1859-1918 1945-1986

Haiti 1915-1945

The U.S. intervention of 1915 had been aimed at preventing the establishment of a German foothold in the Caribbean. Despite an anti-occupational rebellion in 1917, which was suppressed, the political situation stabilized. Parliament had been dissolved in 1917 (and was not reconvened until 1930). Presidents PHILIPPE SUDRE DARTIGUENAVE (1915-1922) and JOSEPH LOUIS BORNO (1922-1930) ruled by decree, in cooperation with the U.S. authorities.
In 1934, the occupation forces withdrew. In 1937, relations to the neighbouring Dominican Republic became very tense when Dominican President Trujillo had 20,000 Haitians living in the Dominican Republic massacred; a war was only narrowly avoided.
In World War II, Haiti declared war on the Axis powers (1941).

Haiti, from Library of Congress, Country Studies
Articles from Infoplease : Haiti
Early Haiti 1804-1843, links from Bob Corbett's page on Haiti
Articles from Catholic Encyclopedia : Haiti
DOCUMENTS Historical Flags of Haiti, from FOTW
1 Gourde banknote of 1919, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
REFERENCE Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean (1992) London : Penguin 1994 [G]
Chapter XXIX : Columbus Called it Hispaniola, pp.436-453 in : John Gunther, Inside Latin America, NY : Harper & Bros. [G]
Article : Haiti, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1919 pp.972-976, 1924 pp.999-1004, 1925 pp.1007-1011, 1926 pp.976-980, 1928 pp.997-1001, 1929 pp.982-988, 1932 pp.990-994, 1937 pp.1022-1026, 1943 pp.992-996 [G]
Article : Haiti, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.400-402, 1928 pp.354-355, 1930 pp.365-367, 1931 pp.366-368, 1932 pp.331-333, 1933 pp.364-365, 1934 pp.287-288, 1935 pp.334-335, 1936 p.337, 1937 p.332, 1943 pp.337-338, 1944 p.316, 1945 pp.337-338, 1946 pp.341-342 [G]
Article : Haiti, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 pp.329-330, 1945 pp.334-335 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on August 25th 2007

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