History of India since 1971

Andhra Pradesh 1953-1971

Establishment of the State : In 1947 the Dominion of India became independent (since 1950 Republic of India). The Madras Province of British India joined the Dominion; in 1948 the Nizam of Hyderabad was compelled to have Hyderabad State join the dominion as well. In 1953, Andhra State was separated from Madras State; in 1956 Hyderabad State was partitioned; Andhra State annexed the Tenangana region.

Administration : From 1953 to 1983 Assam was governed by INC-lead administrations.

Annals : 1952 : Death of Potti Sriramulu, the driving force behind the creation of Andhra State
1953 : famine (BBoY 1954)
1953 : Andhra State separated from Madras State (Tamil Nadu) as state of the Telugu-speaking people; unicameral assembly established; capital Kurnool
1955 : Machkund hydroelectric power scheme switched on
1955 : state election held; INC formed government
1956 : Andhra State renamed Andhra Pradesh
1957 : state elections held; INC formed government
1956 : Andhra Pradesh annexed Telangana Region (hitherto Hyderabad State); capital moved to Hyderabad
1958 : switch from unicameral to bicameral assembly
1961 : village self-government introduced in Andhra Pradesh
1962 : state election held; INC formed government
1965 : Hindi was declared official language in India; anti-Hindi riots in parts of Andhra Pradesh (BBoY 1966)
1967 : state election held; INC formed government
1969-1972 : Jai Telangana Movement; 1969 introduction of indigenate for offices in Telangana

Social History : In 1951 the population of Andhra Pradesh was 31.1 million (i.e. of what was to become Andhra Pradesh), in 1961 35.9 million, in 1971 43.3 million.

Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, from Legislative Bodies in India
History of Andhra Pradesh, from Wikipedia
Article Andhra State, from Wikipedia
History of Hyderabad, from Wikipedia
Article Potti Sreeramulu, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : India, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : India, by province (J. Lahmeyer)
Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh, from AP Online
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
REFERENCE Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1953 pp.352-355, 1954 pp.352-354, 1955 pp.401-403, 1956 pp.342-344, 1957 pp.405-407, 1958 pp.338-340, 1959 pp.335-337, 1960 pp.334-336, 1961 pp.340-342, 1962 pp.332-333, 1963 pp.449-451, 1964 pp.426-427, 1965 pp.421-423, 1966 pp.372-375, 1967 pp.407-410, 1968 pp.409-411, 1969 pp.402-404, 1970 pp.408-410, 1971 pp.388-391, 1972 pp.355-358 [G]
Article : India, Republic of, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.371-375 [G]
Article : India, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.349-353, 1962 pp.354-358, 1963 pp.320-324, 1964 pp.319-322, 1965 pp.326-329, 1967 pp.347-350, 1968 pp.340-344, 1969 pp.348-351, 1970 pp.350-354, 1971 pp.343-346, 1972 pp.336-341 [G]
Article : India : West Bengal, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.380-382 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 13th 2007

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