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Styria Carniola
First posted on February 19th 2006, last revised on December 5th 2013






History of Carinthia : Narrative . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources



NARRATIVE
until 1918
For the history since 1992, see Austria, Slovenia


until 1918
In 745 the hitherto independent Slovene principality of Carantania became the Margraviate of Carantania, a dependency of the Duchy of Bavaria. In 889 the March of Carinthia was established (which included Styria and Carniola); in 976 it was split from Bavaria. In 1040 Carniola was separated from Carinthia, in 1180 Styria was separated as well.
In 1335 the Duchy of Carinthia fell to the Habsburg Dynasty, which was to rule the country until 1918. From the 14th to the 17th century, an attempt was made to combine Carinthia, Carniola and Styria to form Inner Austria; Carinthia maintained its institutions and privileges. In 1809 Austria ceded Carinthia to France; Carinthia until 1813 formed part of the French Illyrian Provinces. In 1813 Austrian control was restored. From 1816 to 1849 Carinthia formed part of the Kingdom of Illyria (the Austrian Emperor being King of Illyria). Following the Revolution of 1848-1849, the Kingdom of Illyria was dissolved; Carinthia, Carniola and Styria became separate crownlands. Following the dissolution of Austria-Hungary after World War I, Carinthia became a state within the Republic of Austria, except for a stretch of territory in the extreme southeast which, following a plebiscite held in 1920 was ceded to the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (in 1929 renamed Yugoslavia) and which presently forms part of Slovenia.

Timeline : Carinthia

Historical Encyclopedias on the History of Carinthia






WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL SECONDARY SOURCES
Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current Article Carinthia (State), Duchy of Carinthia, from Wikipedia
Article Kärnten, Geschichte Kärntens, from Wikipedia German edition
Historical K.W. Mayer, Statistik und Topographie des Herzogthums Kärnten, 1796, in German, posted on Google Books
Links General Kategorie : Kärnten, from Wikipedia German edition
on History Kategorie : Geschichte Kärntens, from Wikipedia German edition
Links on Bergbau in Kärnten, from Sagen : Bergbau und Bergwerke
Organizations
Historical Dictionary on Austria J.J.H. Czikann, Oesterreichische National-Encyklopädie, oder, Alphabetische Darlegung der wissenswürdigsten Eigenthümlichkeiten des österreichischen Kaiserthumes ... vol.1 : A-D, 1835, GB, vol.2 : E-H, 1835, GB, vol.3 : J-M 1835, GB, vol.4 : N-Sedria, 1836, GB, vol.5 : Seeauer-V, 1836, GB, vol.6 : W-Z, Suppl., 1837, GB, in German
on Carinthia
Timelines
Accounts of History Modern Article Duchy of Carinthia, from Wikipedia
Article : Geschichte Kärntens, from Wikipedia German edition
Historical Geschichte des Herzogthums Kärnten, pt.1, 1781, pt.2, 1781, in German, posted on Google Books
K. Mayr, Geschichte der Kärntner und Merkwürdigkeiten ihrer heutigen Provinze, 1785, in German, posted on Google Books
Specific Periods J.K. Kindermann, Beiträge zur Vaterlandskunde für Innerösterreichs Einwohner vol.1, 1790, vol.2, 1790, in German, posted on Google Books
Historiography
Military Article Kärntner Abwehrkampf (literally Carinthian defensive struggle, refers to the conflict between (German) Carinthia and SHS 1918-1920), from Wikipedia German edition
Article Kärntner Bauernaufstand 1478, from Wikipedia German edition
Article : Geschichte Kärntens : Türkenkriege und Bauernaufstände, from Wikipedia German edition
Politics Article Enotna Lista, from Wikipedia
Article : Volksabstimmung 1920 in Kärnten, from Wikipedia German edition
Economy Article Bergbau in Kärnten (Mining in Carinthia), from Wikipedia German edition
Kärnten, from Bibliografie zur Geschichte und Kultur des Weines
Geschichte der Kärntner Sparkasse, in Geman
Geschichte, from Schau-Kraftwerk Forstsee
B.F.J. von Hermann, Beschreibung der Manipulation, durch welche in Steyermark, Kärnten und Krain der berühmte Brescianerstahl verfertigt wird, 1781, in German, postyed on Google Books
Social History
Ethnography Article Carinthian Slovenes, from Wikipedia
Article Kärntner Slowenen, Windischentheorie, Windischer Dialekt, from Wikipedia German edition
Heinz-Dieter Pohl, Die Ethnisch-Sprachlichen Voraussetzungen der Volksabstimmung (Ethnic-Linguistic Preconditions of the Plebiscite)
Brigitte Entner, Vergessene Opfer ? Die "Verschleppten" vom Mai 1945 im Spiegel historischer Aufarbeitung und regionaler Geschichtspolitik (Forgotten Victims ? The "Deported" of May 1945 in the Mirror of Historic Research and Regional Policy of History), from Informatonsportal der Kärntner Slowenen
Gero Fischer, Das Windische
Eduard Ingomar Pust, Slowener, doch nicht Slowenen, Wer siegte bei der Volksabstimmung ? Das Phänomen des "schwebenden Volkstums" in Kärnten
Valentin Inzko, Deutsch-Slowenische Gemeinsamkeit
A.Th. Sinclair, Gypsies in Carniola and Carinthia (1917), posted on Internet Archive
Carinthia pp.238-239 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Catholicism Article Diözese Gurk, Erzbistum Maribor (historical diocese of Lavant) from Wikipedia German edition
Altenmarkt im Gurktal, Drautal, Eisenkappel, Emersdorf, Gailtal, Glanegg, Glanhofen, Glantal, Gradenegg, Gurk, Guttaring, Hoch St. Urban, Hörzendorf, Köstenberg, Krappfeld, Lassnitz, Lesachtal, Metnitz, Mölltal, Moosburg, O)berdrauburg, Obermühlbach, Osterwitz, Pörtschach, Rosegg, Sachsenburg, Sörg, St. Lambrecht, St. Rupprecht, St. Sebastian, St. Veit, Steinfeld, Steuerberg, Tresdorf, Völkermarkt, Waiern, Zensweg, from Passionsspiele im Alpenländischen Raum
Patron Saint Index : Carinthia
Protestantism
Anabaptism Article : Carinthia, from GAMEO
Judaism
Regions
Local History Articles Bleiburg, Gurk : History, Klagenfurt : History, Millstatt : History, Spittal an der Drau : History, Velden am Wö.rthersee, Villach, from Wikipedia
Articles : Bleiburg : Geschichte, Gurk : Geschichte, Geschichte von Klagenfurt, Milstatt : Geschichte, Spittal an der Drau : Geschichte, Velden am See : Geschichte, Geschichte von Villach. Völkermarkt : Geschichte, from Wikipedia, in German
J. Pötsch, G. Peter, St. Andrä im Lavanttal, in German
Structures, Institutions Article University of Klagenfurt - History, from Wikipedia
Structurae : Carinthia
History, from Klagenfurt Airport
Culture
Biographies Kategorie : Person (Kärnten), from Wikipedia German edition
Environmental History
Others 100 Jahre Kino in Klagenfurt (2008), from Kinogeschichte.at
Die Volksabstimming 1920 in ihrer internationalen Dimension, by Claudia Fräss-Ehrfeld
E. Goldmann, Die Einführung der deutschen Herzogsgeschlechter Kärntens in den slovenischen Stammesverband : ein Beitrag zur Rechts- und Kulturgeschichte, 1903, posted on Internet Archive

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Landeshauptleute since 1698, from World Statsmen by B. Cahoon
Titles of European Hereditary Rulers : Carinthia and Styria
Lists of Bishops Liste der Bischöfe von Gurk (List of Bishops of Gurk), Liste der Bischöfe von Lavant (List of Bishops of Lavant), from Wikipedia German edition
Statistical Data Population Statistics Historical Population Statistics : Austria, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Population : Österreich : Kärnten 1849-1866, from HGIS
Statistik Austria : Bevölkerungsstand; click for Bevölkerung Österreichs nach Bundesländern seit 1869 (Austria's Population since 1869 by State); data for 1869, 1880, 1890, 1900 etc.; data for Kärnten referring to what since 1919 constitutes the Bundesland Känten
Statistical Data Economic Statistics
Documents Historical Newspapers on Austria ANNO, Austrian Newspapers Online
international
Carinthia Entries
Jährliches genealogisches Hand-Buch : Bischoffe zu Gurck, zu Lavant oder S. Andreae in Kärnthen 1730 pp.112-113, 1732 p.171, 1737 p.179, 1738 pp.184-185, 1741 pp.202-203, 1742 pp.199-200, 1745 pp.225-226, 1746 pp.236, 241-245, 1747 pp.242, 246-252, 1749 pp.266, 270-275, in German, GB
Europäisches genealogisches Handbuch : Cänthen, 1756 p.10, 1766 pp.16, 1768 pp.16, 1770 pp.17, 1772 pp.15, 1774 pp.15, 1776 pp.15, 1780 pp.15, 1782 pp.15, 1784 pp.15, 1786 pp.15, 1788 p.15, 1790 p.16, 1792 p.17, 1794 p.18, 1800 p.19, in German, GB
Image Databanks Categoy : History of Carinthia, from Wikimedia Commons
Historical Postcards : Kärnten, from Heimatsammlung, commercial site
Archival Deposits Online
Archive Deposits Indices Österreichisches Staatsarchiv
Laws Alphabetisch-chronologische Übersicht der k.k. Gesetze und Verordnungen vom Jahre 1740 bis zum Jahre 1843 ... vol.1 : A-B, 1825, vol.2 : C-D, 1825, vol.3 : E-Geisv, 1825 vol.4 : Geisv-Hypoth, 1826, vol.5 : I-Mayk 1826, vol.6 : Mech-Ott 1826, vol.7 : P-Sani, 1827, vol.8 : Sard-Standg 1827, vol.9 : Ständi-Tyr 1827, vol.10 : U-Z, 1827, vol.11 : 1821-1824, 1829, vol.12 : 1825-1829, 1833, vol.13 : 1830-1843, 1847, in German, posted on Google Books
Sr. k. k. Majestät Franz des Zweyten politische Gesetze und Verordnungen für die Oesterreichischen, Böhmischen und Galizischen Erbländer, vol.1-3 : 1792, vol.4-7 : 1794, vol.8-9 : 1796, vol.10-12 : 1797, in German, posted on Google Books
Sammlung der Gesetze vol.1, 1792, vol.2, 1793, vol.10, 1797, vol.18, 1804, vol.19, 1804, vol.20, 1805, vol.26, 1812, vol.27, 1813, vol.28, 1813, vol.29, 1814, vol.30, 1814, vol.31, 1815, vol.32, 1816, vol.33, 1816, vol.34, 1817, vol.35, 1817, vol.36, 1818, vol.37, 1818, vol.38, 1819, vol.39, 1819, vol.40, 1820, vol.41, 1821, vol.42, 1821, vol.43, 1823, vol.44, 1823, vol.45, 1824, vol.46, 1825, vol.47, 1825, vol.48, 1826, vol.49, 1826, vol.50, 1827, vol.51, 1827 vol.52, 1828, vol.53, 1829, vol.54, 1830, vol.55, 1831, vol.56, 1832, vol.57, 1833, vol.58, 1834, vol.59, 1835, vol.60, 1836, vol.61, 1837, vol.62, 1838, vol.63, 1839, vol.64, 1840, vol.65, 1841, vol.66, 1842, vol.67, 1843, vol.68, 1845, vol.69, 1845, vol.70, 1846, vol.71, 1847, vol.75, 1849, vol.76, 1850, in German, posted on Google Books
Sr. k. k. Majestät Franz des Zweyten politische Gesetze und Verordnungen für die Oesterreichischen, Böhmischen und Galizischen Erbländer, vol.1-3 : 1792, vol.4-7 : 1794, vol.8-9 : 1796, vol.10-12 : 1797, in German, posted on Google Books
Kärndten, pp.182-193 in vol.4 : Von Oesterreich, Steyer, Cärndten, Crain und Tyrol, ingleichen Burgund, Niederland, Schweitz, Meyland und Elsass, dann denen Chur-Fürsten und Ständen des Röischen Reiches, of J.C. Lünig (ed.), Das deutsche Reichs-Archiv, in welchem zu finden desselben Grund-Gesetze und Ordnungen... , 1710, in German, GB
I. de Luca, Iustitzcodex, vol.1 1793, vol.2 1793, vol.3 1794, vol.4 1794, vol.5 1795, search for Kärnten (spelling varieties); in German, GB
Historiography
Document Collections Monumenta historica Ducatus Carinthiae. Geschichtliche Denkmaäler des Herzogthumes Kaärnten, vol.1 : Die Gurker Geschichtsquellen 864-1222, 1896, vol.3 : Die Kärntner Geschichtsquellen 811-1202, 1904, vol.4 : Die Kärntner Geschichtsquellen 1202-1269, pt.2 : 1263-1269, 1906, posted on Internet Archive
Das Gemeinsame Leben. 70 Jahre nach der Volksabstimmung in Kärnten, from Zeitdokumente
Ch.18 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Austriacarum cum Adnexis Provinciis, pp.497-512 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
J. Chmel, Urkunden zur Geschiche von Österreich, Steiermark, Kärnten, Krain, Görz, Triest, Istrien, Tirol vol.1 : 1246-1300, 1849, IA
Individual Documents
Historical Maps general collections Historische Karten - Kärnten, from Familia Austria
entire country, hindsight/modern Carl Wolff's Historischer Atlas, 1877, Mitteleuropa im Jahre 1250, Mitteleuropa nach seiner kirchlichen Einteilung um die Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts, from atlassen.info by M. Witkam
Spruner/Menke, Hand-Atlas fur die Geschichte des Mittelalters und die neueren Zeit, 3rd ed. 1880, Ungarn und seiner Nebenländer vom Anfang des XIII Jahrhunderts bis zur Schlacht bei Mohacs 1526. posted on maproom
Professor G. Droysens Allgemeiner Historischer Handatlas 1886, Deutschland im XIV. Jahthundert, Deutschland im XV. Jahthundert, Territorialentwickelung Österreich-Ungarns, posted on maproom
Karl Streit, Atlas Hierarchicus, 1913, Austria-Hungary, from atlassen.info by M. Witkam
entire country, contemporary Kingdom of Illyria, from Sohr-Berghaus, Handatlas, 4th edition 1847, Kärnten, Krain, Görz-Gradisca, Istrien und Triest, 6th edition 1874, 7th edition 1883, 8th edition 1892, posted by M. Witkam
detail, hindsight/modern
detail, contemporary Klagenfurt & Environs 1911, Villach 1911, from Discus Media
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
general Articles Carinthia, Villach, Klagenfurt, from EB 1911
Articles Kärnten, Klagenfurt, Völkermarkt, Villach, Gurk, Wolfsberg, Spital, from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 4th edition, 1885-1892, in German
Article Carinthia, from aeiou
religious Article : Diocese of Gurk, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914
Articles : Carinthia, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
economic
Geographical Carinthia pp.235-239, in : T.G. Smollett, The present state of all nations, vol.5, 1769, posted on Google Books
Historical Carinthia, pp.59-, in : Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, vol.2, 1745, posted on Google Books
Parliamentary
Debates
HRE / Germany Verhandlungen des Deutschen Reichstags 1867-1895, 1895-1918, 1918-1942
Deutsche Reichstagakten, vol.1 : 1376-1387, 1867, vol.2 : 1388-1397, 1874, vol.3 : 1397-1400, 1877, vol.4 : 1400-1401, 1882, vol.5 : 1401-1405, 1885, vol.6 : 1406-1410, 1888, vol.7 : 1410-1420, 1878, vol.8 : 1421-1426, 1883, vol.9 : 1427-1431, 1887, vol.10 : 1431-1433, 1906, vol.11 : 1433-1435, 1898, vol.12 : 1435-1437, 1901, Jüngere Reihe, vol.1 1893, vol.2 1893, posted on Internet Archive
Protokolle der deutschen Bundes-Versammlung vol.1 1817, vol.2 1817, vol.3 1817, vol.4 1817, vol.5 1818, vol.6 1818, vol.7 1819, vol.8 1819, vol.9 1820, vol.10 1820, vol.11 1821, vol.12 1821, vol.13 1822, vol.14 1822, vol.15 1823, vol.16 1824, vol.17 1825, vol.18 1826, in German, posted by Google Books
Austria Österreichische Parlamentsschriften 1848-1971 from ALEX, ONB, in German
others Hansard (British Parliament 1803-2005)
Travel Guides K. Baedeker, Südbaiern, Tirol und Salzburg, Ober- und Nieder-Österreich, Steiermark, Krain und Küstenland, 1878, 1886, 1888, 1892, in German, posted on Internet Archive
K. Baedeker, The eastern Alps, including the Bavarian highlands, the Tyrol, Salzkammmergut, Styria, and Carinthia 1879, 1907, 1911, posted on Internet Archive
John Murray, A handbook for travellers in southern Germany : being a guide to Bavaria, Austria, Tyrol, Salzburg, Styria, &c., the Austrian and Bavarian Alps 1844, posted on Internet Archive
Travelogues
Institutions Archives Kärntner Landesarchiv
Archive in Österreich : Kärnten
Musea Landesmuseum Kärnten
Libraries Landesbibliothek Kärnten
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Coat of Arms : Carinthia, from Hic Leones (Meyer 5th ed. 1885-1892)
Coins Search Coin Archives for Kärnten, Carinthia
Others Verzeichnis der öffentlich zugänglichen Totentänze - Österreich (Index of the Publicly Accessible Death Dances : Austria, from Totentänze Online

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries
Bibliographies general
on Eastern Europe EBSEES (European Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies), search for Steiermark, Styria)
on Austria Österreichische Bibliografie, in German
Österreichische Historische Bibliographie, in German
on Carinthia Publikationen, from Volksgruppenbüro Kärnten, in German
Kärnten, from Bibliografie zur Geschichte und Kultur des Weines
Publikationen von Brigitte Entner, in German, mostly on Carinthia
Literaturhinweise, from Kulturdreieck Südkärnten
Nationalsozialismus und Holocaust. Kärnteh, from erinnern.at
Kärnten, from Computatio
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
Digitale Texte im Seminar für Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Univ. Köln; many 19th century texts, mostly in German
on Austria Digitaler Lesesaal, from Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
on Slovenia Digital Library of Slovenia
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories : Austria, Slovenia
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
on Austria-Hungary see : ANNO, Austrian Newspapers Online
Österreichisches Archiv für Geschichte, Erdbeschreibung, Staatenkunde und Literatur, vol.2 1832, vol.3 1833, in German, posted on Google Books
Oesterreichische Zeitschrift für Geschichts- und Staatskunde, vol.2 1836, in German, posted by Google Books
Östreichische militärische Zeitschrift (Streffleurs militärische Zeitschrift, Neue militärische Zeitschrift ), 1811 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1812 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1818 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1819 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1820 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1821 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12 1822 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1823 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1824 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1825 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1826 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1827 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1828 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1829 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1830 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1831 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1832 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1833 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1834 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1835 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1836 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1837 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1838 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1839 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1840 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1841 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1842 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1843 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1844 1-3, 4-6, 7-9 10-12, 1845 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1846 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1847 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1848 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1849 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12, 1863 vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, vol.4, 1868 vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, vol.4, in German, posted on Google Books
on Carinthia Carinthia: Zeitschrift für Vaterlandskunde, Belehrung und Unterhaltung, vol.58 1868, vol.57, 1867, vol.56, 1866, vol.55, 1865, vol.54, 1864, vol.53, 1863, vol.52, 1862, vol.51, 1861, vol.50, 1860, vol.47-49, 1857, vol.45-46, 1855, vol.44, 1854, vol.38, 1848, vol.35-37, 1845, vol.32-34, 1842, vol.29-31, 1839, vol.26-27, 1836, vol.23-25, 1833, vol.21-22, 1831, vol.17-18, 1827, vol.14, 1824, in German, posted on Google Books
Kärntnerische Zeitschrift, 1818, 1820, 1821, 1823, 1826, 1831, in German, posted on Google Books
General Accounts
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries Paula S. Fichtner (ed.), Historical Dictionary of Austria, London : Scarecrow 1999, 328 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. R 943.6 F445h