History of Iran Persia 1828-1848






Persia 1795-1828


Administration . Iran was an absolute monarchy. Shah Agha Muhammad Khan, after campaigning for controling the country since 1781, established himself as ruler of Iran in 1794 and had himself crowned Shah in 1796; he was assassinated in 1797. Fath Ali Qajar ruled from 1797 to 1834. Tehran became national capital in 1795, succeeding Shiraz.

Foreign Policy . Years of internal struggle (1781-1794) and the assassination of Agha Muhammad Shah in 1797 had resulted in the vassal statelets in Caucasia and Central Asia being neglected. Agha Muhammad Shah campaigned to restore Persian control, into Georgia in 1795, to Meshhed in 1799-1800 etc.
Meanwhile, the Russian Empire extended her influence in the region to the south of the Caucasus mountains; In 1804-1813 and again in 1826-1828, Perso-Russian Wars were fought. The former ended in the Treaty of Golestan 1813, the latter in the Treaty of Turkmanchai, in which Persia ceded claims to all territory north of the Aras River to Russia.
In 1816 a brief war with Afghanistan was fought, in 1821-1822 a war with the Ottoman Empire.
Britain (the E.I.C.) hoped to win Persia as an ally; in 1801 in an Anglo-Persian Treaty the Shah agreed not to admit Frenchmen onto Persian territory.






EXTERNAL
FILES
History of Iran, from Persian Outpost
Timeline of Iranian History, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Iran
Article Fath Ali Shah Qajar, Great Game, from Wikipedia
Iran, from Global History of Currencies
History of Iran : Qajar Dynasty, from Iran Chamber Society
Anglo-Iranian Relations, from Iranica
DOCUMENTS Iranian Statesmen, from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Historical Population Statistics : Iran, from Population Statistics (J. Lahmeyer)
Article : Persia, in : EB 1911
REFERENCE



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 28th 2007

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