Timeline
China 1842-1860
Timeline
China 1894-1911
First posted on December 12th 2004, last revised on September 6th 2007






Timeline : Qing China 1860-1894


1860
1861
1861

1861-1908

1861-1894
1861
1862

1862-1873
1862-1874
1862-1877
1864
1865

1866
1866
1867
1868
1870
1870
1870-1895
1872
1875

1875
1876


1876-1877
1877
1878
1881
1884-1885
1885 June 9

1885
1886

1888
1893
Convention of Peking (Beijing) ended the Second Opium War (1856-1860)
Xinyou Coup (Beijing, Forbiddeen City); Cixi and Cian appointed regents
China established the Zongli Yamen (Tsungli Yamen, Minitry of Foreign
Affairs
With short interruptions, rule of the Empress Dowagers (Cian, -1881; Cixi)
as regents
Reformist, pro-Westernization Self Strengthening Movement
Manchuria, hitherto closed to Han Chinese, opened for Chinese settlement
Tongwenguan (school for western sciences and languages) established
in Beijing
Hui Rebellion affecting Gansu, Ningxia Hui, Shaanxi
Tongzhi Restoration
Xinjiang in Rebellion
Taiping Rebellion suppressed
The Zongli Yamen established the first factories - often Arsenals (weapons,
muniition factories, shipyards)
Chinese delegation visited Europe (Netherlands, Germany, Denmark)
Zongli Yamen began to construct telegraph lines
Zongli Yamen made first attempts to acquire, use western mining technology
Nian Rebellion suppressed
Tianjin Massacre
Russian occupation of the Ili Territory
Li Hongzhang (Li Hung Chang) Viceroy of province of Zhili
First Chinese students sent to study in the U.S.A.
Death of Emperor Tungchi; Li Hongzhang, marching an armed force into
Beijing, engineered the succession of Guangxu (Kwang Su)
First Chinese railway, connecting Shanghai and Wusung, opened
Zhefu Convention of 1876; China agreed to British demands of opening
trade on the upper Yangtse River, elsewhere; more ports designated
treaty ports
First group of Chinese students sent to Britain, France, Germany
China opened embassies in London, Berlin
China established postal service, issued first postage stamps
Chinese forces reoccupied the Ili Territory
Sino-French War
China renounced sovereignty over Annam, Tonkin; both taken under French
protectorate
Sino-Japanese conflict in/over Korea; Yuan Shikai Chinese representative
Beijing (Peking) Convention; China recognized Britain's annexation of
Upper Burma, hitherto a Chinese vassall
First Chinese students sent to study in Japan
Britain, China agreed on opening Tibet for international trade







EXTERNAL
FILES
Chinese History, PRC website, detailed
Article Second Opium War, from Wikipedia
Timeline of Chinese-European Cultural Relations, posted by Institute of Asian Affairs, Hamburg
Article Sino-French War, from Wikipedia
China France War, from ACED
The Sino-French War, by Quinell
Article Li Hung Chang, from Columbia Encyclopedia; from EB 1911
The Qing Dynasty, from Wikipedia, History of China
Article Self-Strengthening Movement, from Wikipedia
Yuan Shi Kai, from World War I Document Archive
Article China, from EB 1911
Backgrounder : Sino-British Relations, from Chinese Embassy London
World Statesmen : China, posted by Ben Cahoon
Tz'u Hsi or Cixi - the Empress Dowager of China, from Women's History
Article Empress Dowager Cixi, from Wikipedia
REFERENCE Ong Jin Hui, Chinese Indentured Labour : Coolies and Colonies, pp.51-56 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Article : China, in : Statesman's Year Book 1878 pp.661-670 [G]
Article : Tae-Ping Rebellion, in : The American Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events 1862 pp.761-763 [G]
Article : China, in : The American Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events 1863 pp.183-187, 1864 pp.181-184, 1886 pp.152-156, 1894 pp.122-134 [G]










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