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Uzbekistan Tajikistan
First posted on February 24th 2005, last revised on February 19th 2009

for the history of the territory of the Emirate of Bukhara after 1925, see History of Uzbekistan, History of Tajikistan

Bukhara 1917-1925
Bukhara 1868-1917

see Khanate of Kunduz, Badakhshan

Timelines : Bukhara
List of Wars : Bukhara
Historical Atlas : Uzbek Khanates / Uzbekistan

Students' Papers : Lee, Hyejin, Russian/Soviet Central Asia in Political Transition, 1800-1945 : a Collage of Biographies of Persons (2012)
Students' Paper : Lee, Dahyeon, History of Textiles in Western Central Asia (2009)
Students' Papers : Kim, Jae Yun, Turkestan in Historic Encyclopedias (2009)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles from Current Perspective Article Emirate of Bukhara, Bukharan People's Soviet Republic, from Wikipedia; Article Bukhara, from Encyclopedia Iranica
from Historical Perspective O. Olufsen, The Emir of Bokhara and His Country: Journeys and Studies in Bokhara (1911), posted on Internet Archive
Maweralnahr, or Transoxania, pp.232- in : The Oriental Geography of Ebn Haukal : an Arabian Traveller of the Tenth Century, 1800, GB
H. Lansdell, Russian Central Asia, including Kuldja, Bokhara, Khiva and Merv (1885) vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
Links Uzbek Webliography, from SEELRC
Organizations Article : Central Asian Studies, from Wikipedia
Central Eurasian Studies Society
Central Asia-Caucasus Institute, Silk Road Studies Program
UNESCO History of Civilizations of Central Asia, International Scientific Committee
Centralasiatisk Selskab
Centre of Central Asian Studies, University of Kashmir
Sinor Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, Indiana University
Historical Dictionary
Timelines Timeline : Major Events relevant to Central Asian History (since 1600), from oxuscom
Accounts of History Central Asia Current Perspective
Central Asia Historical Perspective J. de Guignes, Histoire generale des Huns, des Turcs, des Mongols et des autres Tartares vol.1 pt.1, 1756, vol.1 pt.2, 1756, vol.2, 1756, vol.3, 1757, vol.4, 1758, vol.5, 1758, in French, GB
H.H. Howorth, History of the Mongols : from the 9th to the 19th century , 1830, GB
Alexandre A. Jardot, Revolutions des peuples de l'Asie Moyenne, vol.1, vol.2, 1839, in French, GB
Bukhara Current Perspective Articles Khanate of Bukhara, Emirate of Bukhara, from Wikipedia; Khanate of Bukhara XVI-1920, anonymous; Khiva, Bukhara, Khokand, from Ferghana.ru
Le Kharezm et les Khanats Ouzbeks, from Imago Mundi, in French; scroll down for Le Khanat de Boukhara
Bukhara Historical Perspective Abulghazi Bahadur (ruled Khiva 1643-1663) A general history of the Turks, Moguls and Tatars, vulgarly called Tartars: together with a description of the countries they inhabit, in two volumes: I. The genealogical history of the Tatars, translated from the Tatar manuscript written in the Mogul language by Abu'l Ghazi Bahader, Khan of Khowarazm ; II. An account of the present state of the Northern Asia, as it includes Grand Tatary, (or the countries possess'd by the Moguls and Tatars) and Siberia: with some observations relating to great Russia, Turky, Arabia, Persia, India and China, with two maps exhibiting the antient and present state of Grand Tatary ; the whole made English from the French, with several improvements and additions 1730, GB
A. Vambery, History of Bokhara from the Earliest Period Down to the Present .. (1873), IA
Central Asia Specific Periods M.A. al-Karim Bukhari, Ch.H.A. Schefer, Histoire de l'Asie centrale, Afghanistan, Boukhara, Khiva, Khoqand, depuis les dernieres annees du regne de Nadir Chah, 1153, jusqu'en 1233 de l'Hegire, 1740-1818 (1876) in French, IA
Bukhara Specific Periods Articles Manghit Dynasty, Shaybanid Dynasty, from Wikipedia
E. Roy, The Revolution in Central Asia-The Struggle for Power in Holy Bokhara, pt.1 pt.2, 1924, marxists.org
Foreign Policy, Foreign Relations
Military Wars of Bukhara 1800-1999, from ACED
Bukhara: Order of the Crown of the Emirate of Bukhara, from World Medals
Economy & Finances Global Currency History
Peter Donovan, The Coinage of the Mangit Dynasty of Bukhara, ANS 2007
Ethnography Articles Manghit, Uzbeks, Tajiks, from Wikipedia
The Peoples of the Pamirs, from The Red Book of Peoples of the Russian Empire
Bokhara, pp.400-401 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Bokhara, pp.433-448 in vol.1B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Social History D. Ker, The Boy Slave in Bokhara (1880), posted on Internet Archive
Religion Bukhara - the Religion City, from Uzland
Bukhara, from Jewish Virtual Library
The Jews of Bukhara, by Donna L. Carr
Giora Fuzailoff, Rabbinic Succession in Bukhara 1790-1930, from Jewish Gen Online Journal
Bukhara, from GAMEO
Khalid, Adeeb. The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
The Central Asian Jews, from The Red Book of Peoples of the Russian Empire
Local History The Urban Development of Bukhara, from Sanat
Bukhara, from the History of the City, from Parus, from Advantour (15 chapters)
Articles : Bukhara, from Wikipedia, Bukhara, from Islam.vim.im
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Bukhara
Culture & Science G.L. Semenov, Dwelling Houses of Bukhara in the Early Middle Ages , CAIS 2003
P.B. Lurje, "Shapur's Will" in Bukhara, CAIS 2003
Khalid, Adeeb. The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Uzbekistan by Ben Cahoon; Rulers : Uzbekistan by B. Schemmel
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Uzbekistan, from Population Statistics
Historical Yearbooks Statistisches Jahrbuch : Das Chanat von Buchara 1846 pp.175-176, 1847, GB
Genealogisches Staats-Handbuch, vol.65 1827 p.307, vol.66 1835 p.356, vol.67 1839 pp.380-381, in German, GB
Statesman's Year-Book, 1890, pp.894-895, IA, 1891, p.898, IA, 1892, pp.911-912, IA, 1894, pp.912-914, IA, 1895, pp.912d-912e, IA, 1896, pp.912h-913, IA, 1898, pp.912m-913, IA, 1899, pp.972-973, IA, 1903, pp.1053-1055, IA, 1913, pp.1225-1227, IA, 1919, pp.1213-1214, IA, 1921, pp.1242-1243, IA
Documents Historical Newspapers
Image Databanks Search Delcampe Picture Postcards for Bukhara
Exhibition of early color photographs from Russian Empire by S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky : Bukhara
Bukhara Images, from ArchNet
Portrait of a Dervish, Bukhara, c. 1535, from Metmuseum
Archival Deposits British Intelligence Reports on Russia in Central Asia, published by IDC Publishers
Search Your Archives for Bukhara (UK National Archives)
Constitutions, Laws
Treaty Collections Pertaining to Bukhara
Consular Reports Handelsstatistik über den Handel Russlands mit Mittelasien, Beginn, p.4 (July 15 1837) Fortsetzung, pp.3-4 (July 22 1837) in Handels- und Seeberichte des Oesterreichischen Lloyds, in German, GB
Russia [pertaining to Bukhara, Khiva, Samarkand, Kokand] pp.279-317 in Accounts and papers of the House of Commons 1862, GB
Document Collections Ibn-Foszlan's und anderer Araber Berichte über die Russen älterer Zeit, 1823, in German, GB ; reference to Buchara
Individual Documents Memoirs of Zehir-Ed-Din Muhammed Baber : emperor of Hindustan, 1826, GB
J. Grover, The Bokhara Victims (1845), IA
Historical Maps P. Gorgani, Tajik Map Sources on Internet
Map : Turkestan 1888, Bokhara 1906, Bokhara 1922, from Probert Encyclopedia Antiquarian Map Archive
Siberia, Khiva, Bokhara 1838, from Maps Past
Bokhara Cabool Beloochistan 1838 (only southern part of Bokhara), from PCL, UTexas
Central Asia 1848, from Wikipedia
Turkestan (Blackie 1860), from Maps Past (commerrcial site)
Russian History Map showing situation c.1860, from Global Security
Iran & Turan (Stieler 1870), from Maps Past (commerrcial site)
Central Asia 1871 (J. Arrowsmith), posted on Wikipedia
Part of Bukharan territory 1881 (border to Afgh.), from History Map
Russian History Map c.1890, from Global Security, mislabeled 1801
1893 Map showing SE of Emirate of B., posted by J. Poyntz
1890s Map featuring Russian acquisitions in Central Asia, from Vintage Views (commercial site)
Central Asia 1900 2 (Russian text), from Maps of
1902/1903 Map of Central Asia (Citizen's Atlas), from Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Bokhara (State), Bokhara (Capital), Karateghin, from EB 1911
Article Bochara, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Entry : Boukares, pp.16- in vol.4 of Encyclopedie des gens du monde: repertoire universel des sciences, 1834, in French, GB
Religious Mogul and Independent Tartary, p.126 in J. Bellamy, The history of all religions, 1820, GB
Article Turkestan, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914
Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906 : Bokhara
Economic Present State of Agriculture in Independent Tatary, p.143 in Ch. Loudon, An encyclop?ia of agriculture, 1825, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Buchara, posted by DTBSWS
Geographical Mavrenahar, pp.863-871 in P. d'Avity, Le Monde, ou la Description generale de ses quatre parties, 1643, in French, GB
Buchara, p.806 in N. Witsen, Noord en oost Tartaryen: behelzende eene beschryving van verscheidene Tartersche en nabuurige gewesten, in de noorder en oostelykste deelen van Aziën en Europa 1795, in Dutch, GB
Bukharie, pp.257-269 in vol.5 of L.P. Anquetil, Precis de l'Histoire Universelle ou Tableau historique presentant les vicissitudes des Nations ... , 1799, in French, GB
A description of Great Bukharia, pp.371-385 in vol.9 of J. Pinkerton, A general collection of the best and most interesting voyages and travels in all parts of the world 1811; despite title a geography book, GB
Die Bucharei, pp.275-277 in vol.2 of J.A.C. Löhr, Die Länder und Völker der Erde, 1818, in German, GB
Independent Tartary, pp.232-233 in J. Morse, A new system of geography, ancient and modern, 1824, GB
Entry : Boukares, pp.16- in vol.4 of Encyclopedie des gens du monde, 1834, in French, GB
G.Th. Landmann, A universal gazetteer; or, Geographical dictionary of the world (1835), posted on IA; search for Bokhara, Bokharia
Das Grosskhanat oder Königreich Buchara, pp.314-315 in F.H. Ungewitter, Neueste Erdbeschreibung und Staatenkunde oder geographisch-statistisch-historisches Handbuch, 1859, in German, GB
Independent Tartary, pp.370-371 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on IA; search for Bukhara
Ethnographical Turkestan, pp.384-385 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
on History The Usbek Khans of Great Bukharia, pp.124-129 in vol.6 of G. Sale et al., An universal history 1759, GB
Entry : Usbeck Tartary pp.32-, Bukharia pp.37-44, in : T.G. Smollett, The Present State of the World, vol.7 1769, posted on Google Books
Grande Bukharie, pp.582-588 in vol.1 of Pierre Joseph Andre Roubaud, Histoire Generale de l'Asie, de l'Afrique, de l'Amerique, 1770, in French, GB
Great Bukharia, pp.104-107 in vol.11 of W.F. Mavor, Universal history, ancient and modern, 1802, GB
Independent Tartary, pp.324-328 in D. Ramsay, Universal history Americanised, 1819, GB
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues W. Moorcroft et al., Travels in the Himalayan provinces of Hindustan and the Panjab; in Ladakh and Kashmir; in Peshawar, Kabul, Kunduz, and Bokhara .. 1819-1825, 1841, GB
G. de Meyendorf, A Journey from Orenburg to Bokhara in the Year 1820 (1870), posted on IA
E.F. Eversmann, H. Lichtenstein, Reise von Orenburg nach Buchara (1823) in German, posted on IA
A. Erman, Reise um die Erde durch Nord-Asien und die beiden Oceane in den Jahren 1828, 1829 und 1830 ausgeführt, vol.1 1833, vol.1.3 1848, in German, GB
A. Burnes, H.H. Wilson, Travels Into Bokhara: Containing the Narrative of a Voyage on the Indus from .. (1834), posted on IA
J. Wolff, Researches and missionary labours among the Jews, Mohammedans, and other sects (in Bokhara et al.), 1837, GB
J. Abbott, Narrative of a journey from Heraut To Khiva, Moscow and St. Petersburgh, during the late Russion Invasion of Khiva; with some account of the Court of Khiva and the Kingdom of Khaurism vol.1 1843, vol.2 1843, GB
J. Wolff, Narrative of a Mission to Bokhara, in the Years 1843-1845 (1845), posted on IA
Mohana Lala (Munshi), Travels in the Panjab, Afghanistan, Turkistan, to Balk, Bokhara, and Herat: and a visit to Great Britain and Germany 1846, GB
A.G. Burslem, A peep into Toorkisthan, 1846, GB
E. Schuyler, Turkistan : Notes Of A Journey In Russian Turkistan, Khokand, Bukhara, And Kuldja (1876), posted on IA
A. Vambery, Travels in central Asia: being the account of a journey from Teheran across the Turkoman desert on the eastern shore of the Caspian to Khiva, Bokhara, and Samarcand ; performed in the year 1863 1865, GB; A. Vambery, Voyages d'un faux derviche dans l'Asie Centrale de Teheran a Khiva, Bokhara (1879) in French, posted on IA
C.C. Valykhanof et al., The Russians in Central Asia: their occupation of the Kirghiz steppe and the line of the Syr-Daria : their political relations with Khiva, Bokhara, and Kokan : also descriptions of Chinese Turkestan and Dzungaria 1865, GB
A. le Messurier, from London to Bokhara (1889), posted on IA
M. Albrecht, Russisch Centralasien: Reisebilder aus Transkaspien, Buchara und Turkestan (1896), posted on IA
Institutions Archives
Musea Bukhara State Museum, from PARUS
Monuments Bukhara Monuments, from Parus
World Heritage Site Bukhara
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Coin Catalog of Bukhara, from Numismaticon; Coins of Ancient Bukhara, by E. Rlveladze, downloadable book, posted by ArchNet; search Coin Archives for Buchara, Bukhara
Peter Donovan, The Coinage of the Mangit Dynasty of Bukhara, American Numismatic Society Magazine 2007
Amirs of Bukhara, from Zeno

Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Bukhara Bukhara Books, from Bukhara.net
on specific issues List of downloadable publications on Uzbekistan/Bukhara, from ArchNet (on architecture, history)
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
Swiss Electronic Library; Gallica
International Boundary Studies
on Central Asia
Online Journals full text online Transoxania, since 2000
Journal of Central Asian and Caucasian Studies 2006-2010
International Journal of Central Asian Studies 1996-2010
ToC online Journal of Central Asian Studies
Historiography Article : Central Asian Historiography, by M.R. Drompp, pp.150-151 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts
Specific Topics
Historical Atlasses Yuri Bregel, An Historical Atlas of Central Asia, (HACA) Leiden : Brill 2003 (defines Central Asia as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Xinjiang)

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