1868-1917 History of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 1925-1945

Bukhara 1917-1925

During the Russian Revolution a number of competing organizations emerged - a Tashkent Committee of the Provisional Government and a Tashkent Soviet, both with a pro-Menzhevik tendency, a Bolzhevik Council of People's Commissars (also in Tashkent), and a Muslim Provisional Government of Autonomous Turkestan (in Kokand, Sept. 1917). Hostilities between the Soviet and the Muslim Provisional Government broke out in January 1918; by February their capital Kokand was taken by the Red Army. Muslim resistance, however, continued in form of the Basmachi Rebellion, which, in the mountains of Fergana and Tajikistan, was to continue until 1933.
In September 1920, Soviet troops occupied Bukhara, terminated the monarchy. The People's Republic of Bukhara was founded. In February 1922 the Bukharan Communist Party was placed under the Russian Communist Party. In the same year, Basmachi leader (and Young Turk politician) Enver Pasha was killed. In December 1922 the USSR was created, Bukhara formally not being part.
In 1923 a Central Asian Economic Council consisting of the ASSR Turkestan and the People's Republics of Bukhara and Khorezm was established. In 1924 the People's Republic of Bukhara was transformed into a Bukharan SSR, thus formally joining the USSR. In 1925, Bukhara, Khorezm and Turkestan were merged to form the Uzbek SSR.

Major Events relevant to Central Asian History (since 1600), from oxuscom
Article Basmachi Revolt, from Wikipedia
Basmachi. Turkistan National Liberation Movement, 1916-1930s, by H.B. Paksoy
Basmachi Rebellion 1916-1931, from ACED
DOCUMENTS Flag of Bukhara within the USSR, from FOTW
Khans / Emirs of Bukhara, from World Statesmen
Orders, Decorations and Medals : Bukhara
Basmachi Movement from Within : Account of Zeki Velidi Togan, by H.B. Paksoy, from Archive of Turkish Oral Narrative
REFERENCE Article : Russia : Bokhara, in : Statesman's Year Book 1918 pp.1238-1239, 1919 pp.1213-1214 [G]
Article : USSR : Bokhara, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1924 pp.1256-1257, 1925 pp.1264-1265, 1926 pp.1228-1229 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 31st 2002, last revised on September 14th 2008

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