History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Haiti Jamaica
First posted on June 26th 2002, last revised on November 15th 2010







For the history of Cuba under Spanish rule see Captaincy General of Cuba.

Following the Spanish-American War 1898 Cuba declared independence in 1902. Revolution in 1959; after the Cuban Missile Crisis 1962, with Soviet support Cuba was transformed into a socialist model welfare state. Following the collapse of the USSR, Cuba entered a prolonged economic crisis.








E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others



WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : Cuba, from Wikipedia
Cuba, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Historical R.H. Davis, Cuba in War Time (1897), posted on Internet Archive
Ch.H.A. Forbes-Lindsay, Cuba and Her People of To-day: An Account of the History and Progress of the Island (1911), posted on Internet Archive
I.A. Wright, Cuba, 1912, GB
Links General from LANIC; from Latin American Studies; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Cuba, from Wikipedia . Categoria : Cuba, from Wikipedia Spanish Edition
on History from Virtual Library History, from Virtual Library Labour History
Category : History of Cuba, from Wikipedia . Categoria : Historia de Cuba, from Wikipedia Spanish Edition
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
Instituto de Historia de Cuba
Cuban Genealogy Center
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines from timelines.ws; from BBC News; by J.A. Sierra
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia . from Wikipedia Spanish Edition
Historical, of Cuba
Specific Periods
Politics Links Politics of Cuba, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Net : Cuba; Governments on the WWW : Cuba
Political Discussion
Foreign Policy Wikipedia : Organization of American States (member 1948-1962); United Nations (since 1945)
Association of Caribbean States (since 1994)
Article : Foreign Relations of Cuba
Military Wars of Cuba, from Armed Conflict Events Data
U.S. War Department, Military notes on Cuba (1898), posted on Internet Archive
Tr. White, Pictorial history of our war with Spain for Cuba's freedom ... including a description and history of Cuba, Spain, Philippine Islands ... (1898), posted on Internet Archive
Economy & Finances Entry Cuba, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor; Article Economy of Cuba, from Wikipedia
Catregory : Economy of Cuba, from Wikipedia
Company Histories : Bacardi Ltd., from Funding Universe
Sicotte, Richard, and Alan Dye. U.S.-Cuban Trade Cooperation and Its Unraveling. Business and Economic History 28, no. 2 (Winter 1999): 19-32.
Social History Cuba: population, history and resources 1907 (1909), posted on Internet Archive
Ethnography Languages of Cuba (3), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Cuba
Cuba, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Cuba, pp.808-810 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Cuba, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Cuba, from Jewish Virtual Library
Category : Religion in Cuba, from Wikipedia
Cuba, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
Patron Saint Index : Cuba
History of Regions Category : Provinces of Cuba, Subdivisions of Cuba, from Wikipedia
Provinces of Cuba, from www.statoids.com
Municipalities of Cuba, from www.statoids.com
Local History List of Cities in Cuba, from Wikipedia
History of La Habana, of Santiago de Cuba, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of Broadcasting in Cuba, from The Broadcasting Archive
Cuba, from Airline History
The Cardenas Electric Tramway, 1914-1929, from Cardenas, Cuba Website; The Tramways of Cuba, by Allen Morrison; Article Ferrocarriles de Cuba, from Wikipedia
Structurae : Cuba
Article : University of Havana : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Cuban Academy of Sciences, from Wikipedia
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Cuba
Culture
Biographies List of Cubans, from Wikipedia
Others Disaster History by Country : Cuba, from Relief Web; Cuba Hurricanes; History with Tropical Systems : Baracoa, Cabo Corrientes, Cienfuegos, Havana, Isla des Pinas, Manzanillo, Nuevitas, from Hurricane City

Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : The Bahamas
Cuba at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Cuba
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors Chinese Ambassadors to Cuba, from PRC MOFA
List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Cuba, from Wikipedia
Embajadores de Mexico en Cuba, from Acervo istorico Diplomatico
Article : United States Ambassador to Cuba, from Wikipedia; Heads of Post : Cuba, from MOFA, Canada
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Cuba, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops
Population Figures from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Historical Abortion Statistics, Cuba, from Johnston's Archive
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Psephos, since 1997; from IFES Election Guide
IPU Election Archive : National Assembly of the People's Power, 1976, 1981, 1986, 1993, 1998, 2003
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques Archivio Nacional de Cuba, Hemeroteca
Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
Selected Articles History of Cuba, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Cuba, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers (links)
Newsreels ICAIC Newsreels in the World Memory, from Cuba Si
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections Category : Historical Images of Cuba, from Wikimedia Commons
Universal Collections
Items on Cuba
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Airline Timetable Images : Aerocaribbean, Aerovias 'Q', Aerolineas del Norte, Cubana de Aviacion, Expreso Aereo Interamericano
Search Scripophily for Cuba
Archival Deposits Portada de Pares, Archivos de Espana
Search National Archives (UK), Österreichisches Staatsarchiv (8 items) for Cuba
Cuba Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Cuba Documentation Project, from National Security Archive
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Cuba, from ILO, 87 docs. since 1919
Treaties United Nations Treaty Database; OAS Treaties and Agreements
U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Treaties; Canada Treaty Information
European Commission Treaties Office
UK Treaties Online; Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NL) Treaty Database; Switzerland Database of International Treaties; Irish Treaty Series
Australian Treaty Database
Israel MOFA Bilateral Agreements
China, pp.1106-1243 in vol.6 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1971, GB
Consular Reports
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Documents: Cuba's Declaration of War with Germany, 7 April 1917, from First World War.com
Mario Menocal on Cuba's Declaration of War, 7 April 1917, from First World War.com
Historical Maps
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Manzanillo, Trinidad, Colon, Matanzas, Havana, Guantanamo, from EB 1911
Religious Articles Cuba, Havana, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907 edition
Article Cuba, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Economic W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Cuba pp.198-203
Geographical Cuba, pp.189-191 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Cuba p.443 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Historical
Other Bradshaw's railway manual, shareholders' guide and official directory for 1867 (vol.19) : Cuba, p.457, Havana and Mariano, p.458, Havana and Matanzas, p.459, Matanzas and Sabanilla, p.460, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Archivo Nacional de Cuba
National Archives, from UNESCO Archives Portal
Academic and Research Libraries - Cuba, from UNESCO Libraries Portal
Category : Museums in Cuba, from Wikipedia
Museum Directory : Cuba, from Caribbean Museums
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, posted by National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Cuba, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : Cuba, bilingual Russian and English page; from World Coin Gallery; search Coin Archives for Cuba
Stamps Rare Cuba Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Cuba 1873-1899, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Cuba survey of bibliographies Bibliographies & Research Guides, from University of Miami Libraries, Cuban Heritage Collection
bibliographic database Biblioteca Digital de Cuba, Bibliografia Cubana 1984-2000
general bibliographies pp.306-359 in J. Suchlicki, Historical Dictionary of Cuba, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1988 [G]
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Bibliography, from Cuban Numismatic Association
serial publications
general bibliographies
Cuba entries
Annotated Bibliography for the English Speaking Caribbean (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, The British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) (In order of importance.), from Florida Coastal School of Law
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
Bibliography : Twentieth Century Latin American Revolutions : Mexico, Bolivia, Cuba and Nicaragua, by Erick Langer
Latin American Books
Online Bibliography on Latin American Environmental History
Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on Caribbean
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on the Caribbean Digital Library of the Caribbean
Digitized Books, from CubaGenWeb
Biblioteca Digital de Cuba
Thesis Server TDX (Theses from Spanish Universities Online; almost exclusively in Spanish); search for Cuba
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On the Caribbean
General Accounts Leslie Bethell, Cuba : A Short History, Cambridge : UP 1993 [G]
Clifford L. Staten, The History of Cuba, Westport CT : Greenwood 2003 KMLA Lib.Sign. 972.91 S797h
Chapter XXX : Cuba's Batista, pp.454-469 in : John Gunther, Inside Latin America, NY : Harper & Bros. [G]
Specific Topics Cuba, pp.251-275, in : Eric R. Wolf, Peasant Wars of the Twentieth Century, NY : Harper Torchbooks 1968 [G]
Evelyn Hu-Dehart, The Chinese of Peru, Cuba and Mexico, pp.220-222 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Ch.C. Griffin, The States of Latin America, pp.516-541 in F.H. Hinsley, The New Cambridge History, vol.XI : Material Progress and World-wide Problems 1870-1898, Cambridge : UP (1962) 1978 [G]
Historical Dictionaries Jaime Suchlicki, Historical Dictionary of Cuba, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1988 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbooks Article : Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp.1080-1083 on events of 1912) [G]
Article Cuba, in : Statesman's Year Book 1905 pp.562-567 (on events of 1904) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1919 pp.780-785, 1924 pp.774-779, 1925 pp.785-790, 1926 pp.761-766, 1928 pp.772-777, 1929 pp.764-770, 1932 pp.770-776, 1937 pp.809-815, 1943 pp.807-814 [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.234-237, 1928 pp.210-212, 1930 pp.230-232, 1931 pp.239-241, 1932 pp.201-203, 1933 pp.213-215, 1934 pp.181-183, 1935 pp.194-196, 1936 pp.195-197, 1937 pp.184-185, 1943 pp.218-219, 1944 pp.209-210, 1945 pp.220-222, 1946 pp.221-223 [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 pp.216-218, 1945 pp.216-218 [G]
Article Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1946 pp.242-243 (on events of 1945) [G]
Article Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1947 pp.245-247 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 pp.230-232 (on events of 1947) [G]
Article Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949 pp.193-194 (on events of 1948) [G]
Article Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1950, p. 212 (on events in 1949) [G]
Article Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951, pp. 212-213 (on events of 1950) [G]
Article Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1952, p.208 (on events in 1951) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1953, pp. 205-206 (on events of 1952) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1954, p. 208 (on events of 1953) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1955, p. 258 (on events of 1954) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1956, pp. 193-194 (on events of 1955) [G]
Article Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1957, pp. 252-253 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1958, pp. 191-193 (on events of 1957) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1959, pp. 189-190 (on events of 1958) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1947 pp.195-196 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.209-210 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1960, pp. 189-191 (on events of 1959) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1961, pp. 198-200 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1962, pp. 188-191 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1963, pp. 300-304 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1964, pp. 295-297 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1965, pp. 277-280 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1966, pp. 228-230 (on events of 1965) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1967, pp. 249-250 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1968, pp. 255-256 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1969, pp. 241-242 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1970, pp. 244-246 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1971, pp. 235-236 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1972, pp. 213-214 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1973, pp. 206-207 (on events of 1972) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1974, pp. 220-221 (on events of 1973) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1975, pp. 202-203 (on events of 1974) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1976, p. 221 (on events of 1975) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1977, pp. 221-222 (on events of 1976) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1978, pp. 269-273 (on events of 1977) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1979, pp. 273-274 (on events of 1978) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1980, pp. 270-272 (on events of 1979) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1981, pp. 269-271 (on events of 1980) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1982, pp. 266-267 (on events of 1981) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1983, pp. 265-266 (on events of 1982) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1984, pp. 261-262 (on events of 1983) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1985, pp. 590-591, 663 (on events of 1984) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1986, pp. 576-577, 659 (on events of 1985) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1988, pp. 499-500, 581 (on events of 1987) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1989, pp. 499-500, 581 (on events of 1988) [G]
Article Cuba, from Britannica Book of the Year 1990, pp. 515-516, 596 (on events of 1989) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.838-844 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.845-850 (data of 1974-1975) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1978-1979 pp.367-373 (data of 1977-1978) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1980-1981 pp.369-374 (data of 1979-1980) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1983-1984 pp.379-384 (data of 1982-1983) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1984-1985 pp.378-383 (data of 1983-1984) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1985-1986 pp.380-385 (data of 1984-1985) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1987-1988 pp.390-395 (data of 1986-1987) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1988-1989 pp.392-397 (data of 1987-1988) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1989-1990 pp.395-400 (data of 1988-1989) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1990-1991 pp.394-399 (data of 1989-1990) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.123-124 [G]
Article : Cuba, in : The World in Figures 2nd ed. 1978 pp.123-124 [G]
Article : Cuba, in : The World in Figures 4th ed. 1984 pp.123-124 [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.195-199 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.198-202 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1963 pp.187-191 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1964 pp.187-189 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1965 pp.204-205 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1967 pp.225-227 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1968 pp.213-215 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1969 pp.221-222 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1970 pp.225-226 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1971 pp.228-229 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1972 pp.220-221 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1973 pp.213-214 (on events of 1972) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1974 pp.192-193 (on events of 1973) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1976 pp.202-203 (on events of 1975) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1989 pp.200-201 (on events of 1988) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1990 pp.197-198 (on events of 1989) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1991-1992 pp.394-399, 1992-1993 pp.460-465, 1993-1994 pp.467-472, 1994-1995 pp.457-461, 1995-1996 pp.451-456, 1996-1997 pp.391-396, 1997-1998 pp.400-405, 1998-1999 pp.442-447, 2000 pp.510-516, 2001 pp.496-502, 2002 pp.517-523, 2003 pp.515-521, 2004 pp.516-522, 2005 pp.514-520 [G]
Entry : Travel Warning - Cuba, pp.462-465, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of Cuba, Cabinet pp.31-32, Background Notes : Guyana, pp.465-469, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Americana Annual 1992 pp.206-207, 1993 pp.206-207, 1994 pp.199-200 [G]
Article : Cuba, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.481-482, 592, 1994 pp.481-482, 592, 1995 pp.397-398, 592 [G]