1768-1846 History of Nepal 1910-1950

Nepal 1846-1910

In an 1846 power struggle, JUNG BAHADUR RANA secured the premiership for himself and his descendants; the premiers, who later were refered to as MAHARAJAS, were the real power in the country, having reduced the kings to nominal figures.. An 1854 Nepalese invasion of Tibet was successful; Tibet was forced to pay an annual tribute (until 1953), and Nepalese soldiers were garrisoned in Tibet. Jung Bahadur Rana visited England and France (1850) had a written LEGAL CODE compiled (published in 1854), torture abolished..
In 1880, the population was estimated as 2,000,000, in 1890 as 3,254,000, in 1900 as 3,353,000, in 1910 as 4,008,000.
In 1910 Nepal paid tribute to the Chinese Emperor for the last time. In 1911 the Emperor was toppled in the CHINESE REVOLUTION; Nepal considered her obligations to the Chinese court terminated.

Library of Congress, Country Studies : Nepal
The Shah Period (1769 to date) from History of Nepal from Windows on Nepal
History of Nepal, from infoplease
DOCUMENTS Nepal : historical demographical data of the whole country, from Population Statistics
REFERENCE J.D. Hooker, Himalayan Journals (1854, on Nepal, Sikkim, Bengal, Khasi Hills), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Laurence Oliphant, A Journey to Katmandu (the capital of Napaul), with the Camp of Jung Bahadur (1852), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Article : Nepal, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.757-758, 1898 pp.757-759, 1901 pp.854-856, 1905 pp.927-929, 1910 pp.1024-1025 [G]

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First posted on May 21st 2002, last revised on October 28th 2007

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