1964-1973 1981-1990

Saudi Arabia 1973-1981

Administration . King Faisal (1964-1975) was assassinated in 1975; he was succeeded by his brother King Khalid (1975-1982).

Foreign Policy . During the Yom Kippur War between Egypt and Syria on one, Israel on the other side, the U.S. openly took the side of the latter. The Arab members of OPEC established OAPEC, and decided to impose oil production limits, which resulted in a sharp increase in prices (Oil Crisis).
When Israel and Egypt signed the Camp David Accords (1978), Saudi Arabia suspended diplomatic relations with Egypt.
The outbreak of the Iraq-Iran War in 1980 threatened the destabilization of the Gulf region. In 1981, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE and Oman established the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

The Economy . First Five Year Development Plan 1970-1975, Second Five Year Development Plan 1976-1980, Third Five Year Development Plan 1980-1985. In 1973, Saudi Arabia produced 377.7 million metric tons of crude petroleum, in 1975 352.3, in 1981 489.4 million (IHS p.363). The high oil prices resulted in a considerable increase of Saudi Arabia's revenues.
In 1973, Saudi Arabia acquired 25 % of Aramco; by 1980 it acquired 100 %.

Social History . Jan Lahmeyer estimates the population of Saudi Arabia in 1973 as 6.764 million, in 1981 as 9.55 million.

Cultural History . Saudi Arab athletes participated in the Summer Olympics of Montreal 1976. Saudi Arabia boycotted the Summer Olympics held in Moscow in 1980.

Wars of Saudi Arabia, 1800-1999, from ACED
Global Currency History : Saudi Arabia (B. Taylor)
Articles Khalid of Saudi Arabia, Faisal of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Aramco, History of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia at the 1976 Summer Olympics
from Wikipedia
History, from Saudi Arabia Information Resource
Regions of Saudi Arabia, from www.statoids.com
Saudi Arabia and the United States, 1931-2002, by Josh Pollack
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : Hejaz, by Ben Cahoon; Rulers : Saudi Arabia, by B. Schemmel
Historical Statistical data : Saudi Arabia, from Population Statistics (J. Lahmeyer)
REFERENCE IHS : International Historical Statistics : Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, edited by B.R. Mitchell, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 4th ed. 2003
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.13, pp.833-841 Article Arabia : Saudi Arabia KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.13
J.E. Peterson, Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1993 [G]
Article : Saudi Arabia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1973 pp.606-607, 1974 p.606, 1975 pp.610-611, 1976 pp.609-610, 1977 pp.608-610, 1978 pp.625-626, 1979 pp.616-617, 1980 pp.614-615, 1981 pp.613-615 [G]
Article : Saudi Arabia, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.1280-1283, 1978-1979 pp.1035-1039, 1980-1981 pp.1039-1044 [G]
Article : Saudi Arabia, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.194-195, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.194-195 [G]
Article : Saudi Arabia, in : Americana Annual 1973 p.589, 1974 pp.511-512, 1976 pp.483-484 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 15th 2007

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