1815-1848 1871-1890
Galicia 1846-1867 Polish National Movement

The Province of Posen 1848-1871

A.) 1848/1849

The year 1848 saw revolution all over Germany and beyond. German revolutionaries liberated the arrested MIEROSLAWSKI, and he was celebrated as a hero in the streets of Berlin. Meanwhile, a POLISH NATIONAL COMMITTEE was formed in Posen (Poznan), which included Archbishop L. Przyluski and conservative as well as democratic politicians. The king promised concessions.
The German minority in the province, accounting for only about 10 % of the population, agitated against more autonomy for a reestablished Grand Duchy of Poland; the Prussian administration came up with a partition plan, according to which the eastern and central parts of the province would form a Polish Grand Duchy, while western stretches, more German in character, would be incorporated in the German Confederation. In April a military rebellion erupted in Posen; it was quickly suppressed.
Meanwhile, in the FRANKFURT ASSEMBLY the German representatives of Posen lobbied strongly for the inclusion of Posen into the planned unified Germany. Despite strong opposition - many democratic Paulskirche representatives sympathized with Polish democrats and patriots, the Posen lobbyists finally carried the day (July 25th 1848).

B.) 1849-1871

In 1851 the Province (Grand Duchy) of Posen left the German Confederation again. The Province of Posen was represented in Prussia's LANDTAG in Berlin; the Polish Landtag members formed a POLISH CLUB.
In 1852 E. VON PUTTKAMER was appointed province president; he pursued a confrontation course. German was declared the sole language of jurisdiction. In 1854 the use of Polish language in education was restricted to elementary schools.

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Commented Timeline of Polish History, 1807-1918 from Inside Poland
The 19th Century. Polish Wars and Uprisings, part 9 of A Brief History of Poland, by Polonia today
Revolution and Rebirth, chapter 4 of The History of Poland, by Mieczyslaw Kasprzyk
Articles from Encyclopedia of Revolutions of 1848 at ohiou : Plebeians'
, Polish Democratic Society, Polish League, Polish National Committee in West Prussia,
Rising in Poznan, Women in Poland during the 1848 Revolution
Biographies from the Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions : Czartoryski, Prince Adam Jerzy,
Mieroslawski, Ludwik, Wysocki, Jozef
REFERENCE Enno Meyer, Grundzüge der Geschichte Polens (Main Features of Polish History), Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgemeinschaft 1977
Krzysztof A. Marowski, Deutsche in Posen 1815-1871 (Germans in Poznan, 1815-1871), pp.234-262, in : Joachim Rogall, Land der grossen Ströme. Von Polen nach Litauen. Deutsche Geschichte im Osten Europas (Land of the Large Streams. From Poland to Lithuania. German History in Europe's East), Berlin : Siedler 1996; in German [G]
Triloyalism and the National Revival : Prussian Poland, pp.27-35 in : R.F. Leslie (ed.), The History of Poland since 1863, Cambridge : UP (1980) 1989 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on March 16th 2002, last revised on May 8th 2006

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