Sindh, 1937-1947

Since the British annexation in 1843 (except for the Sultanate of Khairpur, which remained independent / under indirect rule), Sindh formed part of the Bombay Presidency. In 1858 the British government took over from the E.I.C.
The Government of India Act of 1935 set the framework for provincial self-government; in 1936 the Sindh was separated from the Bmbay Presidency and created a separate province.

Karachi was selected as provincial capital. Buildings to house provincial institutions, such as the Provincial Assembly and the Provincial High Court were established. Elections for the Provincial Assembly were held in 1937 and again in 1946. Among the parties competing for votes were the Muslim League (ML), since 1938 headed by G.M. Syed, and the Sindh People's Party (Sindh Awami Mahaz), established by Shah Nawaz Bhutto in 1936, the latter a predecessor of the PPP.
The office of PM was held by Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah (MPP, Apr. 1937 - Mar. 1938, Oct. 1942 - Aug. 1947), Shaheed Allah Box Soomro (IP, Mar. 1938 - Mar. 1940, Mar. 1941 - Oct. 1942) and Mir Bandeh Ali Khan Talpur (ML, Mar. 1940 - Mar. 1941).
When G. M. Syed expressed his aim for an independent Sindh in 1946, the Muslim League broke with him, and he established the Progressive Muslim League, which was to be the dominant political force in Sindh in the yers 1947 to 1955.
During World War II, Sindh was recruiting ground for the British army.

History of Sindh, from Pakistan History, from Wikipedia
Hyderabad History, from Apnahyderabad, from Wikipedia
Kolachi to Karachi, from City of Karachi
Story of Karachi, from Pakistan History; from Wikipedia
Article Provincial Assembly of the Sindh, from Wikipedia
History of the High Court of Sindh, Karachi
Noor A. Husain, The Role of Muslims Martial Races of Today's Pakistan in British Indian Army in World War II
History of the Hindus in Sindh, by Dhiwan Bherumal Mahirchand Advani
Article Shah Nawaz Bhutto, from Wikipedia
Article G.M. Syed, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS British India Provinces, from World Statesmen
Historical Population Figures : Pakistan, Provinces, from Population Statistics
Members of the First, Second Legislative Assembly of Sindh, 1937-1945, 1946, from Provincial Assembly of Sindh
REFERENCE Christophe Jaffrelot (ed.), A History of Pakistan and its Origins, translated from the French, London : Anthem Press (2002) 2004, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954.91 J23h

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on April 29th 2007

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