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Honduras Costa Rica
First posted on June 16th 2002, last revised on November 22nd 2010







Spanish conquest in the 1520s. Part of the Captaincy of Guatemala 1538-1821. Part of the United Provinces of Central America 1821-1839; independent since 1839. One of the "Banana Republics"; in 1860 the disputed Mosquito Coast was annexed. 1909-1933 U.S. occupation. 1936-1979 Somoza dictatorship. 1979-1990 Sandinista rule.

Captaincy of Guatemala, 1538-1821
Conquest of Central America






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Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
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Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others



WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Nicaragua
Historical E.G. Squier, Nicaragua : its people, scenery, monuments, resources, condition, and proposed canal (1860), posted on Internet Archive
Links General from LANIC; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from Sources and General Resources on Latin America
Category : Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
on History from Virtual Library History; from Virtual Library Labour History; Category : History of Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
Historical Text Archive : Nicaragua
Organizations
Historical Dictionaries
Portals
Timelines from BBC News, from timelines.ws
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia; from Nicaragua, Nicaraguita
Historical H.H. Bancroft, History of Central America, vol.1 (1887), vol.2 (1887), vol.3 (1887), posted on Internet Archive
G.F. Oviedo y Valdes, Histoire du Nicaragua (1840) in French, posted on Internet Archive
P.F. Stout, Nicaragua; past, present and future, 1859, GB
Specific Periods J.S. Zelaya, The revolution of Nicaragua and the United States (1910), IA
Articles United States Occupation of Nicaragua, History of Nicaragua (1979-1990), from Wikipedia
Politics Politics of Nicaragua, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Net : Nicaragua
Governments on the WWW : Nicaragua
Category : Elections in Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
Nicaragua, in : Kenneth Janda, Political Parties : A Cross-National Survey
Military Wars of Nicaragua 1800-1999, from Armed Conflict Events Data
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Nicaragua, from ODM
Nicaragua 1981-1990. Destabilization in Slow Motion, from William Blum, Killing Hope, U.S. interventions in the Third World, posted by Third World Traveller
CASCON Case NIC : Nicaragua 1980-1990, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
D.B. Lucas, Nicaragua, War of the Filibusters (1896), posted on Internet Archive
Ch.W. Doubleday, Reminiscences of the "Filibuster" War in Nicaragua (1886), posted on Internet Archive
J.C. Jamison, With Walker In Nicaragua Or Reminiscences Of An Officer Of The American Phalanx (1909), posted on Internet Archive
Walker's Expeditions, from FAS
Minor Military Deployments and Actions, from Simonides Warzone, on US troop deployments 1833-1992, in part on Nicaragua
Central America - The Late War in Nicaragua, in : The United States Democratic review. / Volume 40, Issue 1 pp.9-24, from Cornell Digital Library
Nicaragua Intervened in Revolution in Honduras, in "The Great Round World and What is Going on in it" Vol.1 No.29, May 1897 , posted in Gutenberg Library Online
CASCON Case NCR : Nicaragua - Costa Rica 1955-1956, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
CASCON Case NCH : Nicaragua - Honduras 1957-1960, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
Economy & Finances Entry Nicaragua, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
Article Economy of Nicaragua, Category : Economy of Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
Global Integrity : Nicaragua 2004, Nicaragua 2006
D. Pector, Etude economique sur la Republique de Nicaragua (1893) in French, posted on Internet Archive
F.C. Harrison, Monetary reform for Nicaragua. Report presenting a plan of monetary reform for Nicaragua (1912), posted on Internet Archive
M. Gismondi, J. Mouat Merchants, Mining, and Concessions on Nicaragua's Mosquito Coast: Reassessing the American Presence, 1893-1912 (2002)
Social History Nicaragua, from Crime and Society. a Comparative Criminology Tour of the World by R. Winslow
Ethnography Languages of Nicaragua (10), from Ethnologue
Category Languages of Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
Nicaragua : Indigenous People, from Minorities at Risk
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Nicaragua
Article : Chinese Nicaraguan, from Wikipedia
Article Miskito, from Wikipedia
Nicaragua, pp.797-799 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Nicaragua, pp.3821-3832 in vol.5B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Nicaragua, from Kirken i Norge
Category : Religion in Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
Patron Saint Index : Nicaragua
History of Regions see Mosquitia
Article Departments of Nicaragua, Municipalities of Nicaragua from Wikipedia
Departments of Nicaragua, from www.statoids.com; Municipalities of Nicaragua, from www.statoids.com
Local History Municipalities of Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
Bluefields : History, Managua : History, Leon, Nicaragua : History, from Wikipedia
Institutions Nicaragua, from Airline History
Structurae : Nicaragua
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Nicaragua
Institutions Nicaragua Canal Project W.E. Simmons, The Nicaragua Canal (1900), posted on Internet Archive
Ulysses S. Grant, The Nicaragua Canal (1881), posted on Internet Archive
The Maritime Canal of Nicaragua (1890), posted on Internet Archive
E. Bernard, Nicaragua and the interoceanic canal (1874), posted on Internet Archive
Ch.E. Chapman, An American experiment in Nicaragua (1922), posted on Internet Archive
H.I. Sheldon, Notes on the Nicaragua Canal (1897), posted on Internet Archive
W.L. Merry, San Francisco and the Nicaragua Canal (1900), posted on Internet Archive
P. Cudmore, Buchanan's Conspiracy, the Nicaragua Canal, and Reciprocity (1892), posted on Internet Archive
Report of the Nicaragua Canal Commission, 1897-1899 (1899), posted on Internet Archive
G.Th. Weitzel, American policy in Nicaragua. Memorandum on the convention between the United States and Nicaragua relative to an interoceanic canal and a naval station in the Gulf of Fonseca, signed at Managua, Nicaragua, on February 8, 1913, posted on Internet Archive
L.M. Keasbey, The Nicaragua Canal and the Monroe Doctrine: A Political History of Isthmus Transit (1896), posted on Internet Archive
Nicaragua Convention and Canal, in : The Living age ... / Volume 26, Issue 324, p.236, August 1850, from Cornell Digital Library
British Aggression in Central America, from The United States Democratic review. / Volume 28, Issue 151, pp.3-15, Jan. 1851, from Cornell Digital Library
Nicaragua and the Interoceanic Canal, from : The American Whig review. / Volume 15, Issue 87, pp.256-265, Mar. 1852, from Cornell Digital Library
The Commercial Aspects of the Canal Across the American Isthmus, in : Manufacturer and builder / Volume 12, Issue 5, p.107, May 1880, from Cornell Digital Library; Pt.2 : Vol.12 Issue 10, pp.218-219, Oct. 1880
The Monroe Doctrine and the Isthmian Canal, in : The North American review. / Volume 130, Issue 282, pp.499-512, May 1880, from Cornell Digital Library
The Nicaragua Route to the Pacific, by Daniel Ammen, in : The North American review. / Volume 131, Issue 288, pp.440-447, Nov. 1880, from Cornell Digital Library
The Nicaragua Canal, by General U. S. Grant, in : The North American review. / Volume 132, Issue 291, pp.107-117, Feb. 1881, from Cornell Digital Library
The Isthmus Canal and our Government, by Stuart Weld, in : The Atlantic monthly. / Volume 63, Issue 377 pp.351-364, Mar. 1889, from Cornell Digital Library
The Isthmus Canal and American Control, by Stuart F. Weld, in : The Atlantic monthly. / Volume 64, Issue 383 , pp.289-303., Sept. 1889, from Cornell Digital Library
The Diplomacy and Law of the Isthmian Canals, by Sidney Webster, in : Harper's new monthly magazine. / Volume 87, Issue 520, pp.602-609, Sept. 1893, from Cornell Digital Library
Our Benefits from the Nicaragua Canal, by Arthur Silva White, in : The North American review. / Volume 161, Issue 469, pp.720-726, Dec. 1895, from Cornell Digital Library
A Spanish View of the Nicaragua Canal, by Captain Jose Guitierrez Sobral, in : The North American review. / Volume 164, Issue 485, pp.462-472, April 1897, from Cornell Digital Library
The Latest Aspects of the Nicaragua Canal Project, by Corry M. Stadden, in : The North American review. / Volume 167, Issue 505, pp.698-710, Dec. 1898, from Cornell Digital Library
Advantages of the Nicaragua Canal, by Capt. A. S. Crowninshield, U.S.N., in : The Century; a popular quarterly. / Volume 57, Issue 3, pp.458-467, Jan. 1899, from Cornell Digital Library
The Nicaragua Canal, by Hon. T. B. Reed, in : The North American review. / Volume 168, Issue 510, pp.552-563, May 1899, from Cornell Digital Library
Panama vs. Nicaragua Canal, from The Great Round World and What is Going on in it, Vol.1 No.15, 1897
The Nicaragua Canal, from TED Mandala Projects
Culture Articles Nicaragua at the Olympics, Sport in Nicaragua, Football in Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of Nicaraguans, from Wikipedia
Search NNDB for Nicaragua
Others International Boundary Studies, search for Nicaragua
Nicaragua, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Disaster History : Nicaragua, from Relief Web; History with Tropical Systems : Bluefields, Cabo Gracias a Dios, Prinxapolca, from Hurricane City
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
World Casino Directory : Nicaragua

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from Nicaragua by Ben Cahoon; from Nicaragua, by B. Schemmel; from Nicaragua, by Enno Schulz, illustrated
Lists of Ambassadors Article : United States Ambassador to Nicaragua, from Wikipedia; Heads of Post : Nicaragua, from MOFA Canada; Embajadores de Mexico en Nicaragua, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Lists of Consuls Political Graveyard : Nicaragua, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls
Lists of Bishops Articles : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Managua, Diocese of Esteli, Granada, Jinotega, Juigalpa, Leon, Matagalpa
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Instituto Nacional de Informacion de Desarollo, Nicaragua
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Nicaragua, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Population of the New World : Central America, pp.81-83 in Memoirs Read before the Anthropological Society of London, 1865, GB
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Economic Indicators Economic Indicators, from Trading Economics, since 1995
Election Results from Nicaragua (since 1999); from IFES Election Guide
Lijphart's Elections Archive : Nicaragua
IPU Election Archive : Nicaragua, Asamblea Nacional 1972, 1974, 1984, 1990, 1996, 2001
Hemerotheques
Selected Articles World History Archives : The History of Nicaragua, recent newspaper articles
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Nicaragua, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers, from Worldpress.org (links)
A Plea for the Annexation of Central America by the United States, from The Living age ... / Volume 50, Issue 636, pp.311-313, from Cornell Digital Library
The Central American Difficulty, in : The Living age ... / Volume 50, Issue 638 pp.440-442, August 1856, from : Cornell Digital Library
British Encroachments and Aggressions in Central America. The Mosquito Question, in : The American Whig review. , Pt.1 : Vol.11 No.26, Feb. 1850, pp.188-204, Pt.2 : Vol.11 No.27, Mar. 1850, pp.235-269, from Cornmell Digital Library
Films on History/Society Most Popular Documentaries with Country of Origin : Nicaragua, from IMDb
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Nicaragua
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Passports of Nicaragua, from World Passports
Airline Timetable Images : Aeronica, LANICA, Nica, TACA de Nicaragua
Search Scripophily for Nicaragua
Archival Deposits Nicaragua 1978-1990, from National Security Archive
Nicaragua, pp.195-202 in Guide to the Materials in London Archives for the History of the United States since 1783, 2010, GB
Constitutions, Laws Constitution of 1987/1995, from Base de Datos Politicos de las Americas at Georgetown, in Spanish
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Nicaragua, from ILO, 59 docs. since 1919
Treaties Environmental Treaties : Nicaragua, from Pop Planet
Tratado de amistad, comercio y navegacion entre Nicaragua y S.M.B., Feb. 11th 1860
The Treaty with Nicaragua, in : The United States Democratic review. / Volume 41, Issue 6, pp.419-426, June 1858, from Cornell Digital Library
Abrogation of the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty - Central America, Mexico, and Cuba, in : The United States Democratic review. / Volume 42, Issue 6, pp.441-454, from Cornell Digital Library
Traite d'Amitie, de Commerce et de Navigation entre la Belgique et le Nicaragua, 1858, pp.517-525 in vol.49 of British and Foreign State Papers, 1867, GB
Convention between Great Britain and Nicaragua for the Regulation of Communication by Post, 1859, pp.20-26 in vol.49 of British and Foreign State Papers, 1867, GB
Treaty with Nicaragua 1867, pp.549-562 in vol.15 (Dec. 1867 - Mar. 1869) of The statutes at large, treaties, and proclamations of the United States of America, 1869, GB
Nicaragua, pp.335-444 in vol.10 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1972, GB
Tratado de paz y de amistad .. entre la Espana y la Republica di Nicaragua .. 1850, pp.34-37 in Tratados de Espana, 1869, in Spanish, GB
Consular Reports Nicaragua, Greytown, pp.51-54 in vol.2 of Reports from Her Majesty's consuls on the manufactures, commerce .., 1864, GB
Nicaragua, Greytown, pp.404-405 in vol.6 of Reports from Her Majesty's consuls on the manufactures, commerce .., 1868, GB
Search Bulletin Consulaire Français (GB) for Nicaragua
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Documents relative to Central American affairs, and the enlistment question, 1856, GB
Correspondence between Great Britain and the United States, respective Central America, 1854-1856, pp.244-325 in vol.46 of British and foreign state papers, 1865, GB
Correspondence relative to the permission given to the Consul-General in London for Guatemala and Costa Rica to purchase arms in England for the use of those Governments, 1854-1856, pp.784-804 in vol.46 of British and foreign state papers, 1865, GB
Correspondence and other papers relative to the Republics of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito Indians, and the Convention between the United States and Great Britain of April 19 1850, pp.1-146 in Senate Documents, 1856, GB
Central American Affairs, pp.18-96 in Correspondence of the Department of State, 1856, GB
Nicaragua, pp.686-704 in Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, pt.2, 1868, GB
Great Britain and Central America, 1858-1860, pp.96-328 in vol.50 of British and foreign state papers, 1867, GB
Historical Maps Responsible Authority
collections Mapas e Foto Satellite de Nicaragua, posted by Zonu
Maps of Nicaragua, 1851, 1855, 1858, from American Memory
Category : Old Maps of Nicaragua, Maps of the History of Nicaragua, from Wikimedia Commons
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Central America, Nicaragua
Category : Old Maps of Central America, Maps of the History of Central America, from Wikimedia Commons
Historical Map Archive : Historical Maps of Central America
PRINT : Carolyn Hall, Hector Perez Brignoli, Historical Atlas of Central America, Norman : University of Oklahoma Press 2003 [G]
Central America, Modern Map : Mesoamerican Languages, from Titus
Central America, Contemporary Map of Central America 1892, from Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas
Nicaragua, Modern
Nicaragua, Contemporary
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary Nicaragua Canal, from history map
Nicaragua Canal Map 1906, from Probert Encyclopedia
Nicaragua Canal Map 1919, from etc
Early Map of Nicaragua Canal, Mappery
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article : Nicaragua, p.57 in vol.16 of Encyclopaedia Perthensis, 1816, GB
Articles Nicaragua, Managua, Leon, Nicaragua, Greytown, Mosquito (scroll down for Mosquito Coast and Reserve) from EB 1911
Articles Nicaragua, Moskitoküste, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Nicaragua, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907 edition
Central America, from New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge
Economic Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Das vormals Spanische Amerika : Guatemala and Central America, vol.4 1844 pp.112-113, posted by DTBSWS
Captaincy General of Guatemala, pp.1154-1155; Spanish American Republics : Central America, or Guatemala pp.1233-1241 in vol.3 of J. MacGregor, Commercial Statistics, 1847, GB
Entry : Nicaragua, San Juan de, in vol.2 of I.S. Homans, A cyclopedia of commerce and commercial navigation, 1860, GB
Geographical The Isthmus of Panama and Nicaragua, pp.109-119; Central America pp.119-136 in G. Long et al., America and the West Indies: geographically described, 1845, GB
Central America, pp.551-556 in W. Hughes, A manual of geography, 1861, GB
Nicaragua, pp.186-187 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Central America, pp.565-570 in W.L. Bevan, The student's manual of modern geography, 1869, GB
Nicaragua p.442 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Ethnological Central America pp.156-186, in vol.11 of L.H. Gray, The Mythology of all Races, 1920, GB
The Chiriqui Potters and Veragua Goldsmiths pp.280-281 in A.H. Keane, The World's Peoples: A Popular Account of Their Bodily & Mental Characters , 1908, GB
Historical Nicaragua, pp.275-278 in S.G. Goodrich, Peter Parley's Pictorial History of North and South America, 1868, GB
Other Bradshaw's railway manual, shareholders' guide and official directory for 1867 (vol.19) : Nicaragua, p.420, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues F. Boyle, A ride across a continent: wanderings through Nicaragua and Costa Rica, 1868, GB
R.G. Dunlop, Travels in Central America: being a journal of nearly three years' residence, 1847, GB
Bedford Pim, Dottings on the roadside, in Panama, Nicaragua, and Mosquito, 1869, GB
J. Fröbel, Seven years' travel in Central America, northern Mexico, and the far West of the United States, 1859, GB
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Libraries in Nicaragua, from LibDex
Nicaragua, from Repositories of Primary Sources : Latin America (UIdaho)
Archivo General de la Nacion
Archivo Nacional de Nicaragua, from Manfut
M. Chirino Ramos, Los archivos de Nicaragua: problematica y situacion actual
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW : Nicaragua; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Nicaragua, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : Nicaragua, bilingual Russian-English page
Nicaragua Coins, from World Coin Gallery; Search Coin Archives for Nicaragua; Nicaragua, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins
Stamps Rare Argentina Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery, Stamps Nicaragua 1862-1905, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Nicaragua survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies pp.483-503 in H.K. Meyer, Historical Dictionary of Nicaragua, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1972 [G]
Article Bibliography of Nicaragua, from Wikipedia
from The Online Books Page
Bibliography Nicaragua, from NNDB
C.L. Holland, Bibliografia sobre Nicaragua
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Bibliography from Feminism in Nicaragua
E. Langer, The 20th Century Latin American Revolutions : Mexico, Cuba, Bolivia and Nicaragua, Bibliography
Bibliografia Nicaragua (Perioda Comunista), from Alerta 360
Invasion desde Nicaraguaa Costa Rica : Octubre 1954 - Diciembre 1955, Bibliograf?
serial publications
general bibliographies
Nicaragua entries
Library of Congress HLAS Online Handbook of Latin American Studies (Bibliography)
Latin American Books
Online Bibliography on Latin American Environmental History
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
International Boundary Studies
TDX (Theses from Spanish Universities Online; almost exclusively in Spanish)
on Nicaragua Digital Library of the Caribbean
Thesis Server TDX (Theses from Spanish Universities Online; almost exclusively in Spanish); search for Costa Rica
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On Central America Dialogos. Revista Electronica in Spanish, on Costa Rican & Central American Historiography
Revista de Historia 2004, 2005 online
Historiography Article : Latin American Historiography (excluding Mexico and Brazil) - Writing on the precolonial and colonial periods from the sixteenth century to the present day, by G.L. Vasquez, pp.534-542, Article : Latin American Historiography (excluding Mexico and Brazil) - The National Period, 1820-1990, pp.542-545 in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts Thomas A. Skidmore, Peter H. Smith, Modern Latin America, NY : Oxford UP 5th edition 2001, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 980 S628m
E. Bradford Burns, Latin America, A Concise Interpretive History, Eaglewood NJ : Prentice Hall 6th edition (1972) 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 980 B967l
Thomas L. Pearcy, The History of Central America, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 972.8 P359h
Chapter IX : The Banana Republics, pp.131-146, in : John Gunther, Inside Latin America, NY : Harper & Bros. 1940 [G]
Specific Topics Clifford Krauss, Inside Central America, Its People, Politics and Culture, NY : Summit 1991; on Nicaragua pp.110-177 [G]
L. Bethell, Central America since Independence, Cambridge : UP 1991 [G]
Historical Dictionaries Terry M. Mays, Historical Dictionary of Multinational Peacekeeping, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 1996 [G]
Harvey K. Meyer, Historical Dictionary of Nicaragua, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1972 [G]
Historical Atlas Carolyn Hall, Hector Perez Brignoli, Historical Atlas of Central America, Norman : University of Oklahoma Press 2003 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp.1090-1092 [G]
Article : Central America, 1944 pp.167-168, 1945 pp.168-169 [G]
Article : Nicaragua, 1944 pp.506-507, 1945 pp.502-503, 1946, pp.533-534, 1947, pp.554-555, 1948, pp.532-533, 1949, pp.471-472, 1950, p.497, 1951, p.507, 1952, pp.510-511, 1953, p.510, 1954, pp.515-516, 1955, pp.561-562, 1956, p.498, 1957, p.559, 1958, pp.497-498, 1959, pp.495-496, 1960, pp.492-493, 1961, pp.496-497, 1962, pp.491-492, 1963, pp.609-610, 1964, pp.610-611, 1965, pp.586-587, 1966, pp.573-574, 1967, pp.580-581, 1968, pp.577-578, 1969, pp.567-568, 1970, pp.568-569, 1971, pp.550-551, 1972, p.512, 1973, p.502, 1974, pp.506-507, 1975, pp.516-517, 1976, pp.543-544, 1977, p.544, 1978, p.570, 1979, pp.560-561, 1980, pp.558-560, 1981, pp.560-561, 1982, p.563, 1983, pp.553-554, 1984, pp.554-555, 1985, pp.578-579, 750, 1986, pp.584, 748, 1988, pp.505-506, 669, 1989, pp.506-507, 669, 1990, pp.522, 685 [G]
Statesman's Yearbook 1878 pp.555-557, 1895 pp.797-799, 1898 pp.797-799, 1901 pp.894-898, 1905 pp.967-971, 1919 pp.1099-1104, 1924 pp.1146-1151, 1925 pp.1155-1160, 1926 pp.1120-1124, 1928 pp.1152-1156, 1929 pp.1132-1137, 1932 pp.1149-1154, 1937 pp.1187-1192, 1943 pp.1130-1135, 1970-1971 pp.1185-1190, 1975-1976 pp.1185-1190, 1978-1979 pp.911-916, 1980-1981 pp.920-924, 1983-1984 pp.915-919, 1984-1985 pp.914-918, 1985-1986 pp.915-919, 1987-1988 pp.920-923, 1988-1989 pp.922-926, 1989-1990 pp.934-938, 1990-1991 pp.935-939, 1991-1992 pp.935-939, 1992-1993 pp.1023-1027, 1993-1994 pp.1023-1027, 1994-1995 pp.1024-1028, 1995-1996 pp.1018-1022, 1996-1997 pp.971-975, 1997-1998 pp.979-982, 1998-1999 pp.1054-1058, 2000 pp.1197-1201, 2001 pp.1168-1172, 2002 pp.1216-1220, 2003 pp.1216-1220, 2004 pp.1221-1225, 2005 pp.1229-1233 [G]
Other Article : Central America, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.169-171 [G]
Article : Nicaragua, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.563-564 [G]
Article : Nicaragua, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1886 pp.653-654, 1894 pp.546-549 [G]
Article : Nicaragua, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.631-634, 1928 pp.586-589, 1930 pp.578-579, 1931 pp.561-562, 1932 pp.534-535, 1933 pp.565-566, 1934 p.442, 1935 pp.526-527, 1936 p.530, 1937 pp.518-519, 1938 pp.508-509, 1939 pp.579-580, 1940 p.584, 1943 p.549, 1944 pp.525-526, 1945 pp.537-538, 1946 pp.552-553, 1947 pp.505-506, 1957 pp.569-570, 1961 pp.537-538, 1962 pp.546-547, 1963 pp.486-487, 1964 pp.483-484, 1965 p.522, 1967 pp.497-498, 1968 pp.495-496, 1969 pp.501-502, 1970 pp.503-504, 1971 pp.501-502, 1972 pp.501-502, 1973 pp.502-503 [G]
Article : Central America : Nicaragua, in : Americana Annual 1974 p.165, 1976 p.163 [G]
Article : Nicaragua, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.138-139, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.138-139, 4th ed. 1984 pp.138-139 [G]
Entry : Travel Warning - Nicaragua, pp.560-562, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of Nicaragua, Cabinet p.75, Background Notes : Guyana, pp.969-974, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Entry : Nicaragua, pp.774-779 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]
Article : Central America - Nicaragua, in : Americana Annual 1989 pp.170-178, 1990 pp.167-174, 1992 pp.178-184, 1993 pp.172-177, 1994 pp.176-180 [G]