The Duchy of Wolfenbüttel, 1648-1735

Duke August the younger (1634-1666) founded the famous HERZOG AUGUST BIBLIOTHEK WOLFENBÜTTEL (library). In 1671 the duchy acquired the city of BRAUNSCHWEIG, hitherto immediate.
The duchy was opposed to the attempt by the neighbouring Dukes of Calenberg (Hannover) to gain the status of an electorate (which they achieved in 1692); in 1706 Wolfenbüttel recognized the new status of the Electorate of Hannover (into which Calenberg, merged with Lüneburg, had transformed). Duke ANTON ULRICH tried himself as a novelist and had the palace SALZDAHLUM built. He converted to Catholicism (1710), however respecting the Lutheran confession of his people. In 1704 the reformed church (Calvinists) was tolerated in the city of Braunschweig, in 1708 the Catholics in the cities of Braunschweig and Wolfenbüttel.
From 1681, FAIRS were held in Braunschweig to increase the importance of the city as a regional trade center.

Dukes of Wolfenbuettel
August (1635-1666)
Rudolf August (1666-1704)
Anton Ulrich (1685-1714)
August Wilhelm (1714-1731)
Ludwig Rudolf (1731-1735)

Article Brunswick, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition
1200 Jahre lebendige Geschichte der Braunschweiger Landeskirche (1200 years history of the (Lutheran) church of Braunschweig, chronology), from Lutherische Landeskirche Braunschweig, in German
REFERENCE Territorien-Ploetz : Geschichte der Deutschen Laender, Vol.1, Würzburg 1964, pp.368-369
Coins of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, 1601-1700, in Krause, Mishler, Standard Catalog of World Coins : Seventeenth Century 1601-1700, 2nd ed., 2000, pp.398-424; p.357 sideline Braunschweig-Bevern
Coins of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, 1701-1800, in : Krause, Mishler Standard Catalog of World Coins : Eighteenth Century 1701-1800, 2nd ed., 1887, pp.308-326; pp.287-288 sideline Braunschweig-Blankenburg 1714-1731

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on January 3rd 2002, last revised on November 12th 2004

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