1918-1941 1944-1980

Macedonia 1941-1944

In April 1941 German forces invaded Yugoslavia and Greece. What later became the Republic of Macedonia was partitioned into a smaller, largely Albanian-inhabited region in the west, occupied by Italian forces and annexed into Albania, and the remainder, occupied by Bulgarian forces.
Following the Italian and Bulgarian surrender in 1943 respectively 1944, the Germans took over the role of force of occupation. In order to reduce troops necessary to occupy the territory to a minimum, the Germans attempted to enlist the aid of Albanian nationals. With the prospect of establishing a larger Albanian nation state, the Second League of Prizren was established in Kosovo in 1943, the Skanderbeg SS Division the same year, which fought partisans. German troops evacuated Greece in August 1944, and what was to be established as the Republic of Macedonia was liberated soon afterward.

Timeline, from BBC News
History of the Republic of Macedonia, from Wikipedia
The Republic of Macedonia - From a Member State of the Yugoslav Federation to a Sovereign and Independent State, from Council for Research into South-Eastern Europe of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (1993)
Article Second League of Prizren from Wikipedia
The Establishment of the Macedonian State during the Second World War, from Reality Macedonia
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Hugh Poulton, Macedonians and Albanians as Yugoslavs, pp.115-135 in : Dejan Djokic (ed.), Yugoslavism. Histories of a Failed Idea, University of Wisconsin Press 2003, KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.7103 D626y
Stephen Clissold (ed.), A Short History of Yugoslavia, Cambridge : UP 1968 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted October 16th 2006

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