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Chinese Provinces
Chinese Provinces
Inner Mongolia
First posted on December 1st 2004, last revised on September 26th 2009

Timeline : Xinjiang
Historical Atlas, Xinjiang Page

Students' Papers : Choi, Jiwon, History of Muslims under Chinese Rule, since 1839 (2009)
Students' Papers : Kim, Jae Yun, Turkestan in Historic Encyclopedias (2009)

Country Profiles from Wikipedia (Xinjiang), from Wikipedia (East Turkestan)
Uyguristan, from HunMagyar.org
East Turkestan, from Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization
Links, General Silk Road Foundation
Xinjiang Links, from China Kontor
Links for Xinjiang and for Islam in China, by Stevan Harrell
Portal Digital Silk Road
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedia of China, from Jongo Knows
Timelines see here
History of the Administrative Divisions of China, Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia
Accounts of History from Wikipedia
History and Development of Xinjiang, from Chinese Embassy, UK
List of Current and Former Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia; scroll down for Xinjiang
Search Encyclopaedia Iranica for Chinese Turkestan
J.R. Lee, The Islamic Republic of Eastern Turkestan and the Formation of Modern Uyghur Identity in Xinjiang, thesis US Air Force Academy 2005
Politics Concentration Camps Today : Western Region, from ATTAC
Economy & Finances Xinjiang Coins, by Rian
Liu, Xinru, Viticulture and Viniculture in the Turfan Region
Carpet Encyclopedia, East Turkestan Carpets
Ethnography Minorities at Risk, click for Turkmen, Hui Muslims in China
Brief History of the Uyghurs, from Eastern Turkestan Union in Europe
Uygur History, from Uygur World
Introduction to Uyghur Culture and History, from Nathan Light
Articles Daur, Mongols, Uygur, Xibe, from Ethnic China
History of the Uighurs in Brief, from The Uighurs
The Chinese Empire : Dzoongaria, Eastern Turkestan, pp.575-579 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Sinkiang, pp.4649-4672 in vol.6B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : China, posted by Kirken i Norge
History of Islam in China, from Chinese School Net
Apostolic Prefecture of Xinjiang, from GCatholic
Dandan Oilik Monastery, Dirghabhavana Monastery, Gomati Monastery, Kucha Monastery, Ravak Monastery, Samadjina Monastery, from Monastic Asia
J. Hultvall, Mission and Change in Central Asia (on the activity of the Swedish Mission Society in East Turkestan 1892-1938) 1981
History of Regions Provinces of China, Prefectures of China, from www.statoids.com
Article Dzungaria (Jungaria), from Wikipedia
Article Taklamakan (Takla Makan), from Wikipedia
History of Cities History of Urumqi, from ECDC; from urumqi.gov.cn, from Wikipedia
History of Kashgar, from Wikipedia
Hotan (Khotan), from Wikipedia
Article Yarkand, from Wikipedia
History of Turfan, from Wikipedia
Search Encyclopaedia Iranica for Kashgar, Khotan, Yarkand
Structures, Institutions Xinjiang University, from China TEFL
Article Urumqi Diwopu International Airport, from Wikipedia
Article Urumqi People Broadcasting Station, from Wikipedia
Structurae : Xinjiang
Bibliographies Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), keywords Sinkiang, Xinjiang (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)
Search RHS Bibliography for Sinkiang
Annotated Bibliography of the History and Culture of Eastern Turkistan, Jungharia / Zungaria / Dzungaria, Chinese Central Asia, and Sinkiang / Xinjiang (for the 16th to 20th centuries CE, excluding most travel narratives), by Nathan Light (Silk Road Journal 2005)
Age of Mongolian Empire, a Bibliographic Essay, by Paul D. Buell (Silk Road Journal 2003)
Central and Inner Asia Studies, publications
Publications, from Sinor Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, Indiana University
International Journal of Central Asian Studies, 1996-2009
Resources for Central Asian Studies in the British Library
Uyghur Study Books, from London Uyghur Ensemble
Journal of Modern Turkish Studies, Ankara 2004-
Others From the "Yellow Republic" to the East Turkestan Republic, by Pavel Aptekar, Soviet Intervention in Sinkiang 1934-1937

Lists of Statesmen Provinces and administrative divisions of China, from World Statesmen
from Rulers (B. Schemmel), China entry, scroll down for Kashgar, East Turkestan; China Administrative Divisions, from rulers.org; scroll down for Xinjiang
from Regnal Chronologies, scroll down for Kashgar, Kashgaria, Khotan, Moghulistan, Turfan, Uighuristan, Xinjiang
Population Figures China, historical population statistics by province, from Population Statistics, posted at Univ. Utrecht
Xinjiang, from UNESCAP Chinadata
City Populations : China - Xinjiang Uygur, from City Population
PRC, Abortions and Live Births by Region, Historical Data, from Johnston's Archive
Xinjiang, from Database of the Basic Conditions of Family Planning Programme at CIPRC (Text on Demography, 1999)
Online Newspapers East Turkestan Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Document Collections Digitales Turfan-Archiv
Life Magazine, 1936-1972, Search for "Sinkiang", search all issues; 109 Sinkiang articles, GB
Historical Maps see here
Map of Chinese Turkistan, 1820 A.D.; Modern Hsin Chiang, Ethnolinguistic Map of China with Tibet, from History and Commercial Atlas of China (Albert Herrmann 1935)
Maps of Chinese Turkistan and Kansu, from Toyo Bunko Rare Books
(East) Turkestan, from Titus, ethnolinguistic
Map of Xinjiang, from Johomaps, trilingual English/Chinese/Uyghur
Map : Turkic Languages, from Titus
Map : Languages of China, from Titus
Mongolische Karten, from Staatsbibliothek Berlin
Encyclopedia Entries Articles Turkestan, Kashgar, from EB 1911
Article Ostturkistan, Geschichte (East Turkestan, History of), from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888-1889, in German
Article Turkestan, from Catholic Encyclopedia (of 1907)
Entries Kumul, Khanate of, Tunganistan, East Turkestan, Kashgaria, Emirate of from footnotes to history, by James L. Erwin
Chinese Turkestan, pp.82-92 in R. Brown, The Countries of the World 1892, IA
National Symbols Flaggenlexikon, click for Sinkiang, bilingual German & English site
Flags of Islamic States in China, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Xinjiang Coins, by Rian
The Coins and History of Asia, scroll down for Central Asia, Kushan and Hunnic Empires; collection limited to pre-1600 coins; by T.K. Mallon McCorgray
Banknotes of Eastern Turkistan, from Zeno
Coins of Eastern Turkistan, from Zeno
Search Coin Archives for Sinkiang
Sinkiang Coins 1727-1949, from Numismaticon

Online Libraries Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue, keywords Afghanistan; Internet Archive
Silk Road Papers, from Central Asia - Caucasus Institute
Online Journals Silk Road Journal
Central Eurasian Studies Review (CESR) 2002-
Historiography Article : Central Asian Historiography, by M.R. Drompp, pp.150-151 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts Jack Chen, The Sinkiang Story, London : MacMillan 1977 [G]
A.M. Mattoo, A Short History of Chinese Turkistan, Srinagar : Centre of Central Asian Studies 1981 [G]
O. Lattimore, Pivot Of Asia Sinkiang And The Inner Asian Frontiers Of China And Russia (1950), posted on Internet Archive
P.W.P. Church, Chinese Turkestan, with caravan and rifle (1901), posted on Internet Archive
C.D. Bruce, Chinese Turkestan (1907), posted on Internet Archive
H.H.P. Deasy, In Tibet and Chinese Turkestan : being the record of three years' exploration (1901), posted on Internet Archive
D.C. Boulger, The life of Yakoob Beg: Athalik Ghazi and Badaulet; Ameer of Kashgar (1878), posted on Internet Archive
R. Shaw, Visits to High Tartary, Yarkand and Kashgar (formerly Chinese Tartary), .. (1871), posted on Internet Archive
Ch. Denby, The Chinese conquest of Songaria (1891), posted on Internet Archive
Ph.D. de Tiersant, Le Mahometisme en Chine et dans le Turkestan Oriental (1878) in French, posted on Internet Archive
M. Hartmann, Chinesisch-turkestan: Geschichte, Verwaltung, Geistesleben, und Wirtschaft (1908) in German, posted on Internet Archive
O.T. Crosby, Tibet and Turkestan: A Journey Through Old Lands and a Study of New Conditions (1905), posted on Internet Archive
H.W. Bellew, Kashmir and Kashghar. A narrative of the journey of the embassy to Kashghar in 1873-74 (1875), posted on Internet Archive
M. Cable, The challenge of Central Asia : a brief survey of Tibet and its borderlands, Mongolia, north-west Kansu, Chinese Turkistan, and Russian Central .. (1929), Internet Archive
A.N. Kuropatkin, Kashgaria, Eastern Or Chinese Turkistan: Eastern Or Chinese Turkistan ... (1882), posted on Internet Archive
D. Carruthers, Unknown Mongolia : a record of travel and exploration in north-west Mongolia and Dzungaria (1914), posted on Internet Archive
C.D. Bruce, The Provinces of China, together with a history of the first year of H.I.M. Hsuan Tung, and an account of the government of China (1910), posted on Internet Archive (includes data of 1913); Sinkiang pp.141-146
Th.J. Cochrane, Survey of the missionary occupation of China (1913), posted on Internet Archive, on Sinkiang pp.330-333
M. Broomhall, The Chinese empire: a general & missionary survey .. (1907), posted on Internet Archive, on Sinkiang pp.292-297
Historical Dictionaries James S. Olson, An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China, Westport CT : Greenwood 1998 [G]
Others Violet Conolly, Soviet Economic Policy in the East, London : Oxford UP 1933; pp.115-126 on Sin Kiang [G]
The Far Frontiers pp.507-523, in : John Gunther, Inside Asia, 1942 War Edition, NY : Harper & Brothers (1938) 1942 [G]
Yearbooks Article : Sinkiang, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 pp.629-630, 1945 p.639-640, 1946 p.675, 1947 p.695, 1948 pp.673-674 [G]
Article : China - Sinkiang (Chinese Turkestan), in : Statesman's Yearbook 1918 p.794, 1919 p.761, 1924 pp.756-757, 1925 p.767, 1926 p.744, 1928 pp.754-755, 1929 p.747, 1932 p.752, 1937 pp.788, 795, 1943 p.785 [G]
Article : Islamestan, in : Americana Annual 1934 p.315 [G]
Article : Sin-Kiang, in : Americana Annual 1940 p.710, 1943 p.658, 1944 p.636, 1945 p.648 [G]

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