Duchy of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, 1648-1740

JOHANN KASIMIR VON PFALZ-ZWEIBRÜCKEN (-1652) married Katarina, daughter of Karl IX. of Sweden; his son ascended to the throne as Karl X. in 1674. The Duchy of Pfalz-Zweibrücken was united in dynastic union with Sweden until the death of CHARLES XII. (Karl XII.) in 1718. Zweibrücken was ruled by a sideline of the Counts Palatinate (in Ger.: Pfalz). The city was destroyed by French troops in 1677, again occupied by the French 1681-1697. In 1714 Charles XII. granted STANISLAS LESZYNSKI, expelled king of Poland, exile in Zweibrücken. This illustrious resident caused construction in the city. Duke GUSTAV SAMUEL LEOPOLD build the palace (1720-1725).

Counts of Zweibrücken
Johann Kasimir
Karl XI. (1680-1697, King of Sweden)
Karl XII. (1697-1718, King of Sweden)
Gustav Samuel Leopold (1720-1735)

Stadt Zweibrücken, Zeittafel, from Stadt Zweibruecken, in German, timeline
Zweibrücker Geschichte, from Stadt Zweibruecken, in German, narrative
Biography of Johann Kasimir of Pfalz Zweibrücken, from Anettes Hemsida om Kungar, in Swedish
Biography of Karl Gustav von Pfalz-Zweibrücken, from Wer war wer im Dreissigjährigen Krieg ?, in German; has no information on the history of Zweibruecken; Karl Gustav = Karl X. of Sweden
REFERENCE Coins of Pfalz-Zweibrücken 1601-1700, in Krause, Mishler, Standard Catalog of World Coins : Seventeenth Century 1601-1700, 2nd ed., 2000, pp.648-649
Coins of Pfalz-Birkenfeld-Zweibrücken, 1701-1800, in : Krause, Mishler, Standard Catalog of World Coins : Eighteenth Century 1701-1800, 2nd ed., 1997, p.445-447

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First posted on January 3rd 2002, last revised on November 11th 2004

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