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Guatemala Honduras
First posted on June 16th 2002, last revised on November 23rd 2010







Spanish conquest in the 1520s. Part of the Captaincy of Guatemala 1538-1821. Part of the United Provinces of Central America 1821-1839; independent since the disintegration of the former in 1839. One of the "Banana Republics".







E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others



WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : El Salvador, from Wikipedia
Library of Congress, Country Studies : El Salvador
Historical Bureau of the American Republics, Salvador : general descriptive data prepared in June 1909, posted on Internet Archive
Links General from LANIC; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from Sources and General Resources on Latin America
Category : El Salvador, from Wikipedia
on History from Virtual Library History; Category : History of Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
Historical Text Archive : El Salvador
El Salvador, small, but densely populated, The Rotarian, August 1945
Organizations
Historical Dictionaries
Portals
Timelines from BBC News; from timelines.ws
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia
Historical H.H. Bancroft, History of Central America, vol.1 (1887), vol.2 (1887), vol.3 (1887), posted on Internet Archive
R. Reyes, Nociones de historia del Salvador: Precedidas de un resumen de historia universal (1885) in Spanish, posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods El Salvador 1945-1992, by F.E. Smitha
Mario Bencastro, A Shot in the Cathedral (1990 novel trsl. from the Spanish)
Politics Politics of El Salvador, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Net : El Salvador; Governments on the WWW : El Salvador
Category : Elections in El Salvador, from Wikipedia
El Salvador, in : Kenneth Janda, Political Parties : A Cross-National Survey
Military Wars of El Salvador, 1800-1999, from ACED
Orders, Decorations and Medals of El Salvador, from ODM
El Salvador 1980-1994. Human Rights, Washington Style, from William Blum, Killing Hope, posted by Third World Traveller
CASCON Case ELS : El Salvador 1980-1992, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
Latin American Para-Military Groups : Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front, from Global Security
CASCON Case ESH : El Salvador-Honduras 1969, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
E. Salvador Civil War, from Global Security
Articles : Salvadoran Civil War, Farabundo Marti National Liberation Fund, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances Entry El Salvador, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
Article Economy of El Salvador, Category : Economy of El Salvador, from Wikipedia
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : El Salvador
Social History El Salvador, from Crime and Society. a Comparative Criminology Tour of the World by R. Winslow
Ethnography Languages of El Salvador (6), from Ethnologue
Category Languages of El Salvador, from Wikipedia
El Salvador : Indigenous People, from Minorities at Risk
San Salvador, p.797 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Salvador, pp.4376-4390 in vol.6B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : El Salvador, from El Salvador
Category : Religion in El Salvador, from Wikipedia
Patron Saint Index : Nicaragua
History of Regions Article Departments of El Salvador, Municipalities of El Salvador from Wikipedia
Departments of El Salvador, from www.statoids.com; Municipalities of El Salvador, from www.statoids.com
Local History List of Cities in El Salvador, from Wikipedia
San Salvador : History, from Wikipedia
Institutions El Salvador, from Airline History
Structurae : El Salvador
Search Lighthouse Explorer for El Salvador
Allen Morrison, The Tramways of San Salvador
Culture Articles El Salvador at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of Salvadorans, from Wikipedia
Biography of Oscar Romero, from Kellogg Institute at the University of Notre Dame
Others International Boundary Studies, search for El Salvador
El Salvador, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Disaster History : El Salvador, from Relief Web
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
World Casino Directory : El Salvador

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from El Salvador by Ben Cahoon; from El Salvador, by B. Schemmel; from El Salvador, by Enno Schulz, illustrated
Lists of Ambassadors Embajadores de Mexico en El Salvador, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Lists of Consuls Political Graveyard : El Salvador, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls
Lists of Bishops Article : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Salvador, from Wikipedia
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Direccion General de Estadistica y Censos, El Salvador
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : El Salvador, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Estimates of Death Tolls in El Salvador, 1931-1932, posted by Matthew White, scroll down
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Economic Indicators Economic Indicators, from Trading Economics, since 1995
Election Results from El Salvador (since 1999); from IFES Election Guide
IPU Election Archive : El Salvador, Asamblea Legislativa 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006
Hemerotheques
Selected Articles World History Archives : The History of El Salvador, recent newspaper articles
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : El Salvador, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers, from Worldpress.org (links)
TV News, Newsreels ABC News Video Source 1896-, U.S., commercial
Films, Documentaries M.J. Iafrate, El Salvador Documentaries, Vox Nova
Radical Franciscans, Documentary on Irish Francxiscans in El Salvador
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on El Salvador
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Passports of Salvador, from World Passports
Airline Timetable Images : TACA
Search Scripophily for Salvador
Archival Deposits El Salvador Documentation Project, from National Security Archive; El Salvador 1980-1994, from National Security Archive
Guatemala, p.202 in Guide to the Materials in London Archives for the History of the United States since 1783, 2010, GB
Constitutions, Laws La Constitucion de la Republica, from El Salv. Nat'l Assembly, in Spanish, has the constitutions of 1824, 1841, 1864, 1872, 1880, 1883, 1886, 1939, 1950, 1962, 1983
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by El Salvador, from ILO, 25 docs. since 1919
Treaties Environmental Treaties : El Salvador, from Pop Planet
Peace Agreements Digital Collection : El Salvador, from United States Institute of Peace
El Salvador, pp.462-601 in vol.7 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1971, GB
Consular Reports
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Truth Commissions : El Salvador, from United States Institute of Peace
Historical Maps Responsible Authority El Salvador, Centro Nacional de Registros
collections Mapas e Foto Satellite de El Salvador, posted by Zonu
El Salvador Maps, PCL, UTexas
Atlas of El Salvador, from Wikimedia Commons
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Central America, El Salvador
Category : Old Maps of Central America, Maps of the History of Central America, from Wikimedia Commons
Historical Map Archive : Historical Maps of Central America
PRINT : Carolyn Hall, Hector Perez Brignoli, Historical Atlas of Central America, Norman : University of Oklahoma Press 2003 [G]
Central America, Modern Map : Mesoamerican Languages, from Titus
Central America, Contemporary Map of Central America 1892, from Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas
El Salvador, Modern
El Salvador, Contemporary
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles San Salvador, Salvador, from EB 1911
Articles Salvador, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles San Salvador, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907 edition
Central America, from New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge
Economic Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Das vormals Spanische Amerika : Guatemala and Central America, vol.4 1844 pp.112-113, posted by DTBSWS
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Salvador p.206
Geographical San Salvador, p.186 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Salvador p.441 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Ethnological Central America pp.156-186, in vol.11 of L.H. Gray, The Mythology of all Races, 1920, GB
The Chiriqui Potters and Veragua Goldsmiths pp.280-281 in A.H. Keane, The World's Peoples: A Popular Account of Their Bodily & Mental Characters , 1908, GB
Historical
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues R.G. Dunlop, Travels in Central America: being a journal of nearly three years' residence, 1847, GB
J. Fröbel, Seven years' travel in Central America, northern Mexico, and the far West of the United States, 1859, GB
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Libraries in El Salvador, from LibDex
El Salvador, from Repositories of Primary Sources : Latin America (UIdaho)
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW : El Salvador; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes El Salvador Banknotes, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : El Salvador, bilingual Russian-English page
El Salvador Coins, from World Coin Gallery; Search Coin Archives for El Salvador, San Salvador; El Salvador, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins
Stamps Rare El Salvador Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery, Stamps El Salvador Stamps 1867-1897, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on El Salvador survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies pp.149-157 in P.F. Flemion, Historical Dictionary of El Salvador, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1972 [G]
Bibliography El Salvador, from NNDB
from The Online Books Page
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications
general bibliographies
El Salvador entries
Library of Congress HLAS Online Handbook of Latin American Studies (Bibliography)
Latin American Books
Online Bibliography on Latin American Environmental History
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
International Boundary Studies
TDX (Theses from Spanish Universities Online; almost exclusively in Spanish)
on El Salvador
Thesis Server TDX (Theses from Spanish Universities Online; almost exclusively in Spanish); search for Costa Rica
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On Central America Dialogos. Revista Electronica in Spanish, on Costa Rican & Central American Historiography
Revista de Historia 2004, 2005 online
Historiography Article : Latin American Historiography (excluding Mexico and Brazil) - Writing on the precolonial and colonial periods from the sixteenth century to the present day, by G.L. Vasquez, pp.534-542, Article : Latin American Historiography (excluding Mexico and Brazil) - The National Period, 1820-1990, pp.542-545 in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts Thomas A. Skidmore, Peter H. Smith, Modern Latin America, NY : Oxford UP 5th edition 2001, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 980 S628m
E. Bradford Burns, Latin America, A Concise Interpretive History, Eaglewood NJ : Prentice Hall 6th edition (1972) 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 980 B967l
Thomas L. Pearcy, The History of Central America, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 972.8 P359h
Clifford Krauss, Inside Central America, Its People, Politics and Culture, NY : Summit 1991; on Guatemala pp.53-110 [G]
Specific Topics L. Bethell, Central America since Independence, Cambridge : UP 1991 [G]
Historical Dictionaries Terry M. Mays, Historical Dictionary of Multinational Peacekeeping, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 1996 [G]
Historical Atlas Carolyn Hall, Hector Perez Brignoli, Historical Atlas of Central America, Norman : University of Oklahoma Press 2003 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Article : Central America, in : The American Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events 1863 pp.173-174 [G]
Article : Salvador, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp.1096-1098 [G]
Article : Salvador, in : Statesman's Year Book 1878 pp.572-575, 1895 pp.917-919, 1898 pp.917-920, 1901 pp.1030-1033, 1905 pp.1116-1120 [G]
Article : Central America, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.169-171 [G]
Article : Salvador, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.687-688 [G]
Article : Salvador, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1894 pp.708-709 [G]
Article : Salvador, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1919 pp.1227-1230, 1924 pp.1263-1267, 1925 pp.1270-1274, 1926 pp.1234-1237, 1928 pp.1274-1277, 1929 pp.1250-1254, 1932 pp.1271-1275, 1937 pp.1305-1309, 1943 pp.1263-1268 [G]
Article : Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.779-780, 1928 pp.712-713, 1930 pp.698-699, 1931 pp.694-696, 1932 pp.650-651, 1933 pp.701-702, 1934 pp.539-540, 1935 pp.644-645, 1936 pp.660-661, 1937 pp.634-635, 1938 pp.626-627, 1939 pp.689-690, 1940 p.697, 1943 pp.648-649, 1944 pp.624-625, 1945 pp.637-638, 1946 pp.661-662 [G]
Article : Central America, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 pp.167-168, 1945 pp.168-169 [G]
Article : Salvador, El, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 p.620, 1945 pp.621-622 [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1946, pp.655-656 (on events of 1945) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1947, p.676 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1948, pp.658-659 (on events of 1947) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1949, p.573 (on events of 1948) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1950, pp.610-611 (on events of 1949) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1951, p.613 (on events of 1950) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1952, pp.614-615 (on events of 1951) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1953, pp.622-623 (on events of 1952) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1954, p.625 (on events of 1953) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1955, pp.673-674 (on events of 1954) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1956, pp.610-611 (on events of 1955) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1957, pp.671-672 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article Salvador, El, from Britannica Book of the Year 1958, pp.612-613 (on events of 1957) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1959, pp.229-230 (on events of 1958) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1960, pp.229-230 (on events of 1959) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1961, pp.242-243 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1962, pp.231-232 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1963, pp.345-346 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1964, pp.341-342 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1965, p.333 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1966, pp.278-279 (on events of 1965) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1967, p.321 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1968, p.323 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1969, p.321 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1970, pp.323-324 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1971, p.308 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.876-880 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1947 pp.627-628 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.255-256 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.239-240 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.240-241 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1963 pp.223-224 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1964 p.220 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1965 p.253 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1967 p.259 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1968 pp.245-246 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1969 p.276 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1970 p.278 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article El Salvador, from Britannica Book of the Year 1972, p.275, 1973, pp.269-270, 1974, p.282, 1975, pp.265-266, 1976, pp.309-310, 1977, p.305, 1978, p.352, 1979, p.343, 1980, pp.341-342, 1981, pp.344-345, 1982, pp.341-342, 1983, pp.339-340, 1984, pp.339-340, 1985, pp.575-576, 672, 1986, pp.578-579, 668, 1988, pp.502, 590, 1989, pp.501-502, 590, 1990, pp.517-518, 605 [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.892-896, 1978-1979 pp.425-429, 1980-1981 pp.426-430, 1983-1984 pp.438-442, 1984-1985 pp.436-440, 1985-1986 pp.438-442, 1987-1988 pp.449-453, 1988-1989 pp.451-455, 1989-1990 pp.454-458, 1990-1991 pp.453-457, 1991-1992 pp.453-457, 1992-1993 pp.519-523, 1993-1994 pp.525-529, 1994-1995 pp.513-517, 1995-1996 pp.509-513, 1996-1997 pp.449-453, 1997-1998 pp.458-462, 1998-1999 pp.502-506, 2000 pp.579-583, 2001 pp.560-564, 2002 pp.584-588, 2003 pp.587-591, 2004 pp.587-591, 2005 pp.586-590 [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.126-127, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.126-127, 4th ed. 1984 pp.127-128 [G]
Entry : Background Notes - El Salvador pp.116-123, Travel Warning - El Salvador, pp.477-479, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of El Salvador, Cabinet pp.35-36, Background Notes : Guyana, pp.520-527, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1971 p.283, 1972 p.268, 1973 p.266 [G]
Article : Central America - El Salvador, in : Americana Annual 1974 p.165, 1976 p.164, 1989 pp.170-178, 1990 pp.167-174, 1992 pp.178-184, 1993 pp.172-177, 1994 pp.176-180 [G]
Entry : El Salvador, pp.438-443 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]