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Oldenburg Osnabrück
First posted on January 3rd 2002, last revised on March 15th 2008






The Frankish period
Frisians

The Era of the Vikings
Viking, Saracen and
Hungarian Raids
Frisia

Era of Absolutism
East Frisia
1654-1744
East Frisia
1744-1815

Restauration
Hannover
1815-1866



EXTERNAL
FILES
Clio Online, keyword Ostfriesland, Emden, Aurich, Leer; German language History Portal
Article Ostfriesland, Fürstentum, Geschichte von (Principality of East Frisia, History of), P.1 (531), P.2 (532), from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1888-1890 edition, in German
DOCUMENTS J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Embden, posted by DTBSWS
Emden, from Historic Cities
Search Coin Archives for Ostfriesland, East Frisia, Emden
Fabian-Handbuch : Bibliotheken in Niedersachsen
REFERENCE