History of Afghanistan 1933-1945





Afghanistan 1918-1933



In 1919, HABIBULLAH KHAN - widely regarded pro-British - was assassinated. He was succeeded by his son AMANULLAH KHAN who declared a holy war (JIHAD) on the British - the THIRD AFGHAN WAR (1919). Shortly after the Peace of Rawalpindi was signed, based on the status quo ante. In this war, Afghanistan established her independence from British influence; to that effect the treaty of amity signed by Afghanistan with the RSFSR (1919) may be intended.
Only in 1926 did Amanullah proclaim himself king; he imposed a number of social reforms, alienating an Islamist opposition. In 1929 Amanullah had to flee the country. A brief period of Tajik rule followed, which again was followed by the rule of MOHAMMAD NADIR SHAH.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Timetable History of Afghanistan, from BBC News
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Afghanistan
DOCUMENTS
REFERENCE Violet Conolly, Soviet Economic Policy in the East, London : Oxford UP 1933; pp.76-91 on Afghanistan [G]
Article : Afghanistan, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1918 pp.632-636, 1919 pp.635-640, 1924 pp.650-654, 1925 pp.654-658, 1926 pp.636-640, 1928 pp.642-646, 1929 pp.636-640, 1932 pp.641-644 [G]
Article : Afghanistan, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.8, 1928 pp.12-13, 1930 p.14, 1931 p.13, 1932 pp.7-8, 1933 pp.6-7 [G]
Article : Afghanistan, in : New International Year Book 1919 pp.13-14, 1920 pp.11-12, 1921 pp.15-16, 1923 pp.16-17, 1925 p.16, 1928 pp.16-17, 1930 p.14, 1932 pp.11-12, 1933 pp.10-11 [G]
Article : Afghanistan, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 pp.16-17, 1933 p.17 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 6th 2002, last revised on September 14th 2008

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