A Multiparty Democracy and Free Society, since 1990

On the toppling of the Ceaucescu regime, a provisional government under Ion Iliescu (NSF) was formed, which was confirmed be elections. The new government entered upon a reform policy; the notorious Securitate was replaced by a new Romanian Intelligence Service.
The reforms brought a drastic cut in the welfare state, combined with a steep rise in the cost of living and rising unemployment figures. Reformist PM P. Roman had to resign in 1991; the nation's Gypsy minority was exposed to an increasingly xenophobic environment. In 1996 the NSF government was replaced by a conservative government; in 2000 the left returned to power. Iliescu was elected president.
Romania joined NATO in 2004 and is scheduled to join the EU in 2007. In 2003 Romania joined the Coalition of the Willing which invaded Iraq, in order to oust dictator Saddam Hussein.
In 1989, Romania had a population of 23.1 million; for 2000 it was estimated at 22.4 million. Romania has one of the highest birth rate figures in Europe; a considerable number of Romanians seek employment (and better pay) abroad.

Revolution, from Brief History of Romania
Timeline, from BBC News
Political Resources on the Net : Romania; Country Reports : Romania, from Polity IV; For the Record 2000 : Romania, from UN Human Rights System; Article Politics of Romania, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS List of Statesmen, from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Historical Population Statistics : Romania, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Statement by Press Secretary Fitzwater on the Situation in Romania, December 27, 1989, posted by Bush Library, TAMU
Statement by Press Secretary Fitzwater on the Violence in Romania, June 14, 1990, posted by Bush Library, TAMU
REFERENCE Article : Romania, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1990-1991 pp.1033-1040, 1991-1992 pp.1033-1040, 1992-1993 pp.1121-1128, 1993-1994 pp.1119-1126, 1994-1995 pp.1118-1125, 1995-1996 pp.1111-1117, 1996-1997 pp.1064-1071, 1997-1998 pp.1070-1077, 1998-1999 pp.1156-1164, 2000 pp.1302-1310, 2001 pp.1268-1275, 2002 pp.1320-1328, 2003 pp.1318-1326, 2004 pp.1323-1331, 2005 pp.1335-1343, 2006 pp.1342-1349 [G]
Entry : Travel Warning - Romania, pp.582-583, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of Romania, Cabinet p.83, Background Notes : Romania, pp.1061-1068, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Entry : Romania, pp.846-849 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]
Article : Romania, in : Americana Annual 1992 pp.456-458, 1993 pp.459-461, 1994 pp.462-463, 1998 pp.438-439, 2006 p.313 [G]
Article : Romania, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1990 pp.491-492, 701, 1991 pp.473-475, 687, 1992 pp.439-440, 687, 1993 pp.450-451, 699, 1994 pp.449-450, 698, 1995 pp.460-461, 698, 1996 pp.458, 698, 1997 pp.463-464, 696, 2002 pp.481, 709 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on October 9th 2006, last revised on March 9th 2007

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