1937-1947 1955-1970

Sindh, 1947-1955

When India and Pakistan were released into independence in 1947, Sindh joined Pakistan. Karachi was chosen as Pakistan's capital; the provincial government had to move to Hyderabad, in order to make room for the federal government.
The First Indo-Pakistani War of 1948 brought a massive influx of Mohajirs (mainly Urdu-speaking Muslim refugees originating from Central India) and a similar exodus of Hindi Sindhis. The Mohajirs were given the property of Sindhi Hindus who had left; the greatest concentrations of Mohajirs settled in the cities of Karachi and Hyderabad. When Urdu was declared national language of Pakistan, this favored the Mohajirs, who make up about 40 % of the population of Sindh, and the majority in the cities of Karachi and Hyderabad. The average Mohajir was better educated than the average Sindhi, and many Sindhis soon perceived themselves an underclass in their own country.
Elections for the Provincial Assembly were held in 1947 and in 1953. From 1951 to 1953, Sindh was under governor's rule. Most PMs of the period 1947 to 1955 were from the PML (Progressive Muslim League), the others without party affiliation.
In 1955 the provinces and princely states (Khairpur) were abolished, integrated into the new province of West Pakistan.

History of Sindh, from Pakistan History, from Wikipedia
Hyderabad History, from Apnahyderabad, from Wikipedia
Kolachi to Karachi, from City of Karachi
Story of Karachi, from Pakistan History; from Wikipedia
Article Provincial Assembly of the Sindh, from Wikipedia
History of the High Court of Sindh, Karachi
Article Khayrpur, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS Pakistan Provinces : Sind, from World Statesmen
Historical Population Figures : Pakistan, Provinces, from Population Statistics
Members of the Third, Fourth Legislative Assembly of Sindh, 1947-1951, 1953-1955, from Provincial Assembly of Sindh
REFERENCE Christophe Jaffrelot (ed.), A History of Pakistan and its Origins, translated from the French, London : Anthem Press (2002) 2004, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954.91 J23h

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on April 29th 2007, last revised on May 1st 2007

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