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St. Vincent Venezuela
First posted on June 18th 2002, last revised on January 23rd 2009







Discovered in 1498, a 1609 English attempt to settle the island was unsuccessful due to the hostility of the Caribs. In 1650 a French company purchased Grenada from England; in 1762 France ceded Grenada to Britain. In the late 18th century, the Government of Grenada included Dominica, St. Vincent and Tobago. From 1833 to 1958 Grenada was part of the Windward Islands Colony. Grenada was granted autonomy in 1967, full independence in 1974. In 1979 the island nation was invaded by U.S. forces.

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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : Grenada, from Wikipedia
Grenade, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Historical, on the Windies A. Trollope, The West Indies and the Spanish Main, 1860, GB
Historical, on Grenada Grenada, pp.274-281 in Th.E.Lynch, The Wonders of the West Indies, 1856, GB
Links General from LANIC; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Grenada, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Grenada, from Wikipedia
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
British Caribbean Philatelic Study Group
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines from BBC News
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia
Historical, of the Caribbean Th. Coke, A history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1808, vol.2, 1810, vol.3, 1811, GB
Th. Southey, Chronological history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1827, GB (out of 3 vols.)
C.E. Meinecke, Versuch einer Geschichte der europaischen Colonien in Westindien, 1831, in German, GB
E. Regnault et al., Histoire des Antilles et des colonies françaises, espagnoles, anglaises .., 1849, in French, GB
Historical, on Grenada Grenada, pp.266-283 in vol.2 : Possessions in the West Indies, of R.M. Martin, History of the British Colonies, 2nd ed. 1838, GB
Specific Periods W.H. Siebert, The Legacy of the American Revolution to the British West Indies and Bahamas (1913), posted on Internet Archive
Politics Links Category : Politics of Grenada, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Web : Grenada; Governments on the WWW : Grenada
Foreign Policy Wikipedia : Caribbean Community (member since 1974), Wikipedia : Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (founding member 1981); Wikipedia : Organization of American States (member since 1975); United Nations (since 1974)
Association of Caribbean States (since 1994)
Article : Foreign Relations of Grenada
Military Category : Military of Grenada, from Wikipedia
Wars of Grenada 1800-1999, from ACED
Grenada 1979-1984. Lying - One of the Few Growth Industries in Washington, from William Blum, Killing Hope, posted by Third World Traveller
CASCON Case GRE : Grenada 1983, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
Grenada, from Airline History
Regiments of the British West Indies and Bermuda, by Frank Goodwill
Economy & Finances Entry Grenada, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor; Article Economy of Grenada, from Wikipedia
Category : Economy of Grenada, from Wikipedia
Grenada, from Ministry of Rum
Social History Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Grenada
J. Stephen, The slavery of the British West India colonies delineated, vol.1, 1824, vol.2, 1830, GB
W.G. Sewell, The ordeal of free labor in the British West Indies, 1861, GB; on Grenada pp.84-89
Ethnography Languages of Grenada (3), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Grenada
Grenade, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Grenada, from Kirken i Norge
Category : Religion in Grenada, from Wikipedia
Local History
Institutions Grenada, from Airline History
Structurae : Grenada; Search Lighthouse Explorer for Grenada
Culture Grenada at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Biographies Lists of Eastern Caribbean People, scroll down for Grenada
Others Disaster History by Country : Grenada, from Relief Web; History with Tropical Systems : Grenada, from Hurricane City
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors Article : United States Ambassador to Grenada, from Wikipedia; Heads of Post : Grenada, from MOFA, Canada
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Grenada, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops
Population Figures from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Psephos, since 2002; from IFES Election Guide, since 2002
IPU Election Archive : House of Representatives, 1976, 1984, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2003
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
Selected Articles History of Grenada, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Grenada, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers (links)
Newsreels British Pathe
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Grenada
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Airline Timetable Images : Airline of Carriacou, Grenada Airways
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search Janus
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Grenada, from ILO, 28 docs. since 1979
Grenada, pp.197-312 in Charles Clark, A summary of colonial law, the practice of the Court of Appeals from the Plantations and of the Laws and their Administration of All the Colonies, 1834, GB
Grenada, pp.151-214 in vol.1 of J.H. Howard The laws of the British colonies, in the West Indies and other parts of America concerning Real and Personal Property and the Manumission of Slaves with a View of the Constitution of each Colony, 1827, GB
Treaties United Nations Treaty Database; OAS Treaties and Agreements
U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Treaties; Canada Treaty Information
European Commission Treaties Office
UK Treaties Online; Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NL) Treaty Database; Switzerland Database of International Treaties; Irish Treaty Series
Australian Treaty Database
Israel MOFA Bilateral Agreements
Consular Reports
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections
Historical Maps
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Grenada, from EB 1911
Article Grenada, Grenadinen, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Grenada, p.147 in W. Chapin, The Missionary Gazetteer, 1825, GB
Economic Grenada, p.568 in W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva : or, The merchant's directory, 1773, GB
Tobago, St. Vincent, Grenada etc., p.363 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
Geographical Grenada, pp.61-63 in The Present State of the West Indies, 1778, GB
British West Indies : Grenada and the Grenadines, pp.831-832 in J. Morse, The American universal geography, 1805, GB
Grenada, pp.684-687 in vol.4 of J. Adolphus, The political state of the British Empire, 1818, GB
Grenada, pp.23-24 in G. Long, America and the West Indies: geographically described, 1845, GB
Historical Of the French Islands in the Atlantic Ocean : Granada, p.608 in vol.3 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1746, GB
Grenada, Tobago, St. Vincent, Dominica, pp.511-522 in J.H. Wynne, A general history of the British empire in America, 1770, GB
La Grenade, pp.129-135 in vol.22 of F.M. de Marsy et al., Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens, des Persans, des Turcs, des Russiens et des Americains, 1771, in French, GB
Grenada, pp.255-267 in vol.4 of W. Winterbotham, An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the American United States and of the European Settlements in America and the West Indies, 1795, GB
Grenada, pp.342-346 in W.F. Mavor, The history of the discovery and settlement: to the present time, of North and South America and the West Indies, 1804, GB
Grenada, p.445 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world, 1856, GB
Grenada, p.1190 in vol.1 of S.G. Goodrich, A history of all nations, 1866, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues J. Sturge, Th. Harvey, The West Indies in 1837: Being the Journal of a Visit to Antigua, Montserrat, Dominica .. (1838), posted on Internet Archive
W. Young, A tour through the several islands of Barbadoes, St. Vincent, Antigua, Tobago, and Grenada, in the years 1791 & 1792 (1801) posted on Internet Archive
Grenada, pp.31-37 in Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., Guide to the Madeiras, Azores, British and foreign West Indies ..., 1844, GB
Residence Memoirs F.W.N. Bayley, Four years' residence in the West Indies, 1830, GB
H.N. Coleridge, Six Months' Residence in the West Indies in 1825, 3rd ed. 1832, GB
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Museum Directory : Grenada, from Caribbean Museums
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, posted by de la Grenade
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Grenada, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : from World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Bahamas Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Grenada Stamps 1861-1913, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Grenada survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies B.A. Steele, Grenada : an Annotated Bibliography of Social Sciences & Humanities Works Published 1763 - 1950 (1989) 2000
Grenada Revolution Online, Bibliography of the Grenada Revolution
serial publications
general bibliographies
Grenada entries
Annotated Bibliography for the English Speaking Caribbean (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, The British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) (In order of importance.), from Florida Coastal School of Law
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on the Caribbean Digital Library of the Caribbean
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On the Caribbean
General Accounts Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean (1992) London : Penguin 1994 [G]
Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002
Bryan Edwards, The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British West Indies, Vol.1-5 (London 1819) NY : AMS Press 1966; Grenada Vol.1 pp.352-396
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries
Yearbook Entries Article Grenada, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp. 656-657 (on events of 1912) [G]
Article West Indies, British, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1945, pp. 760-761 (on events in 1945) [G]
Article West Indies, British, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1946, pp. 823-824 (on events in 1945) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1947 pp.835-836 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 p.801 (on events of 1947) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949 p.684 (on events of 1948) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1950, p. 736 (on events in 1949) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951, pp. 738-739 (on events in 1950) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1952, pp. 738-739 (on events in 1951) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1953, pp. 747-748 (on events in 1952) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1954, p. 747 (on events in 1953) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1955, pp. 809-810 (on events in 1954) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1956, p. 746 (on events in 1955) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1957, p. 809 (on events in 1956) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1958, p. 749 (on events in 1957) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1959, pp. 744-746 (on events in 1958) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1960, pp. 744-746 (on events in 1959) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961, pp. 745-747 (on events in 1960) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962, pp. 734-736 (on events in 1961) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963, p. 852 (on events in 1962) [G]
Article Colonies and Dependent Territories, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964, pp. 265-268 (on events in 1963) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1965, p. 253 (on events in 1964) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966, p. 204 (on events in 1965) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966, pp. 219-222 (on events in 1965) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Grenada, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1968, p. 216 (on events in 1967) [G]
Article Dependent States : Grenada, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1969 pp.273, 276-277 (on events in 1968) [G]
Article Dependent States : Grenada, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1970 p.277 (on events in 1969) [G]
Article Dependent States : Grenada, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1971 pp.266-268 (on events in 1970) [G]
Article Dependent States : Grenada, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 pp.238-239, 244 (on events in 1971) [G]
Article Dependent States : Grenada, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1973 pp.229-230, 235 (on events in 1972) [G]
Article Dependent States : Grenada, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1974 pp.246-247, 252 (on events in 1973) [G]
Article Dependent States : Grenada, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1975 pp.230-231 (on events in 1974) [G]
Article : West Indies : Windward Islands : Grenada, in : Statesman's Year Book 1910 p.270, 1919 p.335, 1924 pp.335-336, 1925 pp.339-340, 1926 p.339, 1928 p.338, 1929 p.343, 1932 pp.345-346, 1937 pp.369-370, 1943 p.288 [G]
Article : Leeward and Windward Islands : Grenada, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.170-171 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.397 (on events of 1926) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1928 p.349 (on events of 1927) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1930 p.364 (on events of 1929) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1931 p.363 (on events of 1930) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1932 p.330 (on events of 1931) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1933 p.361 (on events of 1932) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1934 p.285 (on events of 1933) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1935 pp.331-332 (on events of 1934) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1936 p.334 (on events of 1935) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1937 p.329 (on events of 1936) [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1943 p.332 (on events of 1942) [G]
Article : Grenada and Grenadines, in : Americana Annual 1944 p.312 (on events of 1943) [G]
Article : Windward Islands - Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1945 p.757; Grenada and the Grenadines p.332 (on events of 1944) [G]
Article : Windward Islands - Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1946 pp.790-791 (on events of 1945) [G]
Article : Windward Islands - Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1947 pp.768-769 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article : Windward Islands - Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.841-842 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article : West Indies Federation - Windward Islands - Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.827-830 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : West Indies Federation - Windward Islands - Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1963 pp.736-738 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : Windward Islands - Grenada, in : Americana Annual 1964 p.723 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : West Indies - Windward Islands, in : Americana Annual 1965 pp.744-745 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article Grenada, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1975 pp.334-335, 1976 p.372, 1977 p.374, 1978 p.417, 1979 pp.409-410, 1980 pp.412-413, 1981 pp.411-412, 1982 pp.408-409, 1983 pp.404-405, 1984 pp.406-407, 1985 pp.592, 689, 1986 pp.579-580, 686, 1988 pp.502, 607, 1989 pp.502, 608, 1990 pp.518, 623 [G]
Terry M. Mays, Historical Dictionary of Multinational Peacekeeping, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 1996 [G]
Article : Grenada, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.321-322, 1978-1979 pp.551-552, 1980-1981 pp.552-553, 1983-1984 pp.561-562, 1984-1985 pp.560-562, 1985-1986 pp.561-563, 1987-1988 pp.571-573, 1988-1989 pp.573-575, 1989-1990 pp.578-580, 1990-1991 pp.578-580, 1991-1992 pp.577-579, 1992-1993 pp.649-652, 1993-1994 pp.654-657, 1994-1995 pp.645-648, 1995-1996 pp.643-646, 1996-1997 pp.588-590, 1997-1998 pp.595-598, 1998-1999 pp.646-648, 2000 pp.746-749, 2001 pp.725-728, 2002 pp.755-758, 2003 pp.757-760, 2004 pp.760-763, 2005 pp.760-763 [G]
Article : Grenada, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.128-129, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.128-129, 4th ed. 1984 p.129 [G]
Entry : Travel Warning - Guyana, pp.494-495, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of Grenada, Cabinet p.43, Background Notes : Grenada, pp.621-624, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Entry : Grenada, pp.514-517 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]
Entry : Grenada, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.201-204 [G]