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East Frisia Hildesheim
First posted on January 3rd 2002, last revised on February 29th 2012






The Diocese of Osnabrück was established in 772, as a suffragan to the Archdiocese of Cologne.
In the course of the Middle Ages, the bishops of Osnabrück acquired territory, and in 1235 were recognized as secular rulers of that territory, the Hochstift or Princebishopric of Osnabrück, as part of the Holy Roman Empire (since 1500 Westphalian Circle).
By the early 16th century it had become customary for one bishop to hold several dioceses simultaneously, so often the princebishop resided outside of the princebishopric.
Under the administration of protestant-minded bishops 1574-1623 the Lutheran Reformation was implemented in most parts of the princebishopric. From 1624 to 1633 an attempt to introduce the Counterreformation was made. From 1633 to 1648, the princebishopric was under Swedish occupation and Catholicism was suppressed.
In 1648 the Peace of Westphalia determined Catholics and Lutherans (relatives of the Dukes of Braunschweig-Lüneburg) to alternate as princebishop.
In 1803 the princebishopric was secularized, annexed by the Electorate of Hannover.

After a number of changes during the Napoleonic Wars, in 1815 the territory of the Hochstift Osnabrück (except for the exclave of Reckenberg, which was annexed by Prussia (Province Westfalen) was part of the Kingdom of Hannover (Landdrostei Osnabrück). In 1866 Hannover was annexed by Prussia, became the Prussian Province Hannover. In 1871 Prussia joined Unified Germany. In 1885 Landdrostei Osnabrück became Regierungsbezirk Osnabrück, to which Bentheim and Emsland were added.
From 1945 to 1949, Hannover (with Osnabrück) was under British Occupation. In 1946 Prussia was dissolved; Province Hannover became the core of the newly created Land Niedersachsen, which since 1949 is part of the Federal Republic of Germany. In 1978 the Regierungsbezirke Aurich, Osnabrück and Land Oldenburg were merged to form Regierungsbezirk Weser-Ems, which was dissolved in 2004.

Historical spellings : Osenbrug, Osenburg, Osnabrug, Osnabrück

Hannover 1815-1866
Osnabrück 1728-1815 . Osnabrück 1648-1728







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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles current Article Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück, from Wikipedia
Article Hochstift Osnabrück, from Wikipedia German edition
Article : Fürstbistum Osnabrück, from GenWiki, in German
historical
Links, on History Clio Online, keyword Osnabrueck; German language History Portal
Kategorie : Osnabrück, from Wikipedia German Edition
Historical Dictionary
Portals
Organizations Verein für Geschichte und Landeskunde von Osnabrück
Arbeitskreis Familienforschung Osnabrück; Osnabrücker genealogischer Forschungskreis
Historische Friedhöfe Osnabrück - Förderverein Hasefriedhof - Johannisfriedhof e.V.
Verein für Orts- und Heimatkunde Bad Iburg
Timelines
Accounts of History General, Modern Article Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück, from Wikipedia
Article Hochstift Osnabrück, from Wikipedia German edition
General, Historical J. Möser: Osnabrückische Geschichte, vol.1 1780, vol.2 1819, vol.3 1824, in German, GB
J.E. Stüve, Beschreibung und Geschichte des Hochstifts und Fürstenthums Osnabrück mit einigen Urkunden 1789, in German, GB
H.F.G.J. Sudendorf, Beiträge zur Geschichte des Landes Osnabrück, bis zum Jahre 1400: Mit Urkunden 1840, in German, GB
J.K.B. Stüve, Stüve: Geschichte des Hochstifts Osnabrück, vol.1 : to 1508, 1853, GB, vol.2 : 1508-1623, 1872, in German, IA
Specific Periods H. Meurer, Das Bisthum Osnabrück, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung seiner Verhältnisse seit der Säkularisation vom Jahre 1803 1856, in German, GB
Polizeiherrschaft und Zwangsarbeit : NS-Herrschaft in der Region Osnabrück , in German
Administration M. Bär, Abriss einer Verwaltungsgeschichte des Regierungsbezirks Osnabrück , 1901, in German, IA
Military Article : Petersburg (Osnabrück), from Wikipedia German edition
Economy Stadtwerke Osnabrück, Geschichte
Social History Die Geschichte des 1. Mai in Osnabrück, Osnabrücker Zeitung 29 Apr. 2011, in German
Lepramuseum Münster-Kinderhaus, Leprosorien in Niedersachsen und Bremen
Ethnography
Religion Article Bistum Osnabrück : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
Geschichte, from Bistum Osnabrück, in German
Bistum Osnabrück, from GenWiki, in German
Article Roman Catholic Diocese of Osnabrück, from Wikipedia
Article : Geschichte der Juden in Osnabrück, from Wikipedia German edition
Geschichte der Benediktinerinnen vom heiligen Sakrament in Osnabrück, in German
Deutsche Franziskanerprovinz, Zur Geschichte des Franziskanerklosters in Holzhausen (Ohrbeck near Osnabrück), in German
History of Regions Article : Amt Reckenberg, from Wikipedia German edition
Local History Articles Osnabrück : History, Iburg : History, Quakenbrück, from Wikipedia
Articles Iburg : Geschichte, Bersenbrück : Geschichte, Osnabrück : Geschichte, Quakenbrück : Geschichte, Wiedenbrück : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German Edition
J.G.J. Friderici et al., Geschichte der Stadt Osnabrück, vol.s 1-3, 1816-1826, in German, GB
Schloss Ippenburg, Geschichte, in German
Kurzer Abriss der Geschichte der Stadt, from Friedensstadt Osnabrück, in German
Institutions Structurae : Lower Saxony
Article : Gymnasium Carolinum (Osnabrück), from Wikipedia German edition; Geschichte der Hochschule Osnabrück
Geschichte des Marienhospital Osnabrück , in German, des AMEOS Klinikum Osnabrück, Paracelsus-Kliniken Osnabrück
Geschichte des Landgericht Osnabrück, in German
Geschichte der Freiwilligen Feuerwehr Haste, in German
Biographies Berühmte Persönlichkeiten, from Friedensstadt Osnabrück, in German
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of Bishops, from World Statesmen (Ben Cahoon)
Statistical Data Population Statistics
Documents Historical Newspapers
Staatskalender see Osnabrück, pp.429-451 in V. Bauer, Repertorium territorialer Amtskalender und Amtshandbücher im Alten Reich, vol.1 : Nord- und Mitteldeutschland, 1997, in German [G]
Links, from GenWiki
Allgemeiner Reichs-Calender für das Hochstift Osnabrück 1793, from Internetportal Westfälische Geschichte, 1795, GB
General
Osnabrück Entries
Die Durchlauchten Häuser in Europa : Der Bischoff zu Osnabrüg, 1702 p.471, 1705 pp.721-722, 1708 pp.876-877, 1716 p.988, 1719 p.771, 1725 p.915, in German, GB
Die Durchlauchtige Welt : Bischoff zu Osnabrügge, 1710 pp.101-104, 1739 pp.567-571, in German, GB
Jährliches genealogisches Hand-Buch : Vom Bischofe zu Münster, Paderborn, Hildesheim und Ossnabrügg, 1730 pp.181-186, 1732 pp.146-150, 1737 pp.153-156, 1738 pp.154-160, 1741 pp.167-173, 1742 pp.165-170, 1745 pp.189-194, 1746 pp.199-204, 1747 pp.204-209, 1749 pp.222-226, in German, GB
Neues genealogisch-schematisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch : Osnabrück 1748 p.183, 1750 pp.213-217, 1752 pp.247-250, 1756 pp.266-268, 1758 pp.265-267, 1759 pp.273-275, 1760 pp.273-275, 1761 pp.276-278, 1762 pp.281-283, 1764 pp.276-277, 1765 pp.310-312, in German, GB
M. Gottlieb Schumanns genealogisches Handbuch : Paderborn, Münster, Osnabrück, Hildesheim 1758 pp.180-185, 1760 pp.188-194, in German, GB
Europäisches genealogisches Handbuch : Osnabrück 1756 pp.182-187, Osnabrück 1766 pp.224-226, 1768 pp.228-230, 1770 pp.237-238, 1772 pp.234-235, 1774 pp.235-236, 1776 pp.235-236, 1780 pp.244-245, 1782 pp.246-247, 1784 pp.250-251, 1786 no entry, 1788 pp.247-248, 1790 pp.252-253, 1792 pp.248-249, 1794 pp.255-256, 1800 pp.283-284, in German, GB
J.Ch. Poncelin de la Roche Tilhac, Etat des Cours de l'Europe et des Provinces de France pour l'annee ... vol.1 MDCCCLXXXIV 1783 p.365, vol.2 MDCCCLXXXV, 1785, p.349, vol.3 MDCCCLXXXVI, 1786, p.363, in French, GB
Neues genealogisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch : Osnabrück 1770 pp.161-162, 1771 pp.183-184, 1772 pp.185-186, 1774 pp.189-190, 1783 pp.156-157, 1784 pp.164-165, 1790 pp.160-161, 1791 pp.160-161, 1792 pp.163-164, 1797 pp.158-159, in German, GB
Genealogisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch : Osnabrück 1799 pp.203-205, 1800 p.78, 1801 pp.78-79, 1802 pp.78-81, in German, GB
Image Databanks
Archive Deposits
Laws
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections
Document Surveys Wikisource : Osnabrück, in German
Handschriftencensus : Osnabrück
Ch.17 : De Scriptoribus Historiae Germanicae, Generalis, Archiepiscopatuum, Episcopatuum, Abbatiarum et Monasteriorum, pp.441-497 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Osnabrück, pp.227-234 in W. Wattenbach, Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen im Mittelalter bis zur Mitte des dreizehnten Jahrhunderts 1858, in German, GB
Addressbooks
Cartularia J.E. Stüve, Beschreibung und Geschichte des Hochstifts und Fürstenthums Osnabrück mit einigen Urkunden 1789, GB
H.F.G.J. Sudendorf, Beiträge zur Geschichte des Landes Osnabrück, bis zum Jahre 1400: Mit Urkunden 1840, GB
Osnabrücker Urkundenbuch, vol.2 : 1201-1250, 1896 repr. 1969, IA; vol.3 : 1251-1280, 1899 IA, vol.4 : 1281-1300, 1902 repr. 1969, IA
Chronicles E. Erdmann, Geschichte des Fürstenthums und Hochstifts Osnabrück: Erdwin Erdmanns Chronick nach der altteutschen Übersetzung enthaltend pt.1 1792, GB
Inscriptions
University Matricula Article : Universitätsmatrikel, from GenWiki, in German; links to web-editions of historic students' rolls
Rostocker Matrikelportal 1419-; search for Bremensis, Verdensis
Die Matrikel der Universität Heidelberg 1386 - 1920 digital
Imperial Matricula Wikisource, Heeresmatrikel von 1422, Reichsmatrikel von 1521, Verzeichnis der Mitgliedsstände der Reichskreise 1532, Verzeichnuss 1663, Zedler, Reichs-Matrickel 1719, Der deutsche Reichstag in seiner Zusammensetzung im Jahre 1792
Other Document Collections
Individual Documents
Historical Maps Responsible Institution Landesvermessung und Geobasiswissen Niedersachsen, Freizeit- und historische Karten
Collections Historische Karten, from Friedensstadt Osnabrück
entire country, modern Bishopric of Osnabrück 1789, Niedersachsen 1789, from Thomas Höckmann, maps, links, in German
entire country, contemporary Blaeu 1645, from Wikimedia Commons
detail, modern Rheda, Reckenberg, Rietberg, from Thomas Höckmann, maps, links, in German
detail, contemporary Osnabrück, from Historic Cities
Map : Osnabrück 1633 (Hollar), from Wikipedia; from Friedensstadt Osnabrück
Map : Osnabrück 1887, posted by Discus Media
Map : Osnabrück 1910 (Baedeker), posted by Zonu
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Osnabruck, from EB 1911
Article Osnabrück, Iburg, Quakenbrück, Bersenbrück, from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1888-1890 edition, posted by Retro Bib, in German
Article Osnabrück, from Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1894-1896, posted by Retro Bib, in German
Religious Article Diocese of Osnabrueck, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Economic J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Osnabrück, posted by DTBSWS
Osnabruck, pp.199-200, in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Political The Bishop of Osenburg pp.129-130 in J. Savage, H. Moll, The antient and present state of the empire of Germany, 1702, GB
The Bishopric of Osnaburg, pp.431-435 in vol.4 of T.G. Smollett, The Present State of All Nations 1769, GB
Geographical L'Eveche d'Osnabrug, pp.297-198 in A. du Bois, La Geographie moderne, naturelle historique & politique, 1736, in French, GB
L'Eveche d'Osnabruck, pp.17-18 in vol.2 of J.J. Vaissete, Geographie historique ecclesiastique et civile, 1756, in French, GB
The Bishopric of Osnabrück, pp.336-347 in vol.3 of A.F. Büsching, A New System of Geography, 1762, GB
Osnabruck, l'Eveche d', p.525 in Vosgien, Dictionnaire geographique portatif, 1770, in French, GB
Das Hochstift Osnabrück, pp.767-789 in vol.3 of A.F. Büsching, Neue Erdbeschreibung, 1771, in German, GB
Ethnographical
Historical Osnabrug Bishoprick, pp.126-127 in vol.2 of T. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, 1745, GB
Parliamentary Debates HRE / Germany Wikisource : Deutsche Reichstagsakten, in German
Deutsche Reichstagakten, vol.1 : 1376-1387, 1867, vol.2 : 1388-1397, 1874, vol.3 : 1397-1400, 1877, vol.4 : 1400-1401, 1882, vol.5 : 1401-1405, 1885, vol.6 : 1406-1410, 1888, vol.7 : 1410-1420, 1878, vol.8 : 1421-1426, 1883, vol.9 : 1427-1431, 1887, vol.10 : 1431-1433, 1906, vol.11 : 1433-1435, 1898, vol.12 : 1435-1437, 1901, Jüngere Reihe, vol.1 : 1519-1523 1893, vol.2 : 1519-1523 1893, vol.3 : 1519-1523 1901, posted on Internet Archive
Postal Routes etc. M. Zeiller, Itinerarium Germaniae novae antiquae: teutsches Reyssbuch durch Hoch- und Nider-Teutschland, 1632, in German, GB
E.G. Guillot, Dictionnaire des postes: contenant le nom de toutes les villes, bourgs, paroisses, abbayes, & principaux chateaux du royaume de France & du duche de Lorraine ... les principales villes de l'Europe ..., 1754, in French, GB
F.J. Heger, Tablettes des Postes de l'Empire d'Allemagne et des Provinces Limitrophes, 1770, in French, GB
Livre des Postes d'Europe 1788, in French, GB
H.A.O. Reichard, Guide des voyageurs en Europe vol.1 1793, in French, GB
F. Gandini, Itineraire de l'Europe, 1819, in French, GB
H.A.O. Reichard, An Itinirary of France and Belgium, 1816, Germany, 1819, Denmark, Sweden, Norway & Russia, 1820, GB
Itineraire general des postes et relais: a l'usage des personnes qui voyagent sur le continent europeen : comprenant la France, les Pays-Bays, l'Allemagne, l'Autriche, le Danemarck, l'Espagne, l'Italie, le Portugal, la Prusse, la Saxe, la Suede, la Russie, la Turquie d'Europe, etc., etc. : suivi des routes principales de la Suisse 1822, in French, GB
F. Gandini, Itineraire postale et de commerce de l'Europe, 1829, in French, GB
J.M.V. Audin, Guide classique du voyageur en Europe vol.1, France, Belgique, Bords du Rhin, Italie, Espagne et Portugal, 1829, vol.2, Allemagne, Suisse, Danemark, Suede, Norvege, Russie, Pologne et Angleterre, 1829, in French, GB
E. Poppele, Manuel des Postes pour l'Allemagne et les routes principales de l'Europe , 1831, in French, GB
K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB
F. Gandini, Nouvel itineraire postal de l'Europe, 1838, in French, GB
Richard, Guide classique du voyageur en Europe, 1854, in French, GB
Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB
Historic Tour Guides Trips by Tips, Nachtwächterführung Osnabrück, in German (not historic)
Institutions Archives Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv - Landesarchiv Osnabrück
Archivportal Niedersachsen (Landkreis Osnabrück, Stadtkreis Osnabrück)
Stadtarchiv Osnabrück, from Anka Online
Bistumsarchiv Osnasbrück
Musea Kulturgeschichtliches Museum Osnabrück
Monuments Gedenkstätte Augustaschacht, Gedenkstätte Gestapokeller (Osnabrück)
Libraries Fabian-Handbuch : Bibliotheken in Niedersachsen
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Coat of Arms, Eveche-Principaute d'Osnabrück, from Heraldique Europeenne, French-language site
Coins H. Grote, Osnabrück'sche Geld- und Münz-Geschichte, 1864, in German, GB
Search Coin Archives for Osnabrück

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general ISBN Database
Deutsche Nationalbibliographie
on Osnabrück Bibliographie zue Niedersächsischen Rechtsgeschichte (Bibliography on Legal History in Lower Saxony)
Verein für Geschichte und Landeskunde von Osnabrück, Publikationen
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek (project); Münchner Digitalisierungs-Zentrum, Digitale Bibliothek; SUUB : E-Library : Bremensia
Digitale Bibliothek der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin
Digitale Texte im Seminar für Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Univ. Köln; many 19th century texts, mostly in German
on Osnabrück Niedersächsische Landesbibliothek Göttingen, Digitale Bibliothek; Wolfenbütteler Digitale Bibliothek; Digitale Bibliothek Braunschweig, Center for Retrospective Digitization, Göttingen (GDZ)
Online Journals full text online Osnabrücker Mitteilungen, Mittheilungen des Historischen Vereins zu Osnabrück, Mittheilungen des Vereins für Geschichte und Landeskunde von Osnabrück vol.1 1848, GB, vol.2 1850, GB, vol.3 1853, GB, vol.4 1855, GB, vol.s 7-8 1864-1866, IA, vol.8 1866, GB, vol.25 1901, IA, vol.26 1902, IA, vol.29-31 1905-1907, IA
contents online Magazine Stacks : Osnabrücker Mitteilungen, Mittheilungen des Historischen Vereins zu Osnabrück, Mittheilungen des Vereins für Geschichte und Landeskunde von Osnabrück 1848-1902, 1903-1941, 1947-1979, 1980-2003
General Accounts
Specific Topics
Handbook / Encyclopedia Entries Territorien-Ploetz : Geschichte der Deutschen Länder, Vol.1, Würzburg 1964, in German [G]