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Ottoman Empire Mughal Empire
First posted on June 13th 2010, last revised on December 9th 2011

Nader Shah ousted the brief Aghan Hotaki Dynasty from Iran, conquered Afghanistan, Khiva, Iraq, restored Persian suzerainty over the Caucasus, invaded the Punjab, sacked Delhi, capital of the once powerful Mughal Empire. Terminating the Safavid Dynasty in 1736, he established the Afsharid Dynasty.
Following his assassination in 1747, his empire quickly disintegrated.
The Emirate of Khwarezm or Khiva resumed its independence; the Durrani Empire in Afghanistan established independence; the Ottoman Empire retook Iraq. In 1750 the Afsharid Dynasty was ousted by the Zand Dynasty in all provinces of Iran except for Khorasan. Here the descendants of Nader Shah held on to power until 1796, when Khorasan was annexed by the Qajar Dynasty . The Afsharid capital, from 1750 to 1796, was Mashhad.

Historical Atlas : Iran Page, Western Central Asia Page, Western Asia Page
List of Wars : Iran

Students' Papers : Kim, Sun Hoo, History of Food and Nutrition in West Asia (2009)

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Country Profiles Current Article : Wikipedia from Wikipedia
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from dmoz; List of Iran-related Topics, from Wikipedia; Category : Iran, from Wikipedia
Virtual Library Iran
on History from Virtual Library History; from Virtual Library Women's History; from persia.org; from Pars Times
Category : Persian History; Category : History of Iran, from Wikipedia
Articles in the Category "History of Persia", from EB 1911
History-Related Articles, from Kurdistanica
Organizations Iran Heritage Foundation
Foundation for Iranian Studies
British Institute of Persian Studies
Institut français de recherche en Iran (IFRI)
Institute of Iranian Studies, Univ. of St. Andrews; Centre for Iranian Studies, Durham Univ.
International Society for Iranian Studies (ISIS)
DIWAN, Association des doctorants en histoire des mondes musulmans medievaux
Historical Dictionary Encyclopaedia Iranica
Kurdistanica, Digital Encyclopedia of Kurdistan
B. d'Herbelot et al., Bibliotheque orientale : ou Dictionnaire universel contenant tout ce qui fait connoitre les Peuples d'Orient, vol.1 : A-E, 1777, vol.2 : F-M, 1778, vol.3 : N-Z, 1778, vol.4, 1779, in French, GB
A Shi'ite Encyclopedia, from DILP
Iranian History Glossary
Timelines from Encyclopedia of the Orient; from BBC News, from timelines.ws; from Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas (scan, covers 20th century); from mage.com; from On the Matrix
Accounts of History Iranian Perspective from Salam Iran, Iran's History in Brief, from Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Ottawa, Canada
Problems in Kurdish Historiography, from Kurdistanica
other Perspective modern from Iran Photo Album, from Iransaga, 11 chapters; from Tamasha, 12 chapters, from Lonely Planet, from Iran Chamber Society
Article History of Iran, from Wikipedia; from Crime and Society, A Comparative Criminology of the World (Robert Winslow)
historical P.M. Sykes, A History of Persia (1915), v.1, v.2, posted on IA
Specific Periods Father Krusinski, The history of the late revolutions of Persia (1733), vol.1, vol.2, posted on IA
J. Fraser, The history of Nadir Shah, formerly called Thamas Kuli Khan, the present Emperor of Persia, 1740, GB
J. Hanway, The Revolutions of Persia, containing the Reign of Shah Sultan Hussein; the Invasion of the Afghans and the Reigns of Sultan Mir Maghmud and his successor Sultan Ashreff, with the History of his celebrated Successor Nadir Kouli from his birth in 1687 to his death in 1747, and some particulars of the unfortunate reign of his successor Adil Shah, vol.1, 1753, vol.2 1762, GB
Historiography Iranian Perspective Mohamad Tavakoli-Targhi, Refashioning Iran: Orientalism, Occidentalism, and historiography, 2001 book, posted by google books
Fereydoun Adamiyat, Problems in Iranian Historiography, 1971 book accessible through jstor
Kamran M. Dadkhah, Myths and Facts in Iranian Historiography, CIRA Bulletin 1999
on Iranian Perspective Rudi Matthee, Introduction to Historiography and Representation in Safavid and Afsharid Iran , 1998 article accessible through jstor
other Perspective
Foreign Policy, Foreign Relations Search Encyclopaedia Iranica
R.R. Dawes, A History of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations with Persia (1887), posted on Internet Archive
G. Berchet, La Repubblica di Venezia e la Persia (1865) in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
R.R. Davies, A History of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations with Persia (1887), posted on Internet Archive
Military See WHKMLA, List of Wars : Iran
Military History of Iran, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Iran; History of Persian Carpets, from Iran Chamber Society
Iranian Oil History in Brief, from Iranian Journalist
Search Encyclopaedia Iranica
J. Hanway, An historical account of the British trade over the Caspian sea vol.1, 1753, vol.2, 1753, GB
Ethnography, Social History Languages of Iran (69), from Ethnologue
Minorities at Risk, scroll down for Iran - Arabs, Azerbaijanis, Bakhtiari, Baluchis, Kurds, Turkmen
Country Report Iran, from U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (1997-2006)
Migration Information Source : Iran
Article Iranian Kurdistan, from Wikipedia
Armenians in Iran, from Iran Chamber Society
Category : Languages of Iran, from Wikipedia
Article : Demographics of Iran, from Wikipedia
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Iran
Search Encyclopaedia Iranica
F. Barth, Nomads of South Persia (1961), posted on IA
Religion Religion in Iran, from netiran; Category Religion in Iran, from Wikipedia
Mosques of Iran, from Iran Page (images only, locations not given)
Zoroaster and Zoroastrians in Iran, from Iran Chamber Society; Zoroastrian Sacred Sites in Iran, from Places of Peace and Power
Jews of Iran, from Jewish Virtual Library; A Brief History of Iranian Jews, from Iran Chamber Society; Iran, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
A Brief History of Christianity in Iran, from Farsinet; Historical Churches in Iran, from Iran Chamber Society
History of Regions Provinces of Iran, Counties of Iran, from www.statoids.com
Iranian Provinces, from Iran Chamber Society
History of Khuzestan, from Wikipedia
M.B. al Hasan B. Isfandiyar, History of Tabaristan; computer may have difficulty displaying characters properly; transcribed into English
Article : Provinces of Iran, from Wikipedia
Category : Provinces of Iran, from Wikipedia
Abu Musa and the Tunbs, from The Persian Gulf
St. John Lovett and Euan Smith, Eastern Persia (Vol I) (1876), posted on Internet Archive
Local History Articlev Cities of Iran, from Wikipedia
History of Tehran, from greatestcities.com, from Wikipedia
History of Isfahan, from Wikipedia; History of Mashhad, from Wikipedia; History of Abadan, from Wikipedia; History of Tabriz, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions
Culture & Science Online Publications on the History of Iranian Architecture, posted by ArchNet
History of Painting in Iran, from Farhangsara
Article History of Contemporary Medicine in Iran, from Wikipedia
The Persian Calendar, by Holger Oertel
A History of Muslim Philosophy, Ch. LIII : Persian Literature, Ch. LXXVII : Renaissance in Iran, Ch. LXVIII : renaissance in Iran (Cont.)
Biographies List of Iranians, from Wikipedia; Iranian Personalities, from Iran Chamber Society
Iran, from Executed Today
Others International Boundary Studies, search for Iran
Disaster History by Country : Iran, from Relief Web
Crime and Society : A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Iran
Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Iran; Epidemiology of Drug Use in Iran, from UNODC
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Article Rulers of Iran, from Wikipedia
Documents Image Databanks Europeana
Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits Guide to India Office Records relating to Iran, from British Library
Iran Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Search Your Archives for Iran (UK National Archives)
Constitutions, Laws
Treaty Collections Pertaining to Iran
Document Collections Digital Persian Archive, Universität Marburg
Individual Documents
Historical Maps click WHKMLA Historical Atlas, Iran Page
Atlas of Iran, from Wikimedia Commons
Search Atlas of Mutual Heritage for Iran, Bushehr, Esfahan, Kerman, Fort Mosselstein, Shiraz
Map : Turkic Languages, from Titus
Maps : Languages of the Caucasus, Iranian Languages from Titus
Iran Historical Maps : Safavid, Afsharid, Zand, Qajar, Pahlavi Eras, from Iran Politics Club
Encyclopedia Entries
Economic In Persia, p.381 in vol.1 of W. Gordon, The Universal Accountant and Complete Merchant, 1770, GB
Of the Trade of the Gulph of Persia, Of the Inland Trade of Persia, pp.641-644 in W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva: or, The merchant's directory, 1773, GB
Of the Empire of Persia, p.373 in R, Hayes, The negociator's magazine, 1777, GB
Persian Goods through Russia, pp.147-148 in J. Reeves, A History of the Law of Shipping and Navigation, 1792, GB
Geographical Persia, pp.90-115 in vol.1 of A. Hamilton, A New Account of the East Indies, 1744, GB
Entry : Persia, pp.409-416 in Th. Salmon, A New Geographical and Historical Grammar, 1767, GB
Entry : Persia, pp.247-312, in : T.G. Smollett, The Present State of the World, vol.7 1768, posted on Google Books
on History Entry : The Present State of Persia, pp.305- in vol.1 of Th. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, 1744, GB
Entry : Persien, in vol.5 of J.G. Eichhorn, Geschichte der drey letzten Jahrhunderte, 1805, in German, GB
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives National Archives of Iran
UNESCO Archives Portal : National Archives Asia Pacific, has one entry for Iran (Nov. 15th 2006), scroll down
Musea Lists, Links Museums in Iran, from Caroun; Category : Museums in Iran, from Wikipedia
Musea Museum Websites
Monuments Category : Monuments and memorials in Iran, from Wikipedia
UNESCO World Heritage Site, List (search for Iran), Tentative Lists : Iran
Libraries National Library of Iran
Libraries in Iran, from LibDex
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes on Iran Coin Catalog of Iran, from Numismaticon; search Coin Archives for Persia, Iran; Numismatic Collections of Coins - Iran, bilingual Russian-English site World Coin Gallery
British Museum, The coins of the shahs of Persia, Safavis, Afghans, Efsharis, Zands, and Kajars (1887), posted on Internet Archive
on Afsharid Dynasty Coins of the Afsharid Dynasty, from Zeno

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Iran Iran Oral History Project, (printed memoirs), IBEX Publishers
NNDB Bibliography : Iran
Persian Academy; in Farsi; English language version does not work (Sept. 21st 09)
Iran, from The Online Books Page
from IAAB
on specific issues Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on South West Asia
Bibliography, from Kurdistanica
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
International Boundary Studies
on Iran Iran Online Library, from Iran Politics Club
Iran Digital Library
Digital Islamic Library Project (DILP)
Online Journals full text online Journal of Iranian Research and Analysis 1997-2004
Iran Analysis Quarterly 2003-2007
Abstracta Iranica (in French) 2002-2006
Goftogu 1992-
Kurdish Life 1991-, cumulative index
International Journal of Kurdish Studies 1988-2002, cumulative index
Etudes Kurdes 2000-
Table of Contents
Iran, Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies, ToCs vol.30-
Historiography Article : Persian Historiography, by H. Shambayati, pp.703-705, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
On the Middle East
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.21, pp.930-971 Article Iran. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.21
Elton L. Daniel, The History of Iran, Greenwood 2000, 320 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. 955 D 184t
A.K.S. Lambdon, Persia : The Breakdown of Society, pp.430-468 in The Cambridge History of Islam : vol.I, The Central Islamic Lands, Cambridge : UP 1970 [G]
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries John H. Lorenz, Historical Dictionary of Iran, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 1995, KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 955.003 L868h

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