Montenegro 1660-1782

In 1687 and 1692 the Turks sacked Cetinje again. In 1697, DANILO PETROVIC was elected Vladika. In 1701 he built ST. PETER'S MONASTERY to replace the monastery established in 1484 by Ivan Crnojevic, which had been destroyed by the Turks in 1692. From 1697 onward, the Vladikas were chosen from the Petrovic family (Njegusi clan), thus beginning the PETROVIC DYNASTY. Because of celibacy, succession went from uncle to nephew.
At Vladika Danilo's orders, Montenegro's Muslim converts were massacred (1709), which caused the Sultan to respond by having Cetinje sacked again in 1712. With Peter the Great's Russia turning it's attention on the Ottoman Empire and it's christian population, Montenegro found an ally; Russian aid was instrumental in rebuilding Montenegro after the Turkish raid of 1712. Montenegrin forces defeated far superior Ottoman forces in 1712 and 1717.
The establishment of the ILLYRIAN PROVINCES in 1799 brought Montenegro in contact with France and resulted in Montenegro being given diplomatic recognition.

History of Montenegro : Montenegro under the Vladikas, 1516-1697, from Montenet
Cetinje Monastery, from
Links to Montenegrin history, from Studyweb
Montenegro under the Vladikas (Bishops), 1516-1697; Danilo Petrovic, the founder of the Petrovic dynasty, from Montenegro,.org
DOCUMENTS Article Montenegro, from Zedlers Universallexikon (1732), posted by Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, in German, 18th century font
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 7th 2004

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