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St. Vincent St. Kitts
First posted on June 18th 2002, last revised on November 16th 2010







Barbados was settled by Arawaks in the 4th century A.D.; they were ousted by Caribs in the 13th century. Barbados first appears on a 1519 map. Colonized by settlers from England in 1625. From 1800 to 1885 part of the Windward Islands. From 1958 to 1962 part of the West Indies Federation. Independent in 1962.

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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : Barbados, from Wikipedia
Barbade, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Historical, on the Windies A. Trollope, The West Indies and the Spanish Main, 1860, GB
Historical, on Barbados S. Honey, Letters from the West Indies: relating especially to the Danish island St. Croix, and to the British Islands Antigua, Barbadoes and Jamaica, 1838, GB
Barbados, pp.242-273 in Th.E.Lynch, The Wonders of the West Indies, 1856, GB
Links General from LANIC; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Barbados, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Barbados, from Wikipedia
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
Barbados Museum & Historical Society
The Barbados National Trust
British Caribbean Philatelic Study Group
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines from BBC News, from barbados.org, subfiles on specific topics
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia
Files on the Social History of Barbados (3), from Caribbean History & Slave Society by Pedro L.V. Welch
Historical, of the Caribbean Th. Coke, A history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1808, vol.2, 1810, vol.3, 1811, GB
Th. Southey, Chronological history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1827, GB (out of 3 vols.)
C.E. Meinecke, Versuch einer Geschichte der europaischen Colonien in Westindien, 1831, in German, GB
E. Regnault et al., Histoire des Antilles et des colonies françaises, espagnoles, anglaises .., 1849, in French, GB
Historical, on Barbados J. Poyer, The history of Barbados, 1808, GB
Barbados, pp.312-328 in vol.2 :
Possessions in the West Indies, of R.M. Martin, History of the British Colonies, 2nd ed. 1838, GB
Barbados (illustrated) : historical, descriptive and commercial (1911), posted on Internet Archive
G. Frere, A short history of Barbados : from its first discovery and settlement, to the end of the year 1767 (1768), posted on Internet Archive
R.H. Schomburgk, The history of Barbados; comprising a geographical and statistical description of the island; a sketch of the historical events since the settlement; and an account of its geology and natural productions (1848), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods W.H. Siebert, The Legacy of the American Revolution to the British West Indies and Bahamas (1913), posted on Internet Archive
N.D. Davis, The Cavaliers & Roundheads of Barbados, 1650-1652 (1883), posted on Internet Archive
F.G. Spurdle, Early West Indian government; showing the progress of government in Barbados, Jamaica, and the Leeward Islands, 1600-1783 (1960), posted on Internet Archive
Politics Links Politics of Barbados, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Web : Barbados; Governments on the WWW : Barbados
Foreign Policy Wikipedia : Caribbean Community (member since 1973), Wikipedia : Organization of American States (member since 1967); United Nations (since 1966)
Association of Caribbean States (since 1994)
Article : Foreign Relations of Barbados
Military Article Military of Barbados, from Wikipedia
Military History, from Barbados Museum & History Society
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Barbados, from ODM
Regiments of the British West Indies and Bermuda, by Frank Goodwill
A defence of the conduct of Barbadoes, during the late expedition to Martinique and Guadeloupe, 1760, GB
Economy & Finances Entry Barbados, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
Article Economy of Barbados, from Wikipedia
Catregory : Economy of Barbados, from Wikipedia
Barbados, from Ministry of Rum
W. Cleland, The present state of the sugar plantations consider'd; but more especially that of the Island of Barbados, 1714, GB
Social History Barbados, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Barbados, from Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World
J. Stephen, The slavery of the British West India colonies delineated, vol.1, 1824, vol.2, 1830, GB
W.G. Sewell, The ordeal of free labor in the British West Indies, 1861, GB; on Barbados pp.18-74
Ethnography Languages of Barbados (2), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Barbados
Barbade, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Barbados, from Kirken i Norge
Category : Religion in Barbados, from Wikipedia
Barbadoes, pp.366-372 in J.B. Holmes, Historical sketches of the missions of the United Brethren, 1818, GB
History of Regions Parishes of Barbados, from www.statoids.com
Local History List of Cities in Barbados, from Wikipedia
History of Bridgetown, from Wikipedia
Institutions Barbados, from Airline History
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Barbados
Culture Barbados, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Biographies List of Eastern Caribbean People : Barbadians, from Wikipedia
Others Barbados, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Disaster History by Country : Natural Disasters, Barbados, from Relief Web; History with Tropical Systems : Barbados, from Hurricane City
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
general account of the calamities occasioned by the late tremendous Hurricanes and Earthquakes in the West Indian Islands, Foreign and Domestic, 1781, GB; Barbados pp.30-43

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors Article : United States Ambassador to Barbados, from Wikipedia; Heads of Post : Barbados, from MOFA, Canada
List of High Commissioners from the United Kingdom to Barbados, from Wikipedia
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Barbados, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls
Lists of Bishops
Population Figures from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Psephos (since 1999); from IFES Election Guide
IPU Election Archive : House of Assembly, 1973, 1978. 1983, 1988, 1993, 1998, 2003
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
Selected Articles History of Barbados, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Barbados, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers, from Worldpress.org (links)
Newsreels British Pathe
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Barbados
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Passports of Barbados, from World Passports
Airline Timetable Images : Caribbean Airways, Carib Express
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search Janus
Constitutions, Laws Constitutions of Barbados, from Political Database of the Americas
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Barbados, from ILO, 37 docs. since 1969
Barbados, pp.175-196 in Charles Clark, A summary of colonial law, the practice of the Court of Appeals from the Plantations and of the Laws and their Administration of All the Colonies, 1834, GB
Barbadoes, pp.95-150 in vol.1 of J.H. Howard The laws of the British colonies, in the West Indies and other parts of America concerning Real and Personal Property and the Manumission of Slaves with a View of the Constitution of each Colony, 1827, GB
Treaties United Nations Treaty Database; OAS Treaties and Agreements
U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Treaties; Canada Treaty Information
European Commission Treaties Office
UK Treaties Online; Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NL) Treaty Database; Switzerland Database of International Treaties; Irish Treaty Series
Australian Treaty Database
Israel MOFA Bilateral Agreements
Consular Reports Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations Barbados, pp.753-758 in 1857, GB
Report Barbados 1863, pp.101-106 in House documents, otherwise publ. as Executive documents: 13th congress, (U.S.), 1864, GB
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Monumental Inscriptions, from Jamaican Family Search Genealogical Research Library, scroll down for Barbados
Caribbean GenWeb Project, scroll down for Barbados
Society of Genealogists : West Indies, scroll down for Barbados
English Settlers in Barbados, 1627-1800, from genealogy.com
Barbados Cemetery Records, West Indies, from interment.net
Historical Maps
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article : Barbados, from EB 1911
Article : Barbados, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Article : Barbados, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Barbadoes, pp.31-32 in W. Chapin, The Missionary Gazetteer, 1825, GB
Economic Barbados, p.567 in W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva : or, The merchant's directory, 1773, GB
Barbadoes, p.361 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Barbados, posted by DTBSWS
Barbadoes p.151 in vol.1 of I.S. Homans, A cyclopedia of commerce and commercial navigation, 1859, GB
Geographical Barbados, pp.64-67 in The Present State of the West Indies, 1778, GB
British West Indies : Barbados, pp.829-830 in J. Morse, The American universal geography, 1805, GB
Barbadoes, pp.680-683 in vol.4 of J. Adolphus, The political state of the British Empire, 1818, GB
Barbadoes p.427 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1827, GB
Barbadoes, pp.28-30 in G. Long, America and the West Indies: geographically described, 1845, GB
Historical Of the Island of Barbadoes, pp.587-590 in vol.3 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1746, GB
Barbadoes, pp.500-505 in J.H. Wynne, A general history of the British empire in America, 1770, GB
Barbade, pp.67-81 in vol.22 of F.M. de Marsy et al., Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens, des Persans, des Turcs, des Russiens et des Americains, 1771, in French, GB
Barbadoes, pp.243-248 in vol.4 of W. Winterbotham, An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the American United States and of the European Settlements in America and the West Indies, 1795, GB
Barbadoes, pp.336-342 in W.F. Mavor, The history of the discovery and settlement: to the present time, of North and South America and the West Indies, 1804, GB
Barbadoes, pp.438-439 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world, 1856, GB
Barbadoes, p.1190 in vol.1 of S.G. Goodrich, A history of all nations, 1866, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues D. MacKinnen, A tour through the British West Indies, in the years 1802 and 1803, 1804; pp.1-37 on Barbados
J.H. Stark, Stark's history and guide to Barbados and the Caribbee Islands : containing a description of everything ... including their history ... and resources (1893), posted on Internet Archive
J. Sturge, Th. Harvey, The West Indies in 1837: Being the Journal of a Visit to Antigua, Montserrat, Dominica .. (1838), posted on Internet Archive
W. Young, A tour through the several islands of Barbadoes, St. Vincent, Antigua, Tobago, and Grenada, in the years 1791 & 1792 (1801) posted on Internet Archive
The Seaman's Practical Guide, for Barbados and the Leeward Islands (1832), IA, GB
Barbadoes, pp.23-30 in Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., Guide to the Madeiras, Azores, British and foreign West Indies ..., 1844, GB
Residence Memoirs F.W.N. Bayley, Four years' residence in the West Indies, 1830, GB
H.N. Coleridge, Six Months' Residence in the West Indies in 1825, 3rd ed. 1832, GB
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Barbados Archives, description by Christopher M. Codrington; D.L. Hinson, Barbados Family Research Reference Guide
Museum Directory : Barbados, from Caribbean Museums
Barbados Museum & Historical Society
West Indies Federal Archives Center, Barbados
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Barbados, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : Barbados, bilingual Russian-English page; Barbados Coins, from World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Barbados Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Barbados Stamps 1852-1916, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Barbados survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies Bibliography : Barbados, from NNDB
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications Central Bank of Barbados, Published Works
general bibliographies
Barbados entries
Annotated Bibliography for the English Speaking Caribbean (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, The British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) (In order of importance.), from Florida Coastal School of Law
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
Search genealogical.com for Barbados
booksellers Barbados Books
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on the Caribbean Digital Library of the Caribbean
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On the Caribbean
General Accounts Jan Rogozinsky, A Brief History of the Caribbean. NY : Penguin 1999 [G]
Bryan Edwards, The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British West Indies, 5 Volumes, (London 1819) NY : AMS Press 1966; Barbados Vol.1 pp.316-355
David H. Makinson, Barbados, a Study of North American-West Indian Relations 1739-1789. Den Haag : Mouton 1964
Hilary McD. Beckles, Th Hub of Empire : The Caribbean and Britain in the Seventeenth Century, pp.218-240, in : Nicholas Canny (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.I : TheOrigins of Empire, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 909.0971241 O98o v.3
Specific Topics Barbados, pp.191-218 in : Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002 [G]
Historical Dictionaries
Yearbooks Article : Barbados, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp.658-659 [G]
Article : West Indies, British, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1945 pp.760-761, 1946 pp.823-824 [G]
Article : Barbados, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1947 pp.112-113, 1948 p.109, 1949 pp.95-96 [G]
Article : Barbados, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1950 pp.100-101, 1951 p.97, 1952 p.94, 1953 p.94, 1954 p.93, 1955 p.154, 1956 p.94, 1957 pp.152-153, 1958 p.93 [G]
Article : West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1959 pp.744-746, 1960 pp.744-746, 1961 pp.745-747, 1962 pp.734-736 [G]
Article : Barbados, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963 p.198 [G]
Article : Colonies and Dependent Territories, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964 pp.265-268 [G]
Article : Colonies and Other Dependencies : Barbados, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1965 p.252, 1966 p.203 [G]
Gad Heuman, The British West Indies, pp.470-493 in : Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.III : The Nineteenth Century, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 909.0971241 O98o v.3
Article : West Indies - Barbados, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.227-234, 1898 pp.227-234, 1901 pp.260-270, 1905 pp.290-300, 1910 pp.265-266, 1919 pp.327-328, 1924 pp.327-328, 1925 pp.331-332, 1926 pp.330-331, 1928 pp.328-329, 1929 pp.333-335, 1932 pp.336-337, 1937 pp.360-361, 1943 pp.278-280 [G]
Article : Barbados, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.91, 1928 p.81, 1930 p.97, 1931 p.99, 1932 p.98, 1933 p.89, 1934 pp.103-104, 1935 p.90, 1936 p.81, 1937 p.68, 1943 p.89, 1944 pp.83-84, 1945 pp.84-85, 1946 p.93, 1947 p.72, 1957 pp.81-82 [G]
Article : British West Indies, in : Americana Annual 1946 p.129, 1947 pp.104-105 [G]
Article : West Indies Federation - Barbados, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.827-830, 1963 pp.736-738 [G]
Article : Barbados, in : Americana Annual 1964 pp.89-90 [G]
Article : West Indies - Barbados, in : Americana Annual 1965 pp.744-745 [G]
Article : Barbados, in : The International Year Book 1898 p.87, 1899 p.103 [G]
Article : Barbados, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1967 pp.134-135, 1968 p.130, 1969 pp.132-133, 1970 p.128, 1971 pp.123, 1972 p.112, 1973 p.110, 1974 p.116, 1975 pp.100-101, 1976 p.161, 1977 p.163, 1978 p.217, 1979 p.216, 1980 p.212, 1981 pp.211-212, 1982 p.211, 1983 pp.207-208, 1984 pp.205-206, 1985 pp.589-590, 635, 1986 pp.571, 631, 1987 pp.540, 600, 1988 pp.494, 552, 1989 pp.494-495, 552, 1990 pp.510-511, 568, 1991 pp.495-496, 552, 1992 pp.468-469, 552, 1993 pp.477, 561, 1994 pp.477, 561, 1995 pp.378, 561, 1996 pp.376, 561, 1997 pp.395, 559, 2002 pp.393, 555 [G]
Article : Barbados, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.502-504, 1973-1974 pp.223-225, 1975-1976 pp.224-225, 1976-1977 pp.224-226, 1978-1979 pp.192-195, 1979-1980 pp.191-195, 1980-1981 pp.191-194, 1981-1982 pp.193-197, 1982-1983 pp.194-198, 1983-1984 pp.192-195, 1984-1985 pp.192-194, 1985-1986 pp.191-193, 1986-1987 pp.192-195, 1987-1988 pp.190-192, 1988-1989 pp.190-192, 1989-1990 pp.191-193, 1990-1991 pp.190-193, 1991-1992 pp.189-192, 1992-1993 pp.188-191, 1993-1994 pp.191-194, 1994-1995 pp.186-189, 1995-1996 pp.176-179, 1996-1997 pp.187-190, 1997-1998 pp.193-196, 1998-1999 pp.218-221, 2000 pp.265-269, 2001 pp.261-264, 2002 pp.271-276, 2003 pp.270-274, 2004 pp.272-276, 2005 pp.265-269, 2006 pp.262-267 [G]
Article : Barbados, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.111-112, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.111-112, 4th ed. 1984 pp.111-112 [G]
Entry : Barbados, Cabinet p.11, Background Notes : Barbados, pp.282-285, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Barbados, in : Americana Annual 1967 p.116, 1968 p.110, 1969 p.122, 1970 p.126, 1971 p.133, 1972 p.132, 1973 p.127 [G]
Entry : Barbados, pp.252-255 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]
Entry : Barbados, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.132-135 [G]