bibliography on the Danish Campaign against Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp in 1697, posted by D. Schorr
Die Herzöge von Schleswig-Holstein (The Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein), by Thorsten Dahl, in German
DOCUMENTS Map Schleswig-Holstein, c.1700, from Ahnenforschung-SH, comment in German

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on March 16th 2004, last revised on November 19th 2004

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