Cyprus 1821-1840

When the Greek Revolt broke out in 1821, the Turkish authorities, the leaders of the secret organization Philike Hetaireia (est. in 1818), among them Archbishop Kyprianos, were accused of plotting against Ottoman rule, sentenced and executed. In 1822 - at a time when the Greek rebels controlled the Aegaean waters - the Ottoman Empire turned Cyprus over to Egyptian administration.
The island had an estimated population of 84,000 in 1822; the island economy was largely based on agriculture. The population consisted to over three quarters of Orthodox Greeks, to about 22 % of Turkish Muslims. Ther Egyptian administration provided for political stability, which permitted sustained growth of population and economy.
Egypt had nominally been a dependence of the Ottoman Empire, but, under Mehmed Ali, developed into a state within a state. In the early 1830es relations between Egypt and the Ottoman Empire deteriorated; in 1833, when an Egyptian force advanced as far as Kütahya, Ottoman authorities offered Cyprus (then under Egyptian control) to the British, an offer the British did not take up.
Following the Egyptian defeat in Syria in 1839/1840, vy greement Cyprus was returned to Ottoman rule.

Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Cyprus, from Kirken i Norge
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Cyprus, Chapter Ottoman Rule
Ottoman Period, from CypNet, site pro TRNC
DOCUMENTS Cyprus, from World Statesmen
Cyprus : Historical Demographic Data of the Whole Country, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on October 24th 2006

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