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Kingdom of Hungary Transylvania
First posted on March 12th 2009, last revised on March 2nd 2010

History of Transylvania : Narrative . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

For the history prior to 1716, see Kingdom of Hungary
For the history 1778-1920, see Kingdom of Hungary
For the history since 1918/20, see Romania, Yugoslavia (since 1990s Serbia

Austria and the Ottoman Empire fought yet another war in 1716-1718. The fortress of Timisoara (Temesvar) was conquered by Austrian forces in October 1716; in the Treaty of Passarowitz, July 21st 1718, the Ottoman Empire ceded the Banat, Serbia and Oltenia (= Little Wallachia) to Austria. After the Austro-Ottoman War 1736-1739, Austria ceded Serbia and Oltenia back to the Ottoman Empire, but held on to the Banat.
The Banat was sparsely populated; the area was treated as an administratively separate unit, under military administration, headed by Count Mercy. In order to repopulate the region, settlers from southern Germany were brought in (1722-1726, Erster Schwabenzug). Serbs, Hungarians, Slovaks, Romanians were also permitted to settle, the Serbs and Romanians to freely exercise their Orthodox belief. Religious practise for other non-Catholics was limited by a 1731 regulation. However, in 1716, after the Habsburg occupation, Jews (many of them Ladino-speaking Sephardim) were ordered to leave Timisoara (Temesvar) - on the charge they were Ottoman spies.
Further German settlers were brought in 1736-1738, 1744-1752. In 1745 the Militärgrenze (Military border district) was established. A last state-supported treck of southern German settlers came in 1763-1771.
Timisoara (Temesvar), the capital of the Banat, flourished in the 18th century, seeing a lot of construction. River regulation both created navigable waterways (Bega Canal) and extended fertile farmland. Timisoara was turned into a modern fortress (according to 18th century standards).
In 1778, the Banat administratively was joined with Hungary.

Historical Encyclopedias on the Banat 1809-1904

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current Article : Banat, from Wikipedia
Article : Banat, from Wikipedia German edition
Some Basic Information on the Banat, from Genealogy.Ro
The Military Frontier .. the Banat Frontier, pp.86- in F. Shoberl, tria: containing a description of the manners, customs, character and costumes of the people of that Empire, 1828, GB
Chapter V : the Banat, pp.148- in : J. Paget, Hungary and Transylvania, 1839
Historic F. Griselini, Versuch einer politischen und natürlichen Geschichte des Temeswarer Banats in Briefen an Standespersonen und Gelehrte (1780) in German, vol.1, vol.2, IA
L. Böhm, Geschichte des Temeser Banats, vol.2 (1861), in German, IA
Links General Category : Banat, from Wikipedia
Kategorie : Banat, from Wikipedia German edition
on History from banat.ro
from Electronic Banat
from DVHH
Beiträge zur Banater Geschichte, from www.banat.de
Historical Dictionaries Schwowe Wiki, Online Encyclopädie der Banater Schwaben, in German
Oesterreichische National Encyklopädie vol.1 A-D, 1835, vol.2 E-H, 1835, vol.3 J-M, 1835, vol.4 N-S, 1836, vol.5 S-V, 1836, vol.6 W-Z, Suppl., 1837, in German, GB
Enciclopedia Romaniei, in Romanian
Timelines from Genealogy.Ro
Timeline History of the Banat, by Norbert Neidenbach, in German
Accounts of History general, current Article : Banat : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Banat : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
History of the Vojvodina, from Vojvodina, unfortunately very brief on the 18th century; from Vojvodina.com, more extensive
general, historical F. Griselini, Versuch einer politischen und natürlichen Geschichte des Temeswarer Banats in Briefen an Standespersonen und Gelehrte (1780) in German, vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
L. Böhm, Geschichte des Temeser Banats, vol.2 (1861), in German, posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods Article Banat Republic, Voivodship of Serbia and Tamis Banat, Temesvar Province, Ottoman Empire, from Wikipedia
Die Habsburgische Kolonisation, from Flacker-Seiten, in German, with appendix of documents
M. Zakic, The Furthest Watch of the Reich: National Socialism, Ethnic Germans, and the Occupation of the Serbian Banat, 1941-1944, thesis Univ. of Maryland 2011
Politics & Administration
Military History of the Temeschburger Fortress (Fortress Temesvar/Timisoara), from DVHH
Aus der Geschichte der Temeschburger Festung, by Anton Zollner
Die K.u.K. Militärgrenze, from K.u.K. Wehrmacht, in German
Im Banat (zu Temeschwar), pp.32- in : Militär-Schematismus des österreichischen Kaiserthums, 1824, GB
I. Marin, The formation and allegiance of the Romanian military elite originating from the Banat military border, thesis UCL 2009
Economy M. von Schwartner, Statistik des Königreichs Ungern, 1809, 1811 numerous entries on the Banat, in German, GB
J. Csaplovics, Topographisch-statistisches Archiv des Königreichs Ungern vol.1, ch.45-48, 1821, GB
Social History
Ethnography general Liviu Chelcea, Why did Banat Region become "Multicultural" ? Social Transformation and Collective Memory in a Region of Romania
Bruce Mitchell, Sasan Kicosev, A Brief Population History of the Vojvodina 1683-1718 (1997)
Germans Susan Clarkson, History of the German Settlements in Southern Hungary (2000), from Banaters
The 60 Second History of the Donauschwaben, from Banaters
Donauschwaben in the Banat, including the Arader Land, from Genealogienetz
Bulgarians Articles Banat Bulgarians, from Wikipedia
Ukrainians Article Banat, in Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Czechs Learn about Czech Heritage in Banat, Romania, from Czech Folks; The Forgotten Czechs of the Banat, from Musarium
Gypsies Banat, pp.55- in : A. Hoyland, A historical survey of the customs, habits, & present state of the Gypsies, 1816, GB
Religion Articles Diocese of Zrenjanin, Diocese of Timisoara, from Catholic Hierarchy
Article Eparchy of Banat, from Wikipedia
Metropolitan See of Banat, from Romanian Orthodox Church
The History of the Diocese of Timisoara, from Diocesan Youth Centre Timisoara
Romanian Monasteries, scroll down for Metropolitanate of Banat
Kleine Kirchengeschichte des Banat, from Mramorak, in German
History, from Zrenjanin's Diocese
History of Regions Das Banater Bergland : eine Zeittafel, from Demokratisches Forum der Banater Berglanddeutschen
Banater Bergland
Article Banat 1941-1944, from Wikipedia
(Romanian) Banat, from Eliznik
Article Militärgrenze, from Wikipedia German edition; Military Frontier, from Wikipedia
Article Militärgrenze, from AEIOU, in English
Article History of Voivodina, from Wikipedia
Local History History of Timisoara (Temesvar), from Wikipedia
Chronik von Weidenthal, from Banater Bergland
Historical Background, from Primaria Timisoara
History of Timisoara (Temesvar), from Our Timisoara
Chronological References in the History of Timisoara, from Timisoara.ro
Timisoara the Capital of Banat, from Victor Babes Univ. of Medicine and Pharmacy in Timisoara
Culture S. Volkmann, Die Architektur des 18. Jahrhunderts im Temescher Banat , thesis Heidelberg 2001
Biographies Persönlichkeiten des Banater Berglands, from Demokratisches Forum der Banater Berglanddeutschen
Environmental History

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Corps Commanders and Chiefs of Staff, 1849-1878, from Austro-Hungarian Army, scroll down for Serbisch-Banater Armeekorps
Lists of Bishops List of Serbian Orthodox Bishops of Vrsac/Banat, from Wikipedia, 1594-
Liste der Bischöfe von Csanad (Catholic, 1030-), from Wikipedia German edition
Statistical Data Population Figures Hungary County Maps & Census Data 1913, from Talma Media
Documents Historical Newspapers Online
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender
Image Databanks Online Photos, from Banaters
Archival Deposits
Laws Die Civilprocessordnungen für die Königreiche Ungarn, Croatien und Slavonien, die Woiwodschaft Serbien und das Temeser Banat, 1854, in German, GB
Document Collections Die Habsburgische Kolonisation, from Flacker-Seiten, in German, with appendix of documents
Individual Documents Edikt wegen der Heuschreckenplage, 1749 (Locust Edict, 1749), from Electronic Banat
Historical Maps Banat Maps, from Electronic Banat
Hungary County Maps & Census Data 1913, from Talma Media
Blackie & Son 1882 : Banat, from FEEFHS
Map : Banat, Ethnic Distribution 1743, from Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Entries
Articles Banat, from EB 1911
Articles Banatet, Vojvodina, from Stefan Ankjaer, Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1857-1865, in Danish
Articles Banat, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Csanad, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914
Article Temesvar, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Banat, pp.769- in vol.2 of A. de Montor, Encyclopedie des gens du monde: repertoire universel des sciences, 1833, in French, GB
Travelogues I. Edler von Born, R.E. Raspe, J.J. Ferber, Travels through the Bannat of Temeswar, Transylvania, and Hungary, in the year 1770. Described in a series of letter to Prof. Ferber, on the mines and mountains of these different countries (1777), posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives Research in Timisoara, from GenealogyRo
Donauschwaben Archives, from Genealogienetz
Musea Banat Museum in Timisoara
Donauschwäbisches Zentralmuseum Ulm webpage of the Danube Swabian Central Museum located in Ulm, Germany, English language website
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag : Territorial Association of the Banat Swabians, from FOTW
Stamps from Electronic Banat
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database for Banat
on Banat Banat Books, from Electronic Banat
Banat Family History Series, from Banaters
Monographs of Danube Swabian Places, from Genealogy.net
Books on Rudolfsgnad
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Digitale Texte im Seminar für Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Univ. Köln; many 19th century texts, mostly in German
on Southeastern Europe Central and Eastern European Online Library
Internet Archive
Corvinus Library : Hungarian History
Hungarian Electronic Library
Academia : Documents in Banat of Temesvar
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories : Romania
Online Journals Directory of Open Access Journals
General Accounts on the History of Hungary Peter F. Sugar (ed.), A History of Hungary, Indiana Univ. Press 1990, 432 pp.
Istvan Lazar, Hungary, a Brief History, from Historical Text Archive, Online Book
C.A. MacArtney, Hungary, a Short History, from Historical Text Archive, Online Book
R.F. Kaindl, Geschichte der Deutschen in den Karpathenländern, v.2, v.3 (1911) in German, posted on Internet Archive
J.H. Schwicher, Geschichte der Österreichischen Militärgrenze (1883) in German, posted on Internet Archive
on Banat
Specific Topics

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