France 1940-1944
Intellectual Life
France 1949-1959
Intellectual Life
France 1944-1949
the Economy
France 1944-1949
Foreign Policy

France 1944-1949 : Intellectual Life

JEAN PAUL SARTRE published Existentialism is a Humanism in 1946, What Is Literature ? in 1948. ALBERT CAMUS published La Peste (referring to the Nazi occupation). In 1949 SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR published The Second Sex.
Films such as La Bataille du Rail (dir. Rene Clement, 1946) worked up France's wartime experience. JEAN COCTEAU's la belle et la bete (1946, trsl. : the beauty and the beast) is one of the highest regarded movies of all times. Jacques Becker, in Falbalas (1945) criticized the French fashion industry as hollow. The CANNES FILM FESTIVAL was first held in 1946.
In 1949 Picasso sketched the dove that soon would be internationally used as a symbol of peace.

Biography of Jean-Paul Sartre, from nobel e-museum, from Books and Writers
Sartre Online
Biography of Jean Cocteau, from Books and Writers
Biography of Albert Camus, from Books and Writers
Biography of Simone de Beauvoir, from Books and Writers
Synopsis of La Bataille du Rail, from Le Petit Monde du Films Francais
History of the Cannes Film Festival, from Festival Cannes
REFERENCE Roger Price, A Concise History of France, Cambridge Concise Histories, 1993, pp.228-246
W. Scott Haine, The History of France, Greenwood Histories of Modern Nations, 2000, pp.172-179
Article : France, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1945 pp.297-300, 1946 pp.325-328, 1947 pp.340-343, 1948 pp.325-329, 1949 pp.281-285 [G]
Article : France, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1946 pp.176-179 [G]
Article : France, in : Americana Annual 1947 pp.267-272 (on events of 1946) [G]

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First posted in 2000, last revised on March 30th 2007

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