France
Catholics and Huguenots



French King FRANCIS I., and the established church were vehemently opposed to any religious dissent; Calvin, in 1534, when publishing his Institutions had to quickly flee the country. The relation between the established church and the communities of those willing to pursue a radical reform was tense from the start.
The followers of Jean Calvin in France became known under the name of HUGUENOTS. Based on the bible translation by D'ETAPLES and the writings of Calvin, they had their own synods which established their CREED. They became numerous, especially strong among the artisans of the cities of France.
In 1551, at several cities in France the persecution and execution of heretics (Huguenots) began. However, many French bishops disagreed with that policy, permitting Huguenots to live unharmed within their jurisdiction.


EXTERNAL
FILES
Article Huguenots, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Who were the Huguenots, from the Huguenot Society of South Africa
Huguenot Timeline, from the Pierre Chastain Family Association
DOCUMENTS
REFERENCE Charles A. de Janze, Les Huguenots. Cent Ans de Persecution 1685-1789 (1886), posted by Gutenberg Library Online, in French



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on February 31st 2001, last revised on October 22nd 2007

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