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First posted on May 24th 2011






Within the Holy Roman Empire, the Bavarian Circle was established in 1500/1512. It included the following members : Hochstift Salzburg, Hochstift Passau, Hochstift Freising, Hochstift Regensburg, Prince-abbey of Berchtesgaden, St. Emmeram in Regensburg, Niedermünster in Regensburg, Obermünster in Regensburg, Duchy (Electorate since 1623/1628) of Bavaria, Duchy of Pfalz-Neuburg, Duchy of Pfalz-Sulzbach, County of Störnstein, County of Leuchtenberg, County of Ortenburg, County of (Hohen)Waldeck, County of Breitenegg, Barony Ehrenfels, Barony Sulzbürg-Pyrbaum, Free Imperial Citry of Regensburg.
In 1521/1532 also Stift Chiemsee and Abbey Rott on the Inn and Waldsassen were listed as members, but they lost their immediate status; Hohenwaldeck joined in 1559, Breitenegg and Störnberg in the middle of the 17th century.
The Duchy/Electorate of Bavaria managed over time to acquire a number of the secular votes in the Bavarian Circle, most notably when Bavaria, Pfalz-Neuburg and Pfalz-Sulzbach were united under one Duke Elector in the later 18th century.







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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Profiles Current Article : Bavarian Circle, from Wikipedia
Article : Bayerischer Reichskreis, from Wikipedia German edition
P.C. Hartmann, Der Bayerische Reichskreis 1500-1803
Historic A.F. Büsching, Neue Erdbeschreibung vol.3 pt.2, Welcher den schwäbischen, bayerischen, fršnkischen und obersächsischen Kreis enthält, 3rd edition 1761, in German, GB; der Bayerische Kreis pp.1553-1662
A.C. Gaspari, Vollständiges Handbuch der neuesten Erdbeschreibung , vol.1 : Welcher die allgemeine Einleitung, und einen Theil von Deutschland enthält; 1797, in German, GB; Der Bayerische Kreis pp.727-800
Links on History Kategorie : Bayerischer Reichskreis, from Wikipedia German edition
Organizations Societies Historischer Verein für Oberpfalz und Regensburg
Institutions Haus der bayerischen Geschichte
Historical Dictionary Historisches Lexikon Bayerns, in German
Geographisches statistisch-topographisches Lexikon von Baiern vol.1, 1796, vol.2, 1796, in German, GB
Timelines
Accounts of History General, Modern
General, Historical J. Zitzlsperger, Bayerische Geschichte, im engen Zusammenhange mit der deutschen Geschichte , 1870, in German, GB
Specific Periods
Administration
Military Article : Liste der Regimenter des bayerischen Reichskreises, from Wikipedia German edition
Bayerischer Reichskreis, Kaiserliche Reichs Executions Armee, 1757-1763, from Military Miniatures
Economy & Finances
History of Regions Links lead to pages on this site :
Hochstift Salzburg, Hochstift Passau, Hochstift Freising, Hochstift Regensburg, Prince-abbey of Berchtesgaden, St. Emmeram in Regensburg, Niedermünster in Regensburg, Obermünster in Regensburg, Duchy (Electorate since 1623/1628) of Bavaria, Duchy of Pfalz-Neuburg, Duchy of Pfalz-Sulzbach, County of Störnstein, County of Leuchtenberg, County of Ortenburg, County of (Hohen)Waldeck, County of Breitenegg, Barony Ehrenfels, Barony Sulzbürg-Pyrbaum, Free Imperial Citry of Regensburg.
In 1521/1532 also Stift Chiemsee and Abbey Rott on the Inn and Waldsassen were listed as members, but they lost their immediate status
Institutions
Biographies
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Documents Historical Newspapers Kaiserlich privilegirter Reichs-Anzeiger 1793, 1797, 1800, 1804, in German, GB
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender
international
Image Databanks
Archival Deposits
Laws J.G. von Lori (ed.), Sammlung des baierischen Kreisrechts, 1764, in German, GB
Treaties K.M. von Aretin, Chronologisches Verzeichniss der bayerischen Staats-Verträge: vom Tode Herzog Georgs des Reichen (1503) bis zum Frankfurter Territorial-Recess (1819) : nebst einer Sammlung von 94 bisher ungedruckten Recessen, Conventionen, Protokollen, und andern in gleiche Kategorie gehörenden Urkunden, 1838, in German, GB
Document Collections
Individual Documents Fränkischer Reichskreis ; Bayerischer Reichskreis ; Schwäbischer Reichskreis : Müntz-Probations Abschied Der drey im Müntz-Wesen correspondirender Craisse Francken, Bayern und Schwaben, 1693, in German, BSB
Historical Maps general collections Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online : Karten
Universität Regensburg, Digitalisierte Historische Karten Bayerns
Historische Karten von Bayern - eine Auswahl aus vier Jahrhunderten , digitized by MDZ
Historischer Atlas von Bayern (HAB); those volumes which are out of sale have been digitized by MDZ
Category : Old Maps of Bavaria, from Wikimedia Commons
responsible institutions Bayerische Vermessungsverwaltung
entire country, modern Historische Karte : Bavaria 1789, by Thomas Hoeckmann
Bayern 1777, from Putzger, Historischer Weltatlas, 1914 edition; posted by maproom
entire country, contemporary Bayerischer Reichskreis c.1720, from Staatliche Bibliothek Passau
Circulus Austriacus et Bavaricus 1737, from Visual Library Digitale Kartensammlung
Cercle de Baviere 1787, from Staatliche Bibliothek Passau
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General
Religious
Economic
Political Circle of Bavaria, pp.193-214 in vol.5 of T.G. Smollett, The present state of all nations, 1769, GB
Baviere, Cercle de, p.307 in J.N. Demeunier, Encyclopedie Methodique. …conomie politique et diplomatique vol.1, 1783, in French, GB
Geographical Le Cercle de Baviere, pp.272-273 in L. François, Methode abregee et facile pour apprendre la geographie, 1742, in French, GB
Le Cercle de Baviere, pp.3-119 in vol.9 of A.F. Büsching, Geographie Universelle, 1776, in French, GB
Bavaria Circle, p.210 in T. Salmon, The New Universal Geographical Grammar, 1782, GB
Historical Circle of Bavaria, pp.65-69 in vol.2 of T. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, 1745, GB
Cercle de Baviere, pp.151-164 in J. Vaissette, Geographie historique ecclesiastique et civile ou description de toutes les parties du globe terrestre, 1755, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates HRE Deutsche Reichstagakten, Jüngere Reihe, vol.1 1893, vol.2 1893, posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives Bayerisches Hauptstaatsarchiv München
Salzburger Landesarchiv
Libraries
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliography on Bavaria official
publications of institutions
wider chapter B.
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
on Bavaria Münchner Digitalisierungs-Zentrum, Digitale Bibliothek
Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online
Thesis Server
Online Journals full text online
tables of contents online Zeitschriftenmagazin : Zeitschrift für bayerische Kirchengeschichte (ZBayerKG) 1926-1966, 1967-2000, posted by S. Jenks
Zeitschriftenmagazin : Zeitschrift für bayerische Landesgeschichte (ZBLG) 1928-1930, 1931-1940, 1941-1960, 1961-1967, 1968-1980, 1981-1998, 1999-2003, posted by S. Jenks
General Accounts
Specific Topics